Copy constructor vs assignment operator in C++

Difficulty Level: Rookie

Consider the following C++ program.

#include<iostream>
#include<stdio.h>

using namespace std;

class Test
{
public:
   Test() {}
   Test(const Test &t)
   {
      cout<<"Copy constructor called "<<endl;
   }
   Test& operator = (const Test &t)
   {
      cout<<"Assignment operator called "<<endl;
   }
};

int main()
{
  Test t1, t2;
  t2 = t1;
  Test t3 = t1;
  getchar();
  return 0;
}

Output:
Assignment operator called
Copy constructor called

Copy constructor is called when a new object is created from an existing object, as a copy of the existing object (see this G-Fact). And assignment operator is called when an already initialized object is assigned a new value from another existing object.

  t2 = t1;  // calls assignment operator, same as "t2.operator=(t1);"
  Test t3 = t1;  // calls copy constructor, same as "Test t3(t1);"

References:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copy_constructor

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