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CSS | animation-direction Property

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  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 01 Aug, 2022
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The animation-direction property in CSS is used to define the direction of the animation. The direction of animation should be forwards, backward or in alternate cycles. 

Syntax:

animation-direction: normal|reverse|alternate|alternate-reverse|
initial|inherit;

Property Value: The animation-direction property are listed below: 

normal: This animation property play the animation forward. It is the default value.

Syntax:

animation-direction: normal; 

Example: 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>
            CSS | animation-direction Property
        </title>
        <style>
            body {
                text-align:center;
            }
            h1 {
                color:green;
            }
            h3 {
                width: 100%;
                animation-name: text;
                animation-duration: 2s;
                animation-iteration-count: infinite;
            }
            #one {
                animation-direction: normal;
            }
            @keyframes text {
                from {
                    margin-left: 60%;
                }
                to {
                    margin-left: 0%;
                }
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>
        <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
        <h2>animation-direction property</h2>
        <h3 id="one">This text is normal.</h3>
    </body>
</html>                                    

Output:

 

reverse: This animation property play the animation in the reverse direction.

Syntax:

animation-direction: reverse;

Example: 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>
            CSS | animation-direction Property
        </title>
        <style>
            body {
                text-align:center;
            }
            h1 {
                color:green;
            }
            h3 {
                width: 100%;
                animation-name: text;
                animation-duration: 2s;
                animation-iteration-count: infinite;
            }
            #one {
                animation-direction: reverse;
            }
            @keyframes text {
                from {
                    margin-left: 60%;
                }
                to {
                    margin-left: 0%;
                }
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>
        <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
        <h2>animation-direction property</h2>
        <h3 id="one">This text is reverse.</h3>
    </body>
</html>                                    

Output: 

alternate: This animation property plays the animation forwards first, and then backward.

Syntax:

animation-direction: alternate; 

Example: 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>
            CSS | animation-direction Property
        </title>
        <style>
            body {
                text-align:center;
            }
            h1 {
                color:green;
            }
            h3 {
                width: 100%;
                animation-name: text;
                animation-duration: 2s;
                animation-iteration-count: infinite;
            }
            #one {
                animation-direction: alternate;
            }
            @keyframes text {
                from {
                    margin-left: 60%;
                }
                to {
                    margin-left: 0%;
                }
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>
        <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
        <h2>animation-direction property</h2>
        <h3 id="one">This text is alternate.</h3>
    </body>
</html>                                    

Output:

 

alternate-reverse: This animation property play animation backwards first, and then forwards.

Syntax:

animation-direction: alternate-reverse;

Example: 

html




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>
            CSS | animation-direction Property
        </title>
        <style>
            body {
                text-align:center;
            }
            h1 {
                color:green;
            }
            h3 {
                width: 100%;
                animation-name: text;
                animation-duration: 2s;
                animation-iteration-count: infinite;
            }
            #one {
                animation-direction: alternate-reverse;
            }
            @keyframes text {
                from {
                    margin-left: 60%;
                }
                to {
                    margin-left: 0%;
                }
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>
        <h1>GeeksforGeeks</h1>
        <h2>animation-direction property</h2>
        <h3 id="one">This text is alternate-reverse.</h3>
    </body>
</html>                                    

Output:

 

initial: This property is used to set the animation property to its default value. 

inherit: This property is used to inherits the animation property from its parent element. 

Supported Browser: The browser supported by animation-direction property are listed below:

  • Google Chrome 43.0 and above
  • Edge 12.0 and above
  • Internet Explorer 10.0 and above
  • Firefox 16.0 and above
  • Opera 30.0 and above
  • Safari 9.0 and above

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