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Creating a simple browser using PyQt5

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In this article we will see how we can create a simple browser using PyQt5.

Web browser is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web. When a user requests a web page from a particular website, the web browser retrieves the necessary content from a web server and then displays the page on the screen.

PyQt5 is cross-platform GUI toolkit, a set of python bindings for Qt v5. One can develop an interactive desktop application with so much ease because of the tools and simplicity provided by this library.

GUI Implementation steps : 
1. Create a main window 
2. Create a QWebEngineView object and add it as the central widget to the main window 
3. Add Status bar to the main window 
4. Create a toolbar and add navigation button and the line edit to show the url, below is hot the toolbar will look like

Back-End Implementation Steps : 
1. Add update url action to QWebEngineView object when url is changed. 
2. Inside the update url action change the url of url bar and change cursor position 
3. Add another update title action to the QWebEngineView object when loading is finished 
4. Inside the update title method update the title of the window as the page title 
5. Add actions to the navigation buttons using the build-in functions of the QWebEngineView object for reload, back, stop and forward buttons 
6. Add action to the home button and inside the action change the url to 
7. Add action to the line edit when return key is pressed 
8. Inside the line edit action get the text and convert this text to the QUrl object and set the scheme if it is null and set this url to the QWebEngineView object

Below is the implementation  


# importing required libraries
from PyQt5.QtCore import *
from PyQt5.QtWidgets import *
from PyQt5.QtGui import *
from PyQt5.QtWebEngineWidgets import *
from PyQt5.QtPrintSupport import *
import os
import sys
# creating main window class
class MainWindow(QMainWindow):
    # constructor
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        super(MainWindow, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
        # creating a QWebEngineView
        self.browser = QWebEngineView()
        # setting default browser url as google
        # adding action when url get changed
        # adding action when loading is finished
        # set this browser as central widget or main window
        # creating a status bar object
        self.status = QStatusBar()
        # adding status bar to the main window
        # creating QToolBar for navigation
        navtb = QToolBar("Navigation")
        # adding this tool bar tot he main window
        # adding actions to the tool bar
        # creating a action for back
        back_btn = QAction("Back", self)
        # setting status tip
        back_btn.setStatusTip("Back to previous page")
        # adding action to the back button
        # making browser go back
        # adding this action to tool bar
        # similarly for forward action
        next_btn = QAction("Forward", self)
        next_btn.setStatusTip("Forward to next page")
        # adding action to the next button
        # making browser go forward
        # similarly for reload action
        reload_btn = QAction("Reload", self)
        reload_btn.setStatusTip("Reload page")
        # adding action to the reload button
        # making browser to reload
        # similarly for home action
        home_btn = QAction("Home", self)
        home_btn.setStatusTip("Go home")
        # adding a separator in the tool bar
        # creating a line edit for the url
        self.urlbar = QLineEdit()
        # adding action when return key is pressed
        # adding this to the tool bar
        # adding stop action to the tool bar
        stop_btn = QAction("Stop", self)
        stop_btn.setStatusTip("Stop loading current page")
        # adding action to the stop button
        # making browser to stop
        # showing all the components
    # method for updating the title of the window
    def update_title(self):
        title =
        self.setWindowTitle("% s - Geek Browser" % title)
    # method called by the home action
    def navigate_home(self):
        # open the google
    # method called by the line edit when return key is pressed
    def navigate_to_url(self):
        # getting url and converting it to QUrl object
        q = QUrl(self.urlbar.text())
        # if url is scheme is blank
        if q.scheme() == "":
            # set url scheme to html
        # set the url to the browser
    # method for updating url
    # this method is called by the QWebEngineView object
    def update_urlbar(self, q):
        # setting text to the url bar
        # setting cursor position of the url bar
# creating a pyQt5 application
app = QApplication(sys.argv)
# setting name to the application
app.setApplicationName("Geek Browser")
# creating a main window object
window = MainWindow()
# loop

Output : 


Last Updated : 12 Jan, 2022
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