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Count of pairs of (i, j) such that ((n % i) % j) % n is maximized
  • Last Updated : 15 Feb, 2019

Given an integer n, the task is to count the number of pairs (i, j) such that ((n % i) % j) % n is maximized where 1 ≤ i, j ≤ n

Examples:

Input: n = 5
Output: 3
(3, 3), (3, 4) and (3, 5) are the only valid pairs.

Input: n = 55
Output: 28

Naive Approach: To obtain the maximum remainder value, n has to be divided by (n / 2) + 1. Store max = n % ((n / 2) + 1), now check for all possible values of i and j. If ((n % i) % j) % n = max then update count = count + 1. Print the count in the end.

C++






// CPP implementation of the approach
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// Function to return the count of required pairs
int countPairs(int n)
{
    // Number which will give the max value
    // for ((n % i) % j) % n
    int num = ((n / 2) + 1);
      
    // To store the maximum possible value of
    // ((n % i) % j) % n
    int max = n % num;
  
    // To store the count of possible pairs
    int count = 0;
  
    // Check all possible pairs
    for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++) 
    {
        for (int j = 1; j <= n; j++)
        {
  
            // Calculating the value of ((n % i) % j) % n
            int val = ((n % i) % j) % n;
  
            // If value is equal to maximum
            if (val == max)
                count++;
        }
    }
  
    // Return the number of possible pairs
    return count;
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int n = 5;
    cout << (countPairs(n));
}
  
// This code is contributed by 
// Surendra_Gangwar


Java




// Java implementation of the approach
class GFG {
  
    // Function to return the count of required pairs
    public static int countPairs(int n)
    {
        // Number which will give the max value
        // for ((n % i) % j) % n
        int num = ((n / 2) + 1);
  
        // To store the maximum possible value of
        // ((n % i) % j) % n
        int max = n % num;
  
        // To store the count of possible pairs
        int count = 0;
  
        // Check all possible pairs
        for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++) {
            for (int j = 1; j <= n; j++) {
  
                // Calculating the value of ((n % i) % j) % n
                int val = ((n % i) % j) % n;
  
                // If value is equal to maximum
                if (val == max)
                    count++;
            }
        }
  
        // Return the number of possible pairs
        return count;
    }
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int n = 5;
        System.out.println(countPairs(n));
    }
}


Python3




# Python3 implementation of the approach
  
# Function to return the count of 
# required pairs
def countPairs(n):
  
    # Number which will give the Max 
    # value for ((n % i) % j) % n
    num = ((n // 2) + 1)
      
    # To store the Maximum possible value 
    # of ((n % i) % j) % n
    Max = n % num
  
    # To store the count of possible pairs
    count = 0
  
    # Check all possible pairs
    for i in range(1, n + 1):
      
        for j in range(1, n + 1):
  
            # Calculating the value of
            # ((n % i) % j) % n
            val = ((n % i) % j) % n
  
            # If value is equal to Maximum
            if (val == Max):
                count += 1
          
    # Return the number of possible pairs
    return count
  
# Driver code
n = 5
print(countPairs(n))
  
# This code is contributed
# by Mohit Kumar


C#




// C# implementation of the above approach 
using System;
  
class GFG
  
// Function to return the count of required pairs 
static int countPairs(int n) 
    // Number which will give the max 
    // value for ((n % i) % j) % n 
    int num = ((n / 2) + 1) ;
  
    // To store the maximum possible value 
    // of ((n % i) % j) % n 
    int max = n % num; 
  
    // To store the count of possible pairs 
    int count = 0; 
  
    // Check all possible pairs 
    for (int i = 1; i <= n; i++) 
    
        for (int j = 1; j <= n; j++) 
        
  
            // Calculating the value of 
            // ((n % i) % j) % n 
            int val = ((n % i) % j) % n; 
  
            // If value is equal to maximum 
            if (val == max) 
                count++; 
        
    
  
    // Return the number of possible pairs 
    return count; 
  
// Driver code 
public static void Main() 
    int n = 5; 
    Console.WriteLine(countPairs(n)); 
}
  
// This code is contributed by Ryuga
  


PHP




<?php
// PHP implementation of the 
// approach Function to return 
// the count of required pairs
  
function countPairs($n)
{
    // Number which will give the max 
    // value for ((n % i) % j) % n
    $num = (($n / 2) + 1);
      
