Creating Azure Timer Trigger Function using VScode
Pre-requisite: Azure, Azure Functions
Azure Timer Trigger Functions are a type of Azure Function that runs on a pre-defined schedule. This schedule is defined using a CRON expression, which is a string that specifies when the function should be executed. For example, a CRON expression of “0 0 * * * *” would cause the function to run every hour on the hour. Azure timer trigger functions are commonly used for tasks that need to be performed on a regular schedule, such as sending out reminders or cleaning up old data.
Before getting started, make sure you have the following installed:
- An Azure account
- The Azure Functions extension for VSCode
- The Azure Functions Core Tools
Steps to Create Azure Timer Trigger Function
Step 1: Create a new Azure Functions Project
To create a new Azure Functions project in VSCode, open the command palette and type in “Azure Functions: Create New Project”. This will open up a wizard that will guide you through the process of creating a new project.
Select an empty folder in which you want to create the project.
Step 2: Select a language. We will Select Python language for this article to implement the time trigger function. You can choose any language of your choice.
Step 3: Select an Interpreter for the Project
Step 4: Select the Timer Trigger template for your project.
Step 5: Give an appropriate name to the timer trigger function. In my case, the name is “Demo-timer-trigger”
Step 6: Enter a CRON expression in order to specify the schedule.
This is the configuration step for your timer trigger function. The configuration is done using a CRON expression, which specifies the schedule on which the function should be triggered.
In Azure, timer trigger functions use a CRON expression to specify when they should run. A CRON expression is a string that consists of six or seven fields separated by whitespace. These fields represent a time schedule, with each field representing a different part of the schedule.
* * * * * * | | | | | | | | | | | +--- day of week (0 - 6) (Sunday to Saturday) | | | | +----- month (1 - 12) | | | +------- day of month (1 - 31) | | +--------- hour (0 - 23) | +----------- minute (0 - 59) +------------- second (0 - 59)
Step 7: Select the “Add to workspace” option.
Once you follow these steps you will get the default timer trigger template created along with the required files.
Step 8: In order to run the default timer trigger function press the F5 key or go to the Run option and press “Start Debugging“.
Step 9: A prompt will pop up asking “Select Storage Account“.
Select the storage account if you have any else you have to create one storage account. Follow this blog to create a new storage account on the Azure Platform.
After selecting an appropriate storage account, the function will start running and should give the output below:
Once you have written the function code, you can deploy it to Azure by right-clicking on the project in the Explorer pane and selecting “Deploy to Function App”. This will open up a wizard that will guide you through the process of creating a new Function App in Azure and deploying your function to it.
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