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Count array elements that can be represented as sum of at least two consecutive array elements

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  • Difficulty Level : Easy
  • Last Updated : 23 Jan, 2023
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Given an array A[] consisting of N integers from a range [1, N], the task is to calculate the count of array elements (non-distinct) that can be represented as the sum of two or more consecutive array elements.

Examples:

Input: a[] = {3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9, 2, 6, 5}
Output: 5
Explanation:
The array elements satisfying the condition are: 
4 = 3 + 1 
5 = 1 + 4 or 4 + 1 
9 = 3 + 1 + 4 + 1 
6 = 1 + 5 or 1 + 4 + 1 
5 = 1 + 4 or 4 + 1

Input: a[] = {1, 1, 1, 1, 1}
Output: 0
Explanation:
No such array element exists that can be represented as the sum of two or more consecutive elements.

Naive Approach: Traverse the given array for each element, find the sum of all possible subarrays and check if sum of any of the subarrays becomes equal to that of the current element. Increase count if found to be true. Finally, print the count obtained.

C++




// C++ program for above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the number of
// array elements that can be
// represented as the sum of two
// or more consecutive array elements
int countElements(int arr[], int n)
{
 
    int count = 0;
 
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        int sum = arr[i];
        bool flag = false;
 
        for (int j = 0; j < i; j++) {
            int reqSum = 0;
            for (int k = j; k < i; k++) {
                reqSum += arr[k];
                if ((k - j + 1) >= 2 && reqSum == sum) {
                    flag = true;
                    count++;
                    break;
                }
            }
            if (flag)
                break;
        }
 
        for (int j = i + 1; j < n && flag == false; j++) {
            int reqSum = 0;
            for (int k = j; k < n; k++) {
                reqSum += arr[k];
                if ((k - j + 1) >= 2 && reqSum == sum) {
                    flag = true;
                    count++;
                    break;
                }
            }
            if (flag)
                break;
        }
    }
 
    return count;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
 
    // Given array
    int a[] = { 3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9, 2, 6, 5 };
    int N = sizeof(a) / sizeof(a[0]);
 
    // Function call
    cout << countElements(a, N);
}

Java




/*package whatever //do not write package name here */
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG
{
  // Function to find the number of
  // array elements that can be
  // represented as the sum of two
  // or more consecutive array elements
  public static int countElements(int arr[], int n)
  {
 
    int count = 0;
 
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
      int sum = arr[i];
      boolean flag = false;
 
      for (int j = 0; j < i; j++) {
        int reqSum = 0;
        for (int k = j; k < i; k++) {
          reqSum += arr[k];
          if ((k - j + 1) >= 2 && reqSum == sum) {
            flag = true;
            count++;
            break;
          }
        }
        if (flag)
          break;
      }
 
      for (int j = i + 1; j < n && flag == false;
           j++) {
        int reqSum = 0;
        for (int k = j; k < n; k++) {
          reqSum += arr[k];
          if ((k - j + 1) >= 2 && reqSum == sum) {
            flag = true;
            count++;
            break;
          }
        }
        if (flag)
          break;
      }
    }
 
    return count;
  }
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
    // Given array
    int a[] = { 3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9, 2, 6, 5 };
    int N = a.length;
 
    // Function call
    System.out.println(countElements(a, N));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by sourabhdalal0001.

Python3




def countElements(arr, n):
    count = 0
    for i in range(n):
        sum_ = arr[i]
        flag = False
        for j in range(i):
            reqSum = 0
            for k in range(j, i):
                reqSum += arr[k]
                if (k - j + 1) >= 2 and reqSum == sum_:
                    flag = True
                    count += 1
                    break
            if flag:
                break
        for j in range(i + 1, n):
            reqSum = 0
            for k in range(j, n):
                reqSum += arr[k]
                if (k - j + 1) >= 2 and reqSum == sum_:
                    flag = True
                    count += 1
                    break
            if flag:
                break
    return count
 
