Count numbers from range whose prime factors are only 2 and 3

Given two positive integers **L** and **R**, the task is to count the elements from the range **[L, R]** whose prime factors are only **2** and **3**.

**Examples:**

Input:L = 1, R = 10

Output:6

2 = 2

3 = 3

4 = 2 * 2

6 = 2 * 3

8 = 2 * 2 * 2

9 = 3 * 3

Input:L = 100, R = 200

Output:5

**Approach:** Start a loop from **L** to **R** and for every element **num**:

- While
**num**is divisible by**2**, divide it by**2**. - While
**num**is divisible by**3**, divide it by**3**. - If
**num = 1**then increment the**count**as**num**has only**2**and**3**as its prime factors.

Print the **count** in the end.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

`// C++ program to count the numbers within a range ` `// whose prime factors are only 2 and 3 ` `#include <bits/stdc++.h> ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` ` `// Function to count the number within a range ` `// whose prime factors are only 2 and 3 ` `int` `findTwoThreePrime(` `int` `l, ` `int` `r) ` `{ ` ` ` `// Start with 2 so that 1 doesn't get counted ` ` ` `if` `(l == 1) ` ` ` `l++; ` ` ` ` ` `int` `count = 0; ` ` ` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = l; i <= r; i++) { ` ` ` `int` `num = i; ` ` ` ` ` `// While num is divisible by 2, divide it by 2 ` ` ` `while` `(num % 2 == 0) ` ` ` `num /= 2; ` ` ` ` ` `// While num is divisible by 3, divide it by 3 ` ` ` `while` `(num % 3 == 0) ` ` ` `num /= 3; ` ` ` ` ` `// If num got reduced to 1 then it has ` ` ` `// only 2 and 3 as prime factors ` ` ` `if` `(num == 1) ` ` ` `count++; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `return` `count; ` `} ` ` ` `// Driver code ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` ` ` `int` `l = 1, r = 10; ` ` ` `cout << findTwoThreePrime(l, r); ` ` ` `return` `0; ` `} ` |

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## Java

`//Java program to count the numbers within a range ` `// whose prime factors are only 2 and 3 ` ` ` `import` `java.io.*; ` ` ` `class` `GFG { ` ` ` `// Function to count the number within a range ` `// whose prime factors are only 2 and 3 ` `static` `int` `findTwoThreePrime(` `int` `l, ` `int` `r) ` `{ ` ` ` `// Start with 2 so that 1 doesn't get counted ` ` ` `if` `(l == ` `1` `) ` ` ` `l++; ` ` ` ` ` `int` `count = ` `0` `; ` ` ` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = l; i <= r; i++) { ` ` ` `int` `num = i; ` ` ` ` ` `// While num is divisible by 2, divide it by 2 ` ` ` `while` `(num % ` `2` `== ` `0` `) ` ` ` `num /= ` `2` `; ` ` ` ` ` `// While num is divisible by 3, divide it by 3 ` ` ` `while` `(num % ` `3` `== ` `0` `) ` ` ` `num /= ` `3` `; ` ` ` ` ` `// If num got reduced to 1 then it has ` ` ` `// only 2 and 3 as prime factors ` ` ` `if` `(num == ` `1` `) ` ` ` `count++; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `return` `count; ` `} ` ` ` `// Driver code ` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `main (String[] args) { ` ` ` ` ` `int` `l = ` `1` `, r = ` `10` `; ` ` ` `System.out.println (findTwoThreePrime(l, r)); ` ` ` `} ` `//This code is contributed by ajit ` `} ` |

