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Count of strings with frequency of each character at most K

  • Last Updated : 06 Dec, 2021

Given an array arr[] containing N strings and an integer K, the task is to find the count of strings with the frequency of each character at most K

Examples:

Input: arr[] = { “abab”, “derdee”, “erre” }, K = 2
Output: 2
Explanation: Strings with character frequency at most 2 are “abab”, “erre”. Hence count is 2

Input: arr[] = {“ag”, “ka”, “nanana”}, K = 3 
Output: 1

 

Approach: The idea is to traverse the array of strings, and for each string create a frequency map of characters. Wherever any character has a frequency greater than K, skip the current string. Otherwise, if no character has a frequency more than K, increment the count of answer. Print the count stored in the answer when all the strings are traversed. Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  • Define a function isDuogram(string s, int K) and perform the following tasks:
    • Initialize the vector freq[26] with values 0.
    • Traverse over the string s using the variable c and perform the following tasks:
      • Increase the count of freq by 1.
    • Iterate over the range [0. 26) using the variable i and perform the following tasks:
      • If freq[i] is greater than K then return false.
    • After performing the above steps, return true as the answer.
  • Initialize the variable ans as 0 to store the answer.
  • Traverse over the array arr[] using the variable x and perform the following tasks:
    • Call the function isDuogram(x, K) and if the function returns true then increase the count of ans by 1.
  • After performing the above steps, print the value of ans as the answer.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to check if a string
// is an duogram or not
bool isDuogram(string s, int K)
{
 
    // Array to store the frequency
    // of characters
    vector<int> freq(26, 0);
 
    // Count the frequency
    for (char c : s) {
        freq++;
    }
 
    // Check if the frequency is greater
    // than K or not
    for (int i = 0; i < 26; i++)
        if (freq[i] > K)
            return false;
 
    return true;
}
 
// Function to check if array arr contains
// all duograms or not
int countDuograms(vector<string>& arr, int K)
{
 
    // Store the answer
    int ans = 0;
 
    // Traverse the strings
    for (string x : arr) {
 
        // Check the condition
        if (isDuogram(x, K)) {
            ans++;
        }
    }
 
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    vector<string> arr = { "abab", "derdee", "erre" };
    int K = 2;
 
    cout << countDuograms(arr, K);
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
class GFG{
 
// Function to check if a String
// is an duogram or not
static boolean isDuogram(String s, int K)
{
 
    // Array to store the frequency
    // of characters
   int []freq = new int[26];
 
    // Count the frequency
    for (char c : s.toCharArray()) {
        freq++;
    }
 
    // Check if the frequency is greater
    // than K or not
    for (int i = 0; i < 26; i++)
        if (freq[i] > K)
            return false;
 
    return true;
}
 
// Function to check if array arr contains
// all duograms or not
static int countDuograms(String[] arr, int K)
{
 
    // Store the answer
    int ans = 0;
 
    // Traverse the Strings
    for (String x : arr) {
 
        // Check the condition
        if (isDuogram(x, K)) {
            ans++;
        }
    }
 
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    String []arr = { "abab", "derdee", "erre" };
    int K = 2;
 
    System.out.print(countDuograms(arr, K));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar

Python3




# Python program for the above approach
 
# Function to check if a string
# is an duogram or not
def isDuogram (s, K) :
    # Array to store the frequency
    # of characters
    freq = [0] * 26
 
    # Count the frequency
    for c in s:
        freq[ord(c) - ord("a")] += 1
 
    # Check if the frequency is greater
    # than K or not
    for i in range(26):
        if (freq[i] > K):
            return False
    return True
 
 
# Function to check if array arr contains
# all duograms or not
def countDuograms  (arr, K) :
   
    # Store the answer
    ans = 0
    # Traverse the strings
    for x in arr:
        # Check the condition
        if (isDuogram(x, K)):
            ans += 1
    return ans
 
 
# Driver Code
arr = ["abab", "derdee", "erre"]
K = 2
 
print(countDuograms(arr, K))
 
# This code is contributed by Saurabh Jaiswal

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
class GFG
{
 
    // Function to check if a String
    // is an duogram or not
    static bool isDuogram(String s, int K)
    {
 
        // Array to store the frequency
        // of characters
        int[] freq = new int[26];
 
        // Count the frequency
        foreach (char c in s.ToCharArray())
        {
            freq[(int)c - (int)'a']++;
        }
 
        // Check if the frequency is greater
        // than K or not
        for (int i = 0; i < 26; i++)
            if (freq[i] > K)
                return false;
 
        return true;
    }
 
    // Function to check if array arr contains
    // all duograms or not
    static int countDuograms(String[] arr, int K)
    {
 
        // Store the answer
        int ans = 0;
 
        // Traverse the Strings
        foreach (String x in arr)
        {
 
            // Check the condition
            if (isDuogram(x, K))
            {
                ans++;
            }
        }
 
        return ans;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main()
    {
        String[] arr = { "abab", "derdee", "erre" };
        int K = 2;
 
        Console.Write(countDuograms(arr, K));
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by gfgking

Javascript




<script>
    // JavaScript program for the above approach
 
    // Function to check if a string
    // is an duogram or not
    const isDuogram = (s, K) => {
 
        // Array to store the frequency
        // of characters
        let freq = new Array(26).fill(0);
 
        // Count the frequency
        for (let c in s) {
            freq[s.charCodeAt(c) - "a".charCodeAt(0)]++;
        }
 
        // Check if the frequency is greater
        // than K or not
        for (let i = 0; i < 26; i++)
            if (freq[i] > K)
                return false;
 
        return true;
    }
 
    // Function to check if array arr contains
    // all duograms or not
    const countDuograms = (arr, K) => {
 
        // Store the answer
        let ans = 0;
 
        // Traverse the strings
        for (let x in arr) {
 
            // Check the condition
            if (isDuogram(arr[x], K)) {
                ans++;
            }
        }
 
        return ans;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    let arr = ["abab", "derdee", "erre"];
    let K = 2;
 
    document.write(countDuograms(arr, K));
 
    // This code is contributed by rakeshsahni
 
</script>
Output
2

Time Complexity: O(N*M), where N is the size of the array and M is the size of the longest string
Auxiliary Space: O(1)




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