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Count the number of days of a specific month using NumPy

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  • Last Updated : 02 Dec, 2020
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In order to count the number of days of a specific month, we will be using numpy.datetime64() method of numpy module.

Examples:

Input: month = 2; year = 2016
Output: 29 days

Input: month = 12; year = 2020
Output: 31 days

Let us assume the month whose number of days we want to count be P and the next month is N. We will subtract the first date of the month P from the first date of the month N. Implementing this in numpy.datetime64() method.

Syntax:

For all months except December:

numpy.datetime64('yyyy-N-01') - numpy.datetime64(yyyy-P-01')

For December:

numpy.datetime64('yyyy-P-31') - numpy.datetime64(yyyy-P-01') + 1

Below are various examples which depict how to count the number of days of a specific month using numpy module:

Example #1:

In this example, we will find the number of days in the month of February of the year 2016.

Python3




# import module
import numpy
  
  
# explicit function to calculate
# number of days
def calcDays(month, year):
    date = 0
  
    # December case
    if month == 12:
        end = str(year)+'-'+str(month)+'-31'
        begin = str(year)+'-'+str(month)+'-01'
        date = 1
    else:
  
        # single digit months
        if month < 10:
            endM = '-0'+str(month+1)
            beginM = '-0'+str(month)
  
        # double digit months
        else:
            endM = '-'+str(month+1)
            beginM = '-'+str(month)
  
        end = str(year)+endM+'-01'
        begin = str(year)+beginM+'-01'
  
    # return number of days
    return (numpy.datetime64(end) - numpy.datetime64(begin)+date)
  
  
# Driver Code
  
# get month
month = 2
  
# get year
year = 2016
  
# call the function
print(calcDays(month, year))

Output:

29 days

Example #2:

Here, we will find the number of days in the month of April of the year 2001.

Python3




# import module
import numpy
  
  
# explicit function to calculate
# number of days
def calcDays(month, year):
    date = 0
  
    # December case
    if month == 12:
        end = str(year)+'-'+str(month)+'-31'
        begin = str(year)+'-'+str(month)+'-01'
        date = 1
    else:
  
        # single digit months
        if month < 10:
            endM = '-0'+str(month+1)
            beginM = '-0'+str(month)
  
        # double digit months
        else:
            endM = '-'+str(month+1)
            beginM = '-'+str(month)
  
        end = str(year)+endM+'-01'
        begin = str(year)+beginM+'-01'
  
    # return number of days
    return (numpy.datetime64(end) - numpy.datetime64(begin)+date)
  
  
# Driver Code
  
# get month
month = 4
  
# get year
year = 2001
  
# call the function
print(calcDays(month, year))

Output:

30 days

Example #3:

In the below program, we will find the number of days in the month of December of the year 2021.

Python3




# import module
import numpy
  
  
# explicit function to calculate
# number of days
def calcDays(month, year):
    date = 0
  
    # December case
    if month == 12:
        end = str(year)+'-'+str(month)+'-31'
        begin = str(year)+'-'+str(month)+'-01'
        date = 1
    else:
  
        # single digit months
        if month < 10:
            endM = '-0'+str(month+1)
            beginM = '-0'+str(month)
  
        # double digit months
        else:
            endM = '-'+str(month+1)
            beginM = '-'+str(month)
  
        end = str(year)+endM+'-01'
        begin = str(year)+beginM+'-01'
  
    # return number of days
    return (numpy.datetime64(end) - numpy.datetime64(begin)+date)
  
  
# Driver Code
  
# get month
month = 12
  
# get year
year = 2021
  
# call the function
print(calcDays(month, year))

Output:

31 days

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