# Convert given time into words

Given a time in the format of hh:mm (12-hour format) 0 < hh < 12, 0 <= mm < 60. The task is to convert it into words as shown:

Examples :

```Input : h = 5, m = 0
Output : five o' clock

Input : h = 6, m = 24
Output : twenty four minutes past six
```

Corner cases are m = 0, m = 15, m = 30 and m = 45.

```6:00 six o'clock
6:10 ten minutes past six
6:15 quarter past six
6:30 half past six
6:45 quarter to seven
6:47 thirteen minutes to seven```

## Recommended: Please solve it on “PRACTICE” first, before moving on to the solution.

The idea is to use if-else-if statement to determine the time in words. According to above given example, on the basis of minutes we can categories time in words into 8, that are minutes equal to 0, 15, 30, 45, 1, 59 and in range less than 30 or greater than 30. Check the value of minutes and print accordinly.

Below is implementation of this approach:

## C++

 `// C++ program to convert time into words ` `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` `  `// Print Time in words. ` `void` `printWords(``int` `h, ``int` `m) ` `{ ` `    ``char` `nums[][64] = { ``"zero"``, ``"one"``, ``"two"``, ``"three"``, ``"four"``, ` `                        ``"five"``, ``"six"``, ``"seven"``, ``"eight"``, ``"nine"``, ` `                        ``"ten"``, ``"eleven"``, ``"twelve"``, ``"thirteen"``, ` `                        ``"fourteen"``, ``"fifteen"``, ``"sixteen"``, ``"seventeen"``, ` `                        ``"eighteen"``, ``"nineteen"``, ``"twenty"``, ``"twenty one"``, ` `                        ``"twenty two"``, ``"twenty three"``, ``"twenty four"``, ` `                        ``"twenty five"``, ``"twenty six"``, ``"twenty seven"``, ` `                        ``"twenty eight"``, ``"twenty nine"``, ` `                      ``}; ` ` `  `    ``if` `(m == 0) ` `        ``printf``(``"%s o' clock\n"``, nums[h]); ` ` `  `    ``else` `if` `(m == 1) ` `        ``printf``(``"one minute past %s\n"``, nums[h]); ` ` `  `    ``else` `if` `(m == 59) ` `        ``printf``(``"one minute to %s\n"``, nums[(h % 12) + 1]); ` ` `  `    ``else` `if` `(m == 15) ` `        ``printf``(``"quarter past %s\n"``, nums[h]); ` ` `  `    ``else` `if` `(m == 30) ` `        ``printf``(``"half past %s\n"``, nums[h]); ` ` `  `    ``else` `if` `(m == 45) ` `        ``printf``(``"quarter to %s\n"``, nums[(h % 12) + 1]); ` ` `  `    ``else` `if` `(m <= 30) ` `        ``printf``(``"%s minutes past %s\n"``, nums[m], nums[h]); ` ` `  `    ``else` `if` `(m > 30) ` `        ``printf``(``"%s minutes to %s\n"``, nums[60 - m], ` `                                     ``nums[(h % 12) + 1]); ` `} ` ` `  `// Driven Program ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` `    ``int` `h = 6; ` `    ``int` `m = 24; ` ` `  `    ``printWords(h, m); ` `    ``return` `0; ` `} `

## Java

 `// Java program to convert time into words ` `class` `GFG ` `{ ` `     `  `    ``// Print Time in words. ` `    ``static` `void` `printWords(``int` `h, ``int` `m) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``String nums[] = { ``"zero"``, ``"one"``, ``"two"``, ``"three"``, ``"four"``, ` `                            ``"five"``, ``"six"``, ``"seven"``, ``"eight"``, ``"nine"``, ` `                            ``"ten"``, ``"eleven"``, ``"twelve"``, ``"thirteen"``, ` `                            ``"fourteen"``, ``"fifteen"``, ``"sixteen"``, ``"seventeen"``