Prerequisite – Introduction of fork, getpid() and getppid()
Problem statement – Write a program to create one parent with three child using fork() function where each process find its Id. For example :
Output :parent 28808 28809 my id is 28807 First child 0 28810 my id is 28808 Second child 28808 0 my id is 28809 third child 0 0
Explanation – Here, we had used fork() function to create four processes one Parent and three child processes.
- An existing process can create a new one by calling the fork( ) function.
- The new process created by fork() is called the child process.
- We are using here getpid() to get the process id
- In fork() the total process created is = 2^number of fork()
Note – At some instance of time, it is not necessary that child process will execute first or parent process will be first allotted CPU, any process may get CPU assigned, at some quantum time. Moreover process id may differ during different executions.
Code 1 – Using
parent 28808 28809 my id is 28807 First child 0 28810 my id is 28808 Second child 28808 0 my id is 28809 third child 0 0
Code 2 – Using
parent 5219 5220 my id is 5217 my parentid is 5215 First child 0 5221 my id is 5219 my parentid is 1 second child 5219 0 my id is 5220 my parentid is 1 third child 0 0 my id is 5221 my parentid is 1
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