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C++ Program to Check if it is possible to sort the array after rotating it

  • Last Updated : 03 Mar, 2022

Given an array of size N, the task is to determine whether its possible to sort the array or not by just one shuffle. In one shuffle, we can shift some contiguous elements from the end of the array and place it in the front of the array.
For eg: 
 

  1. A = {2, 3, 1, 2}, we can shift {1, 2} from the end of the array to the front of the array to sort it.
  2. A = {1, 2, 3, 2} since we cannot sort it in one shuffle hence it’s not possible to sort the array.

Examples: 
 

Input: arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 4} 
Output: Possible 
Since this array is already sorted hence no need for shuffle.

Input: arr[] = {6, 8, 1, 2, 5}
Output: Possible
Place last three elements at the front 
in the same order i.e. {1, 2, 5, 6, 8}

 

Approach: 
 

  1. Check if the array is already sorted or not. If yes return true.
  2. Else start traversing the array elements until the current element is smaller than next element. Store that index where arr[i] > arr[i+1].
  3. Traverse from that point and check if from that index elements are in increasing order or not.
  4. If above both conditions satisfied then check if last element is smaller than or equal to the first element of given array.
  5. Print “Possible” if above three conditions satisfied else print “Not possible” if any of the above 3 conditions failed.

Below is the implementation of above approach: 
 

C++




// C++ implementation of above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to check if it is possible
bool isPossible(int a[], int n)
{
    // step 1
    if (is_sorted(a, a + n)) {
        cout << "Possible" << endl;
    }
 
    else {
 
        // break where a[i] > a[i+1]
        bool flag = true;
        int i;
        for (i = 0; i < n - 1; i++) {
            if (a[i] > a[i + 1]) {
                break;
            }
        }
        // break point + 1
        i++;
 
        // check whether the sequence is
        // further increasing or not
        for (int k = i; k < n - 1; k++) {
            if (a[k] > a[k + 1]) {
                flag = false;
                break;
            }
        }
 
        // If not increasing after break point
        if (!flag)
            return false;
 
        else {
 
            // last element <= First element
            if (a[n - 1] <= a[0])
                return true;
 
            else
                return false;
        }
    }
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
 
    int arr[] = { 3, 1, 2, 2, 3 };
    int n = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
 
    if (isPossible(arr, n))
        cout << "Possible";
 
    else
        cout << "Not Possible";
 
    return 0;
}
Output: 
Possible

 

Time Complexity: O(n)

Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Please refer complete article on Check if it is possible to sort the array after rotating it for more details!
 


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