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Creating a table in Cassandra

  • Last Updated : 28 Apr, 2020

In this article, we are going to discuss how we can create a table in Cassandra and also discuss column definitions, keys role, Table options (compact storage and clustering order), etc.

In Cassandra, the CQL table has a name and it stores rows. when you create a table, you define the columns for the rows, a mandatory primary key to identify each row, column data type, and any other additional you may choose.

To create a table used “creating a table” statement given below as following.

The following is a typical table creation statement.

Syntax: Creating a Table.

CREATE TABLE [ IF NOT EXISTS ] table_name
'('
column_definition
( ', ' column_definition )*
[ ', ' PRIMARY KEY '(' primary_key ')' ]
')' [ WITH table_options ] 

Now, here you can use any existing keyspace such as named App_data.



use App_data;

Now, you can create table User_data in which Name, id, address are the fields in the table.

CREATE TABLE User_data (
                Name text,
                id uuid,
                address text,
                PRIMARY KEY (id)
               ); 

Now, you can verify the table whether it is created or not, and if it is created then verify the table definition.
By using existing keyspace such as App_data.

cassandra@cqlsh> use App_data;
cassandra@cqlsh:app_data> 

cassandra@cqlsh:app_data> CREATE TABLE User_data (
 ...                 id uuid,
 ...                 Name text,
 ...                 address text,
 ...                 PRIMARY KEY (id)
 ...                ); 

In Cassandra, A primary key consists of the first column or columns is the mandatory partition key, followed by one or more clustering columns.

COLUMN_DEFINITION
In Cassandra, a column_definition clause consists of the name of the column and its type, as well as two modifiers.

Static: In Cassandra, a static column has the same value for all rows that share the same partition key (explained in a little bit). Of course, only non-primary keys can be static.

Primary key: A primary key uniquely identifies a row, and It is a good practice all tables must define a primary key.

Now, here you can verify the created table User_data.

cassandra@cqlsh:app_data> describe User_data;

CREATE TABLE app_data.user_data (
    id uuid PRIMARY KEY,
    address text,
    name text
) WITH bloom_filter_fp_chance = 0.01
    AND caching = {'keys': 'ALL', 'rows_per_partition': 'NONE'}
    AND comment = ''
    AND compaction = 
         {
         'class': 'org.apache.cassandra.db.compaction
                       .SizeTieredCompactionStrategy', 
         'max_threshold': '32', 'min_threshold': '4'
         }
    AND compression = {'chunk_length_in_kb': '64', 
                       'class': 'org.apache.cassandra.io
                                  .compress.LZ4Compressor'}
    AND crc_check_chance = 1.0
    AND dclocal_read_repair_chance = 0.1
    AND default_time_to_live = 0
    AND gc_grace_seconds = 864000
    AND max_index_interval = 2048
    AND memtable_flush_period_in_ms = 0
    AND min_index_interval = 128
    AND read_repair_chance = 0.0
    AND speculative_retry = '99PERCENTILE'; 
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