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C++ Program For Finding Length Of A Linked List

  • Last Updated : 27 Dec, 2021

Write a function to count the number of nodes in a given singly linked list.

linkedlist_find_length

For example, the function should return 5 for linked list 1->3->1->2->1.

Iterative Solution: 

1) Initialize count as 0 
2) Initialize a node pointer, current = head.
3) Do following while current is not NULL
     a) current = current -> next
     b) count++;
4) Return count 

Following is the Iterative implementation of the above algorithm to find the count of nodes in a given singly linked list.

C++




// Iterative C++ program to find length 
// or count of nodes in a linked list 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// Link list node
class Node 
    public:
    int data; 
    Node* next; 
}; 
  
/* Given a reference (pointer to pointer)
   to the head of a list and an int, push 
   a new node on the front of the list. */
void push(Node** head_ref, int new_data) 
    // Allocate node
    Node* new_node =new Node();
  
    // Put in the data
    new_node->data = new_data; 
  
    // Link the old list off the 
    // new node
    new_node->next = (*head_ref); 
  
    // Move the head to point to 
    // the new node
    (*head_ref) = new_node; 
  
// Counts no. of nodes in linked list
int getCount(Node* head) 
    // Initialize count 
    int count = 0; 
  
    // Initialize current 
    Node* current = head;
    while (current != NULL) 
    
        count++; 
        current = current->next; 
    
    return count; 
  
// Driver code
int main() 
    // Start with the empty list
    Node* head = NULL; 
  
    // Use push() to construct list 
    // 1->2->1->3->1
    push(&head, 1); 
    push(&head, 3); 
    push(&head, 1); 
    push(&head, 2); 
    push(&head, 1); 
  
    // Check the count function
    cout << "count of nodes is " << 
             getCount(head); 
    return 0; 
  
// This is code is contributed by rathbhupendra

Output: 

count of nodes is 5

Recursive Solution: 

int getCount(head)
1) If head is NULL, return 0.
2) Else return 1 + getCount(head->next) 

Following is the Recursive implementation of the above algorithm to find the count of nodes in a given singly linked list.

C++




// Recursive C++ program to find length
// or count of nodes in a linked list
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// Link list node
class Node 
{
    public:
    int data;
    Node* next;
};
  
/* Given a reference (pointer to pointer) 
   to the head of a list and an int, 
   push a new node on the front of the list. */
void push(Node** head_ref, int new_data)
{
    // Allocate node 
    Node* new_node = new Node();
  
    // Put in the data
    new_node->data = new_data;
  
    // Link the old list off the 
    // new node 
    new_node->next = (*head_ref);
  
    // Move the head to point to 
    // the new node
    (*head_ref) = new_node;
}
  
// Recursively count number of 
// nodes in linked list 
int getCount(Node* head)
{
    // Base Case
    if (head == NULL) 
    {
        return 0;
    }
    // Count this node plus the rest 
    // of the list
    else 
    {
        return 1 + getCount(head->next);
    }
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    // Start with the empty list
    Node* head = NULL;
  
    // Use push() to construct list
    // 1->2->1->3->1
    push(&head, 1);
    push(&head, 3);
    push(&head, 1);
    push(&head, 2);
    push(&head, 1);
  
    // Check the count function
    cout << "Count of nodes is " << 
             getCount(head);
    return 0;
}
// This is code is contributed by rajsanghavi9

Output: 

Count of nodes is 5

Please refer complete article on Find Length of a Linked List (Iterative and Recursive) for more details!


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