Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
Save Article
Like Article

C++ Program to Count rotations divisible by 4

  • Last Updated : 06 Jan, 2022

Given a large positive number as string, count all rotations of the given number which are divisible by 4. 

Examples: 

Input: 8
Output: 1

Input: 20
Output: 1
Rotation: 20 is divisible by 4
          02 is not divisible by 4

Input : 13502
Output : 0
No rotation is divisible by 4

Input : 43292816
Output : 5
5 rotations are : 43292816, 16432928, 81643292
                  92816432, 32928164 

For large numbers it is difficult to rotate and divide each number by 4. Therefore, ‘divisibility by 4’ property is used which says that a number is divisible by 4 if the last 2 digits of the number is divisible by 4. Here we do not actually rotate the number and check last 2 digits for divisibility, instead we count consecutive pairs (in circular way) which are divisible by 4. 

Illustration:  

Consider a number 928160
Its rotations are 928160, 092816, 609281, 160928, 
    816092, 281609.
Now form pairs from the original number 928160
as mentioned in the approach.
Pairs: (9,2), (2,8), (8,1), (1,6), 
         (6,0), (0,9)
We can observe that the 2-digit number formed by the these 
pairs, i.e., 92, 28, 81, 16, 60, 09, are present in the last
2 digits of some rotation.
Thus, checking divisibility of these pairs gives the required
number of rotations. 

Note: A single digit number can directly
be checked for divisibility.

Below is the implementation of the approach. 

C++




// C++ program to count all rotation divisible
// by 4.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// Returns count of all rotations divisible
// by 4
int countRotations(string n)
{
    int len = n.length();
  
    // For single digit number
    if (len == 1)
    {
        int oneDigit = n.at(0)-'0';
        if (oneDigit%4 == 0)
            return 1;
        return 0;
    }
  
    // At-least 2 digit number (considering all
    // pairs)
    int twoDigit, count = 0;
    for (int i=0; i<(len-1); i++)
    {
        twoDigit = (n.at(i)-'0')*10 + (n.at(i+1)-'0');
        if (twoDigit%4 == 0)
            count++;
    }
  
    // Considering the number formed by the pair of
    // last digit and 1st digit
    twoDigit = (n.at(len-1)-'0')*10 + (n.at(0)-'0');
    if (twoDigit%4 == 0)
        count++;
  
    return count;
}
  
//Driver program
int main()
{
    string n = "4834";
    cout << "Rotations: " << countRotations(n) << endl;
    return 0;
}

Output: 

Rotations: 2

Time Complexity : O(n) where n is number of digits in input number.

Please refer complete article on Count rotations divisible by 4 for more details!


My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :

Start Your Coding Journey Now!