# Given array
arr = [3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9, 2, 6, 5]
n = len(arr)
 
# Function call
print(countElements(arr, n))

C#




using System;
 
class GFG
{
 
  // Function to find the number of
  // array elements that can be
  // represented as the sum of two
  // or more consecutive array elements
  public static int countElements(int[] arr, int n)
  {
    int count = 0;
 
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
      int sum = arr[i];
      bool flag = false;
 
      for (int j = 0; j < i; j++) {
        int reqSum = 0;
        for (int k = j; k < i; k++) {
          reqSum += arr[k];
          if ((k - j + 1) >= 2 && reqSum == sum) {
            flag = true;
            count++;
            break;
          }
        }
        if (flag)
          break;
      }
 
      for (int j = i + 1; j < n && flag == false;
           j++) {
        int reqSum = 0;
        for (int k = j; k < n; k++) {
          reqSum += arr[k];
          if ((k - j + 1) >= 2 && reqSum == sum) {
            flag = true;
            count++;
            break;
          }
        }
        if (flag)
          break;
      }
    }
 
    return count;
  }
  public static void Main(string[] args)
  {
    // Given array
    int[] a = { 3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9, 2, 6, 5 };
    int N = a.Length;
 
    // Function call
    Console.WriteLine(countElements(a, N));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by divya_p123.

Javascript




// Javascript program for above approach
 
// Function to find the number of
// array elements that can be
// represented as the sum of two
// or more consecutive array elements
function countElements(arr, n)
{
 
    let count = 0;
 
    for (let i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        let sum = arr[i];
        let flag = false;
 
        for (let j = 0; j < i; j++) {
            let reqSum = 0;
            for (let k = j; k < i; k++) {
                reqSum += arr[k];
                if ((k - j + 1) >= 2 && reqSum == sum) {
                    flag = true;
                    count++;
                    break;
                }
            }
            if (flag)
                break;
        }
 
        for (let j = i + 1; j < n && flag == false; j++) {
            let reqSum = 0;
            for (let k = j; k < n; k++) {
                reqSum += arr[k];
                if ((k - j + 1) >= 2 && reqSum == sum) {
                    flag = true;
                    count++;
                    break;
                }
            }
            if (flag)
                break;
        }
    }
 
    return count;
}
 
// Driver Code
// Given array
let a = [3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9, 2, 6, 5 ];
let N = a.length;
 
// Function call
console.log(countElements(a, N));

Output

5

Time Complexity: O(n3
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Efficient Approach: Follow the steps below to optimize the above approach:

  • Initialize an array cnt[] to store the number of occurrences of each array element.
  • Iterate over all subarrays of at least length 2 maintaining the sum of the current subarray sum.
  • If the current sum does not exceed N, then add cnt[sum] to the answer and set cnt[sum]=0 to prevent counting the same elements several times.
  • Finally, print the sum obtained.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the number of
// array elements that can be
// represented as the sum of two
// or more consecutive array elements
int countElements(int a[], int n)
{
     
    // Stores the frequencies
    // of array elements
    int cnt[n + 1] = {0};
    memset(cnt, 0, sizeof(cnt));
     
    // Stores required count
    int ans = 0;
 
    // Update frequency of
    // each array element
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        ++cnt[a[i]];
    }
     
    // Find sum of all subarrays
    for(int l = 0; l < n; ++l)
    {
        int sum = 0;
 
        for(int r = l; r < n; ++r)
        {
            sum += a[r];
 
            if (l == r)
                continue;
 
            if (sum <= n)
            {
                 
                // Increment ans by cnt[sum]
                ans += cnt[sum];
 
                // Reset cnt[sum] by 0
                cnt[sum] = 0;
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Return ans
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
     
    // Given array
    int a[] = { 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 };
    int N = sizeof(a) / sizeof(a[0]);
 
    // Function call
    cout << countElements(a, N);
}
 
// This code is contributed by Amit Katiyar

Java




// Java Program for above approach
 
import java.util.*;
class GFG {
 
    // Function to find the number of array
    // elements that can be represented as the sum
    // of two or more consecutive array elements
    static int countElements(int[] a, int n)
    {
        // Stores the frequencies
        // of array elements
        int[] cnt = new int[n + 1];
 
