Given a string str of length N. The task is to find the number of integers obtained by replacing ‘?’ with any digit such that the formed integer gives remainder 5 when it is divided by 13.
Numbers can also begin with zero. The answer can be very large, so, output answer modulo 109 + 7.
Input: str = “?44”
Only possible number is 044
Input: str = “7?4”
Input: str = “8?3?4233?4?”
Approach: Let dp[i][j] be the number of ways to create an i-digit number consistent with the first i digits of the given pattern and congruent to j modulo 13. As our base case, dp[i]=0 for i from 1 to 12, and dp=1 (as our length-zero number has value zero and thus is zero mod 13.)
Notice that appending a digit k to the end of a number that’s j mod 13 gives a number that’s congruent to 10j+k mod 13. We use this fact to perform our transitions. For every state, dp[i][j] with i < N, iterate over the possible values of k. (If s[i]=’?’, there will be ten choices for k, and otherwise, there will only be one choice.) Then, we add dp[i][j] to dp[i+1][(10j+k)%13].
To get our final answer, we can simply print dp[N].
Below is the implementation of the above approach :
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