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## Python3

`# Python3 program to count the numbers ` `# within a range whose prime factors ` `# are only 2 and 3 ` ` ` `# Function to count the number within ` `# a range whose prime factors are only ` `# 2 and 3 ` `def` `findTwoThreePrime(l, r) : ` ` ` ` ` `# Start with 2 so that 1 ` ` ` `# doesn't get counted ` ` ` `if` `(l ` `=` `=` `1` `) : ` ` ` `l ` `+` `=` `1` ` ` ` ` `count ` `=` `0` ` ` ` ` `for` `i ` `in` `range` `(l, r ` `+` `1` `) : ` ` ` `num ` `=` `i ` ` ` ` ` `# While num is divisible by 2, ` ` ` `# divide it by 2 ` ` ` `while` `(num ` `%` `2` `=` `=` `0` `) : ` ` ` `num ` `/` `/` `=` `2` `; ` ` ` ` ` `# While num is divisible by 3, ` ` ` `# divide it by 3 ` ` ` `while` `(num ` `%` `3` `=` `=` `0` `) : ` ` ` `num ` `/` `/` `=` `3` ` ` ` ` `# If num got reduced to 1 then it has ` ` ` `# only 2 and 3 as prime factors ` ` ` `if` `(num ` `=` `=` `1` `) : ` ` ` `count ` `+` `=` `1` ` ` ` ` `return` `count ` ` ` `# Driver code ` `if` `__name__ ` `=` `=` `"__main__"` `: ` ` ` ` ` `l ` `=` `1` ` ` `r ` `=` `10` ` ` ` ` `print` `(findTwoThreePrime(l, r)) ` ` ` `# This code is contributed by Ryuga ` |

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## C#

`// C# program to count the numbers ` `// within a range whose prime factors ` `// are only 2 and 3 ` `using` `System; ` ` ` `class` `GFG ` `{ ` ` ` `// Function to count the number ` `// within a range whose prime ` `// factors are only 2 and 3 ` `static` `int` `findTwoThreePrime(` `int` `l, ` `int` `r) ` `{ ` ` ` `// Start with 2 so that 1 ` ` ` `// doesn't get counted ` ` ` `if` `(l == 1) ` ` ` `l++; ` ` ` ` ` `int` `count = 0; ` ` ` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = l; i <= r; i++) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `int` `num = i; ` ` ` ` ` `// While num is divisible by 2, ` ` ` `// divide it by 2 ` ` ` `while` `(num % 2 == 0) ` ` ` `num /= 2; ` ` ` ` ` `// While num is divisible by 3, ` ` ` `// divide it by 3 ` ` ` `while` `(num % 3 == 0) ` ` ` `num /= 3; ` ` ` ` ` `// If num got reduced to 1 then it ` ` ` `// has only 2 and 3 as prime factors ` ` ` `if` `(num == 1) ` ` ` `count++; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `return` `count; ` `} ` ` ` `// Driver code ` `static` `public` `void` `Main () ` `{ ` ` ` `int` `l = 1, r = 10; ` ` ` `Console.WriteLine(findTwoThreePrime(l, r)); ` `} ` `} ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by akt_mit ` |

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## PHP

`<?php ` `// PHP program to count the numbers ` `// within a range whose prime factors ` `// are only 2 and 3 ` ` ` `// Function to count the number ` `// within a range whose prime ` `// factors are only 2 and 3 ` `function` `findTwoThreePrime(` `$l` `, ` `$r` `) ` `{ ` ` ` `// Start with 2 so that 1 ` ` ` `// doesn't get counted ` ` ` `if` `(` `$l` `== 1) ` ` ` `$l` `++; ` ` ` ` ` `$count` `= 0; ` ` ` ` ` `for` `(` `$i` `= ` `$l` `; ` `$i` `<= ` `$r` `; ` `$i` `++) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `$num` `= ` `$i` `; ` ` ` ` ` `// While num is divisible by 2, ` ` ` `// divide it by 2 ` ` ` `while` `(` `$num` `% 2 == 0) ` ` ` `$num` `/= 2; ` ` ` ` ` `// While num is divisible by 3, ` ` ` `// divide it by 3 ` ` ` `while` `(` `$num` `% 3 == 0) ` ` ` `$num` `/= 3; ` ` ` ` ` `// If num got reduced to 1 then it has ` ` ` `// only 2 and 3 as prime factors ` ` ` `if` `(` `$num` `== 1) ` ` ` `$count` `++; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `return` `$count` `; ` `} ` ` ` `// Driver code ` `$l` `= 1; ` `$r` `= 10; ` `echo` `findTwoThreePrime(` `$l` `, ` `$r` `); ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by ajit ` `?> ` |

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**Output:**

6