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Create Table Using Tkinter
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 21 Apr, 2020

Python offers multiple options for developing a GUI (Graphical User Interface). Out of all the GUI methods, Tkinter is the most commonly used method. It is a standard Python interface to the Tk GUI toolkit shipped with Python. Python with Tkinter is the fastest and easiest way to create GUI applications. Creating a GUI using Tkinter is an easy task.

Note: For more information, refer to Python GUI – tkinter

Creating Tables Using Tkinter

A table is useful to display data in the form of rows and columns. Unfortunately, Tkinter does not provide a Table widget to create a table. But we can create a table using alternate methods. For example, we can make a table by repeatedly displaying entry widgets in the form of rows and columns.

To create a table with five rows and four columns we can use two for loops as:

for i in range(5):
    for j in range(4):

Inside these loops, we have to create an Entry widget by creating an object of Entry class, as:



e = Entry(root, width=20, fg='blue', font=('Arial', 16, 'bold')

Now, we need logic to place this Entry widget in rows and columns. This can be done by using grid() method to which we can pass row and column positions, as:

# here i and j indicate 
# row and column positions
e.grid(row=i, column=j)

We can insert data into the Entry widget using insert() method, as:

e.insert(END, data)

Here, ‘END’ indicates that the data continuous to append at the end of previous data in the Entry widget.

This is the logic that is used in the program given below using the data that is coming from a list. We have taken a list containing 5 tuples and each tuple contains four values which indicate student id, name, city and age.

Hence, we will have a table with 5 rows and 4 columns in each row. This program can also be applied on data coming from a database to display the entire data in the form of a table.

Source Code:




# Python program to create a table
   
from tkinter import *
  
  
class Table:
      
    def __init__(self,root):
          
        # code for creating table
        for i in range(total_rows):
            for j in range(total_columns):
                  
                self.e = Entry(root, width=20, fg='blue',
                               font=('Arial',16,'bold'))
                  
                self.e.grid(row=i, column=j)
                self.e.insert(END, lst[i][j])
  
# take the data
lst = [(1,'Raj','Mumbai',19),
       (2,'Aaryan','Pune',18),
       (3,'Vaishnavi','Mumbai',20),
       (4,'Rachna','Mumbai',21),
       (5,'Shubham','Delhi',21)]
   
# find total number of rows and
# columns in list
total_rows = len(lst)
total_columns = len(lst[0])
   
# create root window
root = Tk()
t = Table(root)
root.mainloop()

Output:
python-table-using-tkinter

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