    // To store the maximum possible 
    // value of ((n % i) % j) % n
    $max = $n % $num;
  
    // To store the count of possible pairs
    $count = 0;
  
    // Check all possible pairs
    for ($i = 1; $i <= $n; $i++) 
    {
        for ($j = 1; $j <= $n; $j++)
        {
  
            // Calculating the value 
            // of ((n % i) % j) % n
            $val = (($n % $i) % $j) % $n;
  
            // If value is equal to maximum
            if ($val == $max)
                $count++;
        }
    }
  
    // Return the number of possible pairs
    return $count;
}
  
// Driver code
    $n = 5;
    echo (countPairs($n));
  
// This code is contributed by ajit..
?>


Output:

3

Time Complexity: O(n2)

Efficient Approach: Get the maximum value for remainder i.e. max = n % num where num = ((n / 2) + 1). Now i has to be chosen as num in order to obtain the maximum value and j can be chosen as any value from the range [max, n] because we don’t need to reduce the maximum value calculated and choosing j > max will not affect the previous value obtained. So the total pairs will be n – max.
This approach will not work for n = 2. This is because, for n = 2, maximum remainder will be 0 and n – max will give 2 but we know that the answer is 4. All possible pairs in this case are (1, 1), (1, 2), (2, 1) and (2, 2).

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ implementation of the approach
#include<bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// Function to return the count of
// required pairs
int countPairs(int n)
{
  
    // Special case
    if (n == 2)
        return 4;
  
    // Number which will give the max value
    // for ((n % i) % j) % n
    int num = ((n / 2) + 1);
  
    // To store the maximum possible value 
    // of ((n % i) % j) % n
    int max = n % num;
  
    // Count of possible pairs
    int count = n - max;
  
    return count;
}
  
// Driver code
int main()
{
    int n = 5;
    cout << countPairs(n);
}
  
// This code is contributed by Code_Mech.


Java




// Java implementation of the approach
class GFG {
  
    // Function to return the count of required pairs
    public static int countPairs(int n)
    {
  
        // Special case
        if (n == 2)
            return 4;
  
        // Number which will give the max value
        // for ((n % i) % j) % n
        int num = ((n / 2) + 1);
  
        // To store the maximum possible value of
        // ((n % i) % j) % n
        int max = n % num;
  
        // Count of possible pairs
        int count = n - max;
  
        return count;
    }
  
    // Driver code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int n = 5;
        System.out.println(countPairs(n));
    }
}


Python3




# Python3 implementation of the approach
  
# Function to return the count of required pairs
def countPairs(n):
      
    # Special case
    if (n == 2):
        return 4
  
    # Number which will give the max value
    # for ((n % i) % j) % n
    num = ((n // 2) + 1);
  
    # To store the maximum possible value 
    # of ((n % i) % j) % n
    max = n % num;
  
    # Count of possible pairs
    count = n - max;
  
    return count
  
# Driver code
if __name__ =="__main__" :
  
    n = 5;
print(countPairs(n));
  
# This code is contributed by Code_Mech


C#




// C# implementation of above approach
using System;
  
class GFG
{
      
    // Function to return the count of required pairs
    static int countPairs(int n)
    {
  
        // Special case
        if (n == 2)
            return 4;
  
        // Number which will give the max value
        // for ((n % i) % j) % n
        int num = ((n / 2) + 1);
  
        // To store the maximum possible value of
        // ((n % i) % j) % n
        int max = n % num;
  
        // Count of possible pairs
        int count = n - max;
  
        return count;
    }
  
    // Driver code
    static public void Main ()
    {
            int n = 5;
        Console.WriteLine(countPairs(n));
    }
}
  
// This code is contributed by Tushil.. 


PHP




<?php
// PHP implementation of the approach
  
// Function to return the count
// of required pairs
function countPairs($n)
{
  
    // Special case
    if ($n == 2)
        return 4;
  
    // Number which will give the max 
    // value. for ((n % i) % j) % n
    $num = ((int)($n / 2) + 1);
  
    // To store the maximum possible 
    // value of((n % i) % j) % n
    $max = $n % $num;
  
    // Count of possible pairs
    $count = ($n - $max);
  
    return $count;
}
  
// Driver code
$n = 5;
echo (countPairs($n));
  
// This code is contributed by ajit
?>


Output:

3

Time Complexity: O(1)

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