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Convert Json String to Java Object Using GSON
  • Last Updated : 15 Apr, 2019

Pre-erquisite: Convert Java Object to Json String Using GSON

JSON Stand for JavaScript Object Notation. It’s a standard text-based format which shows structured data based on JavaScript object syntax. It is commonly used for transmitting data in web applications. JSON is highly recommended to transmit data between a server and web application.

To convert a Java object into JSON, the following methods can be used:

  • GSON: It is an open-source Java library which is used to serialize and deserialize Java objects to JSON.
  • Jackson API

In this article, a predefined JSON String is converted into Java Object using GSON.

Examples:



Input:
{
“organisation_name” : “GeeksforGeeks”,
“description” : “A computer Science portal for Geeks”,
“Employee” : “2000”
}
Output:
Organisation [organisation_name=GeeksforGeeks, description=A computer Science portal for Geeks, Employees=0]

Input:
{
“Student_name” : “XYZ”,
“Organisation_name” : “GeeksForGeeks”
“Roll_No” : “1”
}
Output:
Student [Student_name=XYZ, Organisation_name=GeeksForGeeks, Roll_no=1]

The steps to do this are as follows:

  1. Add jar files of Jackson (in case of Maven project add Gson dependencies in the pom.xml file)




    <dependency>
           <groupId>com.google.code.gson</groupId>
           <artifactId>gson</artifactId>
           <version>2.6.2</version>
       </dependency>

    Below is the screenshot showing this step:-

  2. Create a POJO (Plain Old Java Object) to be converted into JSON




    package GeeksforGeeks.Geeks;
    public class Organisation {
        private String organisation_name;
        private String description;
        private int Employees;
      
        // Calling getters and setters
        public String getOrganisation_name()
        {
            return organisation_name;
        }
        public void setOrganisation_name(String organisation_name)
        {
            this.organisation_name = organisation_name;
        }
        public String getDescription()
        {
            return description;
        }
        public void setDescription(String description)
        {
            this.description = description;
        }
        public int getEmployees()
        {
            return Employees;
        }
        public void setEmployees(int employees)
        {
            Employees = employees;
        }
      
        // Creating toString
        @Override
        public String toString()
        {
            return "Organisation [organisation_name="
                + organisation_name
                + ", description="
                + description
                + ", Employees="
                + Employees + "]";
        }
    }

    Below is the screenshot showing this step:-

  3. Create a String Variable for Storing Json String:
    Note: This Json string should not be a simple Json String. Preprocess the JSON String and add slashes before passing it into GSON object.

    Example of Preprocessing:

    Intial JSON String:
    {“organisation_name” : “GeeksforGeeks”, “description” : “A computer Science portal for Geeks”, “Employee” : “2000”}

    Preprocessed JSON String:
    { \”organisation_name\” : \”GeeksforGeeks\”, \”description\” : \”A computer Science portal for Geeks\”, \”Employee\” : \”2000\” }

  4. Create a Java class for converting the Json into Organisation object:




    package GeeksforGeeks.Geeks;
      
    import com.google.gson.Gson;
      
    public class JsonToObject {
      
        public static void main(String[] args)
        {
            // Creating object of Organisation
            Organisation org = new Organisation();
      
            // Converting json to object
            org = getOrganisationObject();
      
            // Displaying object
            System.out.println(org);
        }
      
        private static Organisation getOrganisationObject()
        {
            // Storing preprocessed json(Added slashes)
            String OrganisationJson
                = "{\"organisation_name\" 
                : \"GeeksforGeeks\",
                \"description\" 
                : \"A computer Science portal for Geeks\",
                \"Employee\" 
                : \"2000\"}";
      
            // Creating a Gson Object
            Gson gson = new Gson();
      
            // Converting json to object
            // first parameter should be prpreocessed json
            // and second should be mapping class
            Organisation organisation
                = gson.fromJson(OrganisationJson,
                                Organisation.class);
      
            // return object
            return organisation;
        }
    }

    Below is the screenshot showing this step:-

  5. Execute the process
  6. Output:

    Organisation [organisation_name=GeeksforGeeks, description=A computer Science portal for Geeks, Employees=0]

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