        // Stores required count
        int ans = 0;
 
        // Update frequency of
        // each array element
        for (int k : a) {
            ++cnt[k];
        }
 
        // Find sum of all subarrays
        for (int l = 0; l < n; ++l) {
 
            int sum = 0;
 
            for (int r = l; r < n; ++r) {
                sum += a[r];
 
                if (l == r)
                    continue;
 
                if (sum <= n) {
 
                    // Increment ans by cnt[sum]
                    ans += cnt[sum];
 
                    // Reset cnt[sum] by 0
                    cnt[sum] = 0;
                }
            }
        }
 
        // Return ans
        return ans;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Given array
        int[] a = { 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 };
 
        // Function call
        System.out.println(
            countElements(a, a.length));
    }
}

Python3




# Python3 program for above approach
 
# Function to find the number of array
# elements that can be represented as the sum
# of two or more consecutive array elements
def countElements(a, n):
     
    # Stores the frequencies
    # of array elements
    cnt = [0] * (n + 1)
 
    # Stores required count
    ans = 0
 
    # Update frequency of
    # each array element
    for k in a:
        cnt[k] += 1
 
    # Find sum of all subarrays
    for l in range(n):
        sum = 0
 
        for r in range(l, n):
            sum += a[r]
 
            if (l == r):
                continue
            if (sum <= n):
 
                # Increment ans by cnt[sum]
                ans += cnt[sum]
 
                # Reset cnt[sum] by 0
                cnt[sum] = 0
 
    # Return ans
    return ans
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
 
    # Given array
    a = [ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ]
 
    # Function call
    print(countElements(a, len(a)))
 
# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29

C#




// C# program for above approach
using System;
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to find the number of array
// elements that can be represented as the sum
// of two or more consecutive array elements
static int countElements(int[] a, int n)
{
     
    // Stores the frequencies
    // of array elements
    int[] cnt = new int[n + 1];
 
    // Stores required count
    int ans = 0;
 
    // Update frequency of
    // each array element
    foreach(int k in a)
    {
        ++cnt[k];
    }
 
    // Find sum of all subarrays
    for(int l = 0; l < n; ++l)
    {
        int sum = 0;
 
        for(int r = l; r < n; ++r)
        {
            sum += a[r];
            if (l == r)
                continue;
 
            if (sum <= n)
            {
                 
                // Increment ans by cnt[sum]
                ans += cnt[sum];
 
                // Reset cnt[sum] by 0
                cnt[sum] = 0;
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Return ans
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void Main(String[] args)
{
     
    // Given array
    int[] a = { 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 };
 
    // Function call
    Console.WriteLine(countElements(a, a.Length));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Amit Katiyar

Javascript




<script>
 
// Javascript program for above approach
 
// Function to find the number of array
// elements that can be represented as the sum
// of two or more consecutive array elements
function countElements(a, n)
{
     
    // Stores the frequencies
    // of array elements
    var cnt = Array(n + 1).fill(0);
 
    // Stores required count
    var ans = 0;
 
    // Update frequency of
    // each array element
    for(k = 0; k < n; k++)
    {
        cnt[a[k]]++;
    }
 
    // Find sum of all subarrays
    for(l = 0; l < n; ++l)
    {
        var sum = 0;
 
        for(r = l; r < n; ++r)
        {
            sum += a[r];
 
            if (l == r)
                continue;
 
            if (sum <= n)
            {
                 
                // Increment ans by cnt[sum]
                ans += cnt[sum];
 
                // Reset cnt[sum] by 0
                cnt[sum] = 0;
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Return ans
    return ans;
}
 
// Driver Code
 
// Given array
var a = [ 1, 1, 1, 1, 1 ];
 
// Function call
document.write(countElements(a, a.length));
 
// This code is contributed by todaysgaurav
  
</script>

Output: 

0

Time Complexity: O(N2)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)


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