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CSS | transform-origin Property

  • Last Updated : 06 Nov, 2019

The transform-origin property of CSS is used to specify the origin of rotation of an element. It is the point about which an element is rotated. It can be used for both 2D and 3D rotations.

Syntax:

transform-origin: position | initial | inherit

Property Values:

  • position: This specifies the position of the origin of rotation. It takes 3 values corresponding to the distance from the left edge of the box, the distance from the top edge of the box and the z-axis of rotation.

    The values could be specified in length units, percentages or keywords. The z-axis value is always specified using length units.

    Example 1: Specifying the position in length units






    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
      
    <head>
        <style>
            .outer {
                margin: 50px;
                border: 1px dotted;
                position: relative;
                height: 100px;
                width: 400px;
                background-color: lightgreen;
            }
              
            .box {
                position: absolute;
                border: 1px solid;
                background: url(
                ) no-repeat;
                
                background-size: cover;
                height: 100px;
                width: 400px;
                transform: rotate(15deg);
                transform-origin: 10px 30px;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
      
    <body>
        <h1>CSS transform-origin Property</h1>
        <p>The CSS transform-origin Property is used to set
          the origin of the element's transformation</p>
        <div class="outer">
            <div class="box"></div>
        </div>
    </body>
      
    </html>

    Output:
    values

    Example 2: Specifying the position in percentage




    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
      
    <head>
        <style>
            .outer {
                margin: 50px;
                border: 1px dotted;
                position: relative;
                height: 100px;
                width: 400px;
                background-color: lightgreen;
            }
              
            .box {
                position: absolute;
                border: 1px solid;
                background: url(
                ) no-repeat;
                
                background-size: cover;
                height: 100px;
                width: 400px;
                transform: rotate(15deg);
                transform-origin: 50% 75%;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
      
    <body>
        <h1>CSS transform-origin Property</h1>
        <p>The CSS transform-origin Property is 
          used to set the origin of the element's
          transformation</p>
        <div class="outer">
            <div class="box"></div>
        </div>
    </body>
      
    </html>

    Output:
    percentage

    Example 3: Specifying the position in keywords




    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
      
    <head>
        <style>
            .outer {
                margin: 50px;
                border: 1px dotted;
                position: relative;
                height: 100px;
                width: 400px;
                background-color: lightgreen;
            }
              
            .box {
                position: absolute;
                border: 1px solid;
                background: url(
                ) no-repeat;
                
                background-size: cover;
                height: 100px;
                width: 400px;
                transform: rotate(15deg);
                transform-origin: bottom left;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
      
    <body>
        <h1>CSS transform-origin Property</h1>
        <p>The CSS transform-origin Property is 
          used to set the origin of the element's
          transformation</p>
        <div class="outer">
            <div class="box"></div>
        </div>
    </body>
      
    </html>

    Output:
    keyword-value

  • initial: This is used to set the property to its default value.

    Example:




    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
      
    <head>
        <style>
            .outer {
                margin: 50px;
                border: 1px dotted;
                position: relative;
                height: 100px;
                width: 400px;
                background-color: lightgreen;
            }
              
            .box {
                position: absolute;
                border: 1px solid;
                background: url(
                ) no-repeat;
                
                background-size: cover;
                height: 100px;
                width: 400px;
                transform: rotate(15deg);
                transform-origin: initial;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
      
    <body>
        <h1>CSS transform-origin Property</h1>
        <p>The CSS transform-origin Property is
          used to set the origin of the element's
          transformation</p>
        <div class="outer">
            <div class="box"></div>
        </div>
    </body>
      
    </html>

    Output:
    initial

  • inherit: This is used to inherit the property from its parent.

    Example:




    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
      
    <head>
        <style>
            /* this acts as the parent */
              
            .outer {
                margin: 50px;
                border: 1px dotted;
                position: relative;
                height: 100px;
                width: 400px;
                background-color: lightgreen;
                /* set the property of the parent */
                transform-origin: bottom left;
            }
              
            .box {
                position: absolute;
                border: 1px solid;
                background: url(
                ) no-repeat;
                
                background-size: cover;
                height: 100px;
                width: 400px;
                transform: rotate(15deg);
                /* inherits the property of the parent */
                transform-origin: inherit;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
      
    <body>
        <h1>CSS transform-origin Property</h1>
        <p>The CSS transform-origin Property is used to set
          the origin of the element's transformation</p>
        <div class="outer">
            <div class="box"></div>
        </div>
    </body>
      
    </html>

    Output:
    inherit

Supported Browsers: The browser supported by transform-origin property are listed below:

  • Chrome 35.0
  • Internet Explorer 10.0
  • Firefox 16.0
  • Safari 9.0
  • Opera 23.0



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