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Count of elements in first Array greater than second Array with each element considered only once

  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 21 May, 2021

Given two sorted array of size N. The task is to find the maximum number of elements in the first array which are strictly greater than the elements of the second array such that an element can be considered only once.
Examples: 
 

Input: arr1[] = { 20, 30, 50 }, arr2[] = { 25, 40, 60 } 
Output:
Explanation: 
Maximum 2 elements 30 (30 > 25) and 50 (50 > 40) of array arr1 is grater than arr2.
Input: arr1[] = { 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 }, arr2[] = { 12, 14, 26, 32, 34, 40 } 
Output:
Explanation: 
Maximum 4 elements 15 (15 > 12), 20 (20 > 14), 30 (30 > 26) and 35 (35 > 34) of arr1 is grater than arr2. 
 

 

Approach:

  1. Compare the elements of both the arrays from index 0 one by one.
  2. If the element at the index of arr1 is greater than the element at the index of arr2 then increase the answer and the index of both arrays by 1.
  3. If the element at the index of arr1 is lesser or equal to the element at the index of arr2 then 
    increase the index of arr1.
  4. Repeat the above steps until any array’s index reaches to the last element.
  5. Print the answer

Below is the implementation of the above approach:
 



C++




// C++ program for the above approach
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find greater elements
void findMaxElements(
    int arr1[], int arr2[], int n)
{
    // Index counter for arr1
    int cnt1 = 0;
    // Index counter for arr2
    int cnt2 = 0;
    // To store the maximum elements
    int maxelements = 0;
 
    while (cnt1 < n && cnt2 < n) {
 
        // If element is greater,
        // update maxelements and counters
        // for both the arrays
        if (arr1[cnt1] > arr2[cnt2]) {
            maxelements++;
            cnt1++;
            cnt2++;
        }
        else {
            cnt1++;
        }
    }
 
    // Print the maximum elements
    cout << maxelements << endl;
}
 
int main()
{
    int arr1[] = { 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 };
    int arr2[] = { 12, 14, 26, 32, 34, 40 };
 
    int n = sizeof(arr1) / sizeof(arr1[0]);
 
    findMaxElements(arr1, arr2, n);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
class Main{    
     
// Function to find greater elements    
static void findmaxelements(int arr1[], int arr2[], int n)        
{
    // Index counter for arr1
    int cnt1 = 0;
     
    // Index counter for arr1
    int cnt2 = 0;
     
    // To store the maximum elements
    int maxelements = 0;        
         
    while(cnt1 < n && cnt2 < n)    
    {
             
        // If element is greater,
        // update maxelements and counters
        // for both the arrays
        if(arr1[cnt1] > arr2[cnt2])    
        {    
            maxelements++;    
            cnt1++;    
            cnt2++;    
        }    
        else
        {    
            cnt1++;    
        }    
    }    
     
    // Print the maximum elements
    System.out.println(maxelements);        
}
 
// Driver Code   
public static void main(String[] args)
{
         
    int arr1[] = { 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 };        
    int arr2[] = { 12, 14, 26, 32, 34, 40 };
         
    findmaxelements(arr1, arr2, arr1.length);    
}    
}    
 
// This code is contributed by divyeshrabadiya07

Python3




# Python3 program for the above approach
 
# Function to find greater elements        
def findmaxelements(arr1, arr2, n):    
     
    # Index counter for arr1    
    cnt1 = 0
     
    # Index counter for arr2
    cnt2 = 0
     
    # To store the maximum elements
    maxelements = 0   
     
    # If element is greater,
    # update maxelements and counters
    # for both the arrays
    while cnt1 < n and cnt2 < n :
         
        if arr1[cnt1] > arr2[cnt2] :    
            maxelements += 1       
            cnt1 += 1   
            cnt2 += 1
             
        else :    
            cnt1 += 1
     
    # Print the maximum elements
    print(maxelements)
     
# Driver Code   
arr1 = [ 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 ]    
arr2 = [ 12, 14, 26, 32, 34, 40 ]
 
findmaxelements(arr1, arr2, len(arr1))
 
# This code is contributed by divyeshrabadiya07

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
 
class GFG{
     
// Function to find greater elements    
static void findmaxelements(int[] arr1,
                            int[] arr2, int n)    
{
     
    // Index counter for arr1
    int cnt1 = 0;
     
    // Index counter for arr1
    int cnt2 = 0;
     
    // To store the maximum elements
    int maxelements = 0;        
         
    while(cnt1 < n && cnt2 < n)
    {
             
        // If element is greater, update
        // maxelements and counters for
        // both the arrays
        if(arr1[cnt1] > arr2[cnt2])
        {
            maxelements++;
            cnt1++;
            cnt2++;
        }
        else
        {
            cnt1++;
        }
    }
     
    // Print the maximum elements
    Console.Write(maxelements);
}
 
// Driver Code
static public void Main(string[] args)
{
         
    int[] arr1 = { 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35 };        
    int[] arr2 = { 12, 14, 26, 32, 34, 40 };
         
    findmaxelements(arr1, arr2, arr1.Length);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by rutvik_56

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript program for the above approach
 
// Function to find greater elements
function findMaxElements( arr1, arr2, n)
{
    // Index counter for arr1
    var cnt1 = 0;
     
    // Index counter for arr2
    var cnt2 = 0;
     
    // To store the maximum elements
    var maxelements = 0;
 
    while (cnt1 < n && cnt2 < n) {
 
        // If element is greater,
        // update maxelements and counters
        // for both the arrays
        if (arr1[cnt1] > arr2[cnt2]) {
            maxelements++;
            cnt1++;
            cnt2++;
        }
        else {
            cnt1++;
        }
    }
 
    // Print the maximum elements
    document.write( maxelements );
}
 
var arr1 = [10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35];
var arr2 = [12, 14, 26, 32, 34, 40];
var n = arr1.length;
findMaxElements(arr1, arr2, n);
 
// This code is contributed by rrrtnx.
</script>
Output: 
4

 

Time Complexity: O(N), where N is the length of the array. 
Space complexity: O(1)
 




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