Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article

Creating Frames using Swings in Java

  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 08 Nov, 2021

Swing is a part of JFC (Java Foundation Classes). Building Graphical User Interface in Java requires the use of Swings. Swing Framework contains a large set of components that allow a high level of customization and provide rich functionalities and is used to create window-based applications. 

Java swing components are lightweight, platform-independent, provide powerful components like tables, scroll panels, buttons, lists, color chooser, etc. In this article, we’ll see how to make frames using Swings in Java. Ways to create a frame: 

Methods:

  1. By creating the object of Frame class (association)
  2. By extending Frame class (inheritance)
  3. Create a frame using Swing inside main()

Way 1: By creating the object of Frame class (association)

In this, we will see how to create a JFrame window by instantiating the JFrame class. 

Example:

Java




// Java program to create frames
// using association
 
import javax.swing.*;
public class test1
{
    JFrame frame;
 
    test1()
    {
        // creating instance of JFrame with name "first way"
        frame=new JFrame("first way");
         
        // creates instance of JButton
        JButton button = new JButton("let's see");
 
        button.setBounds(200, 150, 90, 50);
         
        // setting close operation
        frame.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
 
        // adds button in JFrame
        frame.add(button);
 
        // sets 500 width and 600 height
        frame.setSize(500, 600);
         
        // uses no layout managers
        frame.setLayout(null);
         
        // makes the frame visible
        frame.setVisible(true);
    }
     
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        new test1();
    }
}

Way 2: By extending Frame class (inheritance)

In this example, we will be inheriting JFrame class to create JFrame window and hence it won’t be required to create an instance of JFrame class explicitly. 

Example:

Java




// Java program to create a
// frame using inheritance().
 
import javax.swing.*;
 
// inheriting JFrame
public class test2 extends JFrame
{
    JFrame frame;
    test2()
    {
        setTitle("this is also a title");
 
        // create button
        JButton button = new JButton("click");
 
        button.setBounds(165, 135, 115, 55);
         
        // adding button on frame
        add(button);
 
        // setting close operation
        setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
 
        setSize(400, 500);
        setLayout(null);
        setVisible(true);
    }
     
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        new test2();
    }
}

Output:

Untitled drawing (2)



 
Note : You won’t be able to run this code on an online compiler, so I have added an image to show you the output. 
 

Way 3: Create a frame using Swing inside main()

Example 1:

Java




// Java program to create a frame
// using Swings in main().
 
import javax.swing.*;
public class Swing_example
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // creates instance of JFrame
        JFrame frame1 = new JFrame();
 
        // creates instance of JButton
        JButton button1 = new JButton("click");
        JButton button2 = new JButton("again click");
 
        // x axis, y axis, width, height
        button1.setBounds(160, 150 ,80, 80);
        button2.setBounds(190, 190, 100, 200);
 
        // adds button1 in Frame1
        frame1.add(button1);
         
        // adds button2 in Frame1
        frame1.add(button2);
 
        // 400 width and 500 height of frame1
        frame1.setSize(400, 500) ;
         
        // uses no layout managers
        frame1.setLayout(null);
         
        // makes the frame visible
        frame1.setVisible(true);
    }
}

Output: 

Untitled drawing

Note: You wont’t be able to run this code on the online compiler, so I have added an image to show you the output. 

Example 2:

Java




// Java program to create a frame
// using Swings in main().
 
import javax.swing.*;
public class Swing_example_2
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // creates instance of JFrame
        JFrame frame1 = new JFrame();
 
        // creates instance of JButton
        JButton button1 = new JButton("button1");
         
        // "button2" appears on the button
        JButton button2 = new JButton("button2");
 
        // x axis, y axis, width, height
        button1.setBounds(180, 50, 80, 80);
        button2.setBounds(180, 140, 80, 80);
 
        //adds button1 in Frame1
        frame1.add(button1);
         
        //adds button2 in Frame1
        frame1.add(button2);
 
        //400 width and 500 height of frame1
        frame1.setSize(500, 300) ;
         
        //uses no layout managers
        frame1.setLayout(null);
         
        //makes the frame visible
        frame1.setVisible(true);
    }
}

Output: 
 

Untitled drawing (1)

Note : You wont’t be able to run this code on an online compiler, so I have added an image to show you the output. 

This article is contributed by Shitij Chawla. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks. Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above.


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!