Creating and Using Serializers – Django REST Framework
To check how to setup Django RESt Framework and create a API visit – How to Create a basic API using Django Rest Framework ?
Creating a basic Serializer
To create a basic serializer one needs to import serializers class from rest_framework and define fields for a serializer just like creating a form or model in Django.
This way one can declare serializer for any particular entity or object based on fields required. Serializers can be used to serialize as well as deserialize the data.
Using Serializer to serialize data
One can now use CommentSerializer to serialize a comment, or list of comments. Again, using the Serializer class looks a lot like using a Form class. Let’s create a Comment class first to create a object of type comment that can be understood by our serializer.
Now that our object is ready, let’s try serializing this comment object. Run following command,
Python manage.py shell
Now run the following code
# import comment serializer >>> from apis.serializers import CommentSerializer # import datetime for date and time >>> from datetime import datetime # create a object >>> class Comment(object): ... def __init__(self, email, content, created=None): ... self.email = email ... self.content = content ... self.created = created or datetime.now() ... # create a comment object >>> comment = Comment(firstname.lastname@example.org', content='foo bar') # serialize the data >>> serializer = CommentSerializer(comment) # print serialized data >>> serializer.data
Now let’s check output for this,
We can convert this data to JSON or XML format using Python’s inbuilt functions or rest framework’s parsers.
Using Serializer to deserialize data
Deserialization is similar to Serialization. It means to convert the data from JSON format to a given data type. First we parse a stream into Python native datatypes… (define which datatype to deserialize to….)
First we need to convert this json data back to data that can be understood by the serializer for deserializing,
and Now let’s deserialize the data back to its original state
Let’s check output and if data has been deserialized –
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