Converting one string to other using append and delete last operations

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 30 Apr, 2021

Given an integer k and two strings str1 and str2 determine whether or not we can convert str1 to str2 by performing exactly k of the below operations on str1.
a) Append a lowercase English alphabetic letter to the end of the str1.
b) Delete the last character in str1 (Performing this operation on an empty string results in an empty string)
Examples:

Input : k = 7, str1 = aba, str2 = aba
Output : Yes
(4 operations to convert str1 to an
empty string(to make string empty we
have to perform one more delete
operation) and 3 append operations)

Input : k = 5, str1 = pqruvs, str2 = pqrxy
Output : Yes
(3 delete operations and 2 append operations)

First of all we determine the common prefix of both strings and then depending upon the value of common prefix, str1.length, str2.length and k we can conclude result. Below are the cases.
CASE A: Cases where we can change str1 to str2 :

• If str1.length + str2.length <= k then we can delete str1 completely and re-construct str2 easily.
• If [k-(str1.length-prefix.length + str2.length-prefix.length)] is even then we can easily construct str2 from str1. This is because str1.length-prefix.length is number of letter to be deleted and str2.length-prefix.length is number of letter to be added in str1 after deletion of uncommon letter. After this if the operations left is even then we can add and remove any random letter which cost even number of operations.

CASE B: In rest of all cases we cannot construct str2 from str1.

C++

 // CPP Program to convert str1 to str2 in// exactly k operations#include using namespace std; // Returns true if it is possible to convert// str1 to str2 using k operations.bool isConvertible(string str1, string str2,                                      int k){    // Case A (i)    if ((str1.length() + str2.length()) < k)        return true;     // finding common length of both string    int commonLength = 0;    for (int i = 0; i < min(str1.length(),                           str2.length()); i++) {        if (str1[i] == str2[i])            commonLength++;        else            break;    }     // Case A (ii)-    if ((k - str1.length() - str2.length() +                     2 * commonLength) % 2 == 0)        return true;     // Case B-    return false;} // driver programint main(){    string str1 = "geek", str2 = "geek";    int k = 7;    if (isConvertible(str1, str2, k))       cout << "Yes";    else       cout << "No";     str1 = "geeks",  str2 = "geek";    k = 5;       cout << endl;    if (isConvertible(str1, str2, k))       cout << "Yes";    else       cout << "No";    return 0;}

Java

 // java Program to convert str1 to// str2 in exactly k operationsimport java.io.*; class GFG {         // Returns true if it is possible to convert    // str1 to str2 using k operations.    static boolean isConvertible(String str1, String str2,                                                     int k)    {        // Case A (i)        if ((str1.length() + str2.length()) < k)            return true;             // finding common length of both string        int commonLength = 0;        for (int i = 0; i < Math.min(str1.length(),                                str2.length()); i++)        {            if (str1 == str2)                commonLength++;            else                break;        }             // Case A (ii)-        if ((k - str1.length() - str2.length() +                     2 * commonLength) % 2 == 0)            return true;             // Case B        return false;    }                   // Driver program    public static void main (String[] args)    {        String str1 = "geek";        String str2 = "geek";        int k = 7;        if (isConvertible(str1, str2, k))        System.out.println( "Yes");        else        System.out.println ( "No");             str1 = "geeks";        str2 = "geek";        k = 5;                 if (isConvertible(str1, str2, k))        System.out.println( "Yes");        else        System.out.println ( "No");                 }} // This code is contributed by vt_m.

Python3

 # Python 3 Program to convert str1 to# str2 in exactly k operations # Returns true if it is possible to convert# str1 to str2 using k operations.def isConvertible(str1, str2, k):         # Case A (i)    if ((len(str1) + len(str2)) < k):        return True     # finding common length of both string    commonLength = 0    for i in range(0, min(len(str1),                          len(str2)), 1):        if (str1[i] == str2[i]):            commonLength += 1        else:            break     # Case A (ii)-    if ((k - len(str1) - len(str2) + 2 *                commonLength) % 2 == 0):        return True     # Case B-    return False # Driver Codeif __name__ == '__main__':    str1 = "geek"    str2 = "geek"    k = 7    if (isConvertible(str1, str2, k)):        print("Yes")    else:        print("No")     str1 = "geeks"    str2 = "geek"    k = 5    if (isConvertible(str1, str2, k)):        print("Yes")    else:        print("No") # This code is contributed by# Sanjit_Prasad

C#

 // C# Program to convert str1 to// str2 in exactly k operationsusing System; class GFG {         // Returns true if it is possible to convert    // str1 to str2 using k operations.    static bool isConvertible(string str1, string str2,                                                    int k)    {        // Case A (i)        if ((str1.Length + str2.Length) < k)            return true;             // finding common length of both string        int commonLength = 0;        for (int i = 0; i < Math.Min(str1.Length,                                str2.Length); i++)        {            if (str1 == str2)                commonLength++;            else                break;        }             // Case A (ii)-        if ((k - str1.Length - str2.Length +                    2 * commonLength) % 2 == 0)            return true;             // Case B        return false;    }                   // Driver program    public static void Main ()    {        string str1 = "geek";        string str2 = "geek";        int k = 7;        if (isConvertible(str1, str2, k))        Console.WriteLine( "Yes");        else        Console.WriteLine ( "No");             str1 = "geeks";        str2 = "geek";        k = 5;                 if (isConvertible(str1, str2, k))        Console.WriteLine( "Yes");        else        Console.WriteLine ( "No");                 }} // This code is contributed by vt_m.



Javascript


Output:
No
Yes

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