Given two numbers ‘a’ and b’. Write a program to count number of bits needed to be flipped to convert ‘a’ to ‘b’.

**Example : **

Input : a = 10, b = 20 Output : 4 Binary representation of a is 00001010 Binary representation of b is 00010100 We need to flip highlighted four bits in a to make it b. Input : a = 7, b = 10 Output : 3 Binary representation of a is 00000111Binary representation of b is 00001010 We need to flip highlighted three bits in a to make it b.

1. Calculate XOR of A and B. a_xor_b = A ^ B 2. Count the set bits in the above calculated XOR result. countSetBits(a_xor_b)

XOR of two number will have set bits only at those places where A differs from B.

## C++

`// Count number of bits to be flipped ` `// to convert A into B ` `#include <iostream> ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` ` `// Function that count set bits ` `int` `countSetBits(` `int` `n) ` `{ ` ` ` `int` `count = 0; ` ` ` `while` `(n > 0) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `count++; ` ` ` `n &= (n-1); ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `return` `count; ` `} ` ` ` `// Function that return count of ` `// flipped number ` `int` `FlippedCount(` `int` `a, ` `int` `b) ` `{ ` ` ` `// Return count of set bits in ` ` ` `// a XOR b ` ` ` `return` `countSetBits(a^b); ` `} ` ` ` `// Driver code ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` ` ` `int` `a = 10; ` ` ` `int` `b = 20; ` ` ` `cout << FlippedCount(a, b)<<endl; ` ` ` `return` `0; ` `} ` |

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## Java

`// Count number of bits to be flipped ` `// to convert A into B ` `import` `java.util.*; ` ` ` `class` `Count { ` ` ` ` ` `// Function that count set bits ` ` ` `public` `static` `int` `countSetBits(` `int` `n) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `int` `count = ` `0` `; ` ` ` `while` `(n != ` `0` `) { ` ` ` `count++; ` ` ` `n &=(n-` `1` `); ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `return` `count; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `// Function that return count of ` ` ` `// flipped number ` ` ` `public` `static` `int` `FlippedCount(` `int` `a, ` `int` `b) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `// Return count of set bits in ` ` ` `// a XOR b ` ` ` `return` `countSetBits(a ^ b); ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `// Driver code ` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `int` `a = ` `10` `; ` ` ` `int` `b = ` `20` `; ` ` ` `System.out.print(FlippedCount(a, b)); ` ` ` `} ` `} ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by rishabh_jain ` |

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## Python3

`# Count number of bits to be flipped ` `# to convert A into B ` ` ` `# Function that count set bits ` `def` `countSetBits( n ): ` ` ` `count ` `=` `0` ` ` `while` `n: ` ` ` `count ` `+` `=` `1` ` ` `n &` `=` `(n` `-` `1` `) ` ` ` `return` `count ` ` ` `# Function that return count of ` `# flipped number ` `def` `FlippedCount(a , b): ` ` ` ` ` `# Return count of set bits in ` ` ` `# a XOR b ` ` ` `return` `countSetBits(a^b) ` ` ` `# Driver code ` `a ` `=` `10` `b ` `=` `20` `print` `(FlippedCount(a, b)) ` ` ` `# This code is contributed by "Sharad_Bhardwaj". ` |

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## C#

`// Count number of bits to be ` `// flipped to convert A into B ` `using` `System; ` ` ` `class` `Count { ` ` ` ` ` `// Function that count set bits ` ` ` `public` `static` `int` `countSetBits(` `int` `n) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `int` `count = 0; ` ` ` `while` `(n != 0) { ` ` ` `count++; ` ` ` `n &= (n-1); ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `return` `count; ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `// Function that return ` ` ` `// count of flipped number ` ` ` `public` `static` `int` `FlippedCount(` `int` `a, ` `int` `b) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `// Return count of set ` ` ` `// bits in a XOR b ` ` ` `return` `countSetBits(a ^ b); ` ` ` `} ` ` ` ` ` `// Driver code ` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `Main() ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `int` `a = 10; ` ` ` `int` `b = 20; ` ` ` `Console.WriteLine(FlippedCount(a, b)); ` ` ` `} ` `} ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by vt_m. ` |

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## PHP

`<?php ` `// Count number of bits to be ` `// flipped to convert A into B ` ` ` `// Function that count set bits ` `function` `countSetBits(` `$n` `) ` `{ ` ` ` `$count` `= 0; ` ` ` `while` `(` `$n` `) ` ` ` `{ ` ` ` `$count` `+= 1; ` ` ` `$n` `&= (n-1); ` ` ` `} ` ` ` `return` `$count` `; ` `} ` ` ` `// Function that return ` `// count of flipped number ` `function` `FlippedCount(` `$a` `, ` `$b` `) ` `{ ` ` ` `// Return count of set ` ` ` `// bits in a XOR b ` ` ` `return` `countSetBits(` `$a` `^ ` `$b` `); ` `} ` ` ` `// Driver code ` `$a` `= 10; ` `$b` `= 20; ` `echo` `FlippedCount(` `$a` `, ` `$b` `); ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by mits ` `?> ` |

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**Output :**

4

Thanks to **Sahil Rajput** for providing above implementation.

To get the set bit count please see this post: Count set bits in an integer

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