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CSS | background-blend-mode Property

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  • Last Updated : 28 Jun, 2022

The background-blend-mode Property defines how the element’s background image should blend with each other and with the element’s background-color. 

Syntax: 

background-blend-mode: normal|multiply|screen|darken|lighten|
color-dodge|saturation|difference|luminosity|overlay;

Default Value: 

  • normal

Property:
Normal: This is the default value. It sets the blending mode to normal. 

  • Syntax: 
background-blend-mode: normal;
  • Example: 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>background-blend-mode Property</title>
    <style>
        #myDIV {
            width: 400px;
            height: 299px;
            background-color: green;
            background-repeat: no-repeat;
            background-image:
            background-blend-mode: normal;
            background-size: contain;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div id="myDIV"></div>
</body>
 
</html>

  • Output:

Multiply: It sets the blending mode to multiply. This leads to a darker image than before.  

  • Syntax: 
background-blend-mode: multiply;
  • Example: 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>background-blend-mode Property</title>
    <style>
        #myDIV {
            width: 400px;
            height: 299px;
            background-color: green;
            background-repeat: no-repeat;
            background-image:
            background-blend-mode: multiply;
            background-size: contain;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div id="myDIV"></div>
</body>
 
</html>

  • Output: 

Screen:It sets the blending mode to screen. In this mode both image and color is inverted, multiplied and then inverted. again. 

  • Syntax: 
background-blend-mode: screen;
  • Example: 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>background-blend-mode Property</title>
    <style>
        #myDIV {
            width: 400px;
            height: 299px;
            background-color: green;
            background-repeat: no-repeat;
            background-image:
            background-blend-mode: screen;
            background-size: contain;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div id="myDIV"></div>
</body>
 
</html>

  • Output:

Darken: It sets the blending mode to darken. In this mode if the background-image is darker than the background-color then the image is replaced, otherwise, it is left as it was. 

  • Syntax: 
background-blend-mode: darken;
  • Example: 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>background-blend-mode Property</title>
    <style>
        #myDIV {
            width: 400px;
            height: 299px;
            background-color: green;
            background-repeat: no-repeat;
            background-image:
            background-blend-mode: darken;
            background-size: contain;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div id="myDIV"></div>
</body>
 
</html>

  • Output:

Lighten: It sets the blending mode to lighten. In this mode if the background-image is lighter than the background-color then the image is replaced, otherwise, it is left as it was. 

  • Syntax: 
background-blend-mode: lighten;
  • Example: 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>background-blend-mode Property</title>
    <style>
        #myDIV {
            width: 400px;
            height: 299px;
            background-color: green;
            background-repeat: no-repeat;
            background-image:
            background-blend-mode: lighten;
            background-size: contain;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div id="myDIV"></div>
</body>
 
</html>

  • Output:

Color-Dodge: It sets the blending mode to color-dodge. In this mode, the background-color is divided by the inverse of the background-image. This is very similar to the screen blend mode.  

  • Syntax: 
background-blend-mode: color-dodge;
  • Example: 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>background-blend-mode Property</title>
    <style>
        #myDIV {
            width: 400px;
            height: 299px;
            background-color: green;
            background-repeat: no-repeat;
            background-image:
            background-blend-mode: color-dodge;
            background-size: contain;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div id="myDIV"></div>
</body>
 
</html>

  • Output:

Saturation: It sets the blending mode to lighten. This mode keeps the saturation of the background-image whilst mixing the hue and luminosity of the background color. 

  • Syntax: 
background-blend-mode: saturation;
  • Example: 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>background-blend-mode Property</title>
    <style>
        #myDIV {
            width: 400px;
            height: 299px;
            background-color: green;
            background-repeat: no-repeat;
            background-image:
            background-blend-mode: saturation;
            background-size: contain;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div id="myDIV"></div>
</body>
 
</html>

  • Output:

Difference: It sets the blending mode to difference. This mode is the result by subtracting the darker color of the background-image and the background-color from the lightest one. Often the image will have very high contrast.

  • Syntax: 
background-blend-mode: difference;
  • Example: 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>background-blend-mode Property</title>
    <style>
        #myDIV {
            width: 400px;
            height: 299px;
            background-color: green;
            background-repeat: no-repeat;
            background-image:
            background-blend-mode: difference;
            background-size: contain;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div id="myDIV"></div>
</body>
 
</html>

  • Output:

Luminosity: It sets the blending mode to luminosity. In this mode, the luminosity of the top color is preserved whilst using the saturation and hue of the background-color. 

  • Syntax: 
background-blend-mode: luminosity;
  • Example: 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>background-blend-mode Property</title>
    <style>
        #myDIV {
            width: 400px;
            height: 299px;
            background-color: green;
            background-repeat: no-repeat;
            background-image:
            background-blend-mode: luminosity;
            background-size: contain;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div id="myDIV"></div>
</body>
 
</html>

  • Output:

Overlay: It sets the blending mode to overlay. In this mode, the background-color is mixed with the background-image to reflect the lightness or darkness of the backdrop.

  • Syntax: 
background-blend-mode: Overlay;
  • Example: 

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 
<head>
    <title>background-blend-mode Property</title>
    <style>
        #myDIV {
            width: 400px;
            height: 299px;
            background-color: green;
            background-repeat: no-repeat;
            background-image:
            background-blend-mode: overlay;
            background-size: contain;
        }
    </style>
</head>
 
<body>
    <div id="myDIV"></div>
</body>
 
</html>

  • Output:

Supported Browsers: The browser supported by background-blend-mode property are listed below:  

  • Google Chrome 35.0
  • Edge 79.0
  • Firefox 30.0
  • Opera 22.0
  • Apple Safari 8.0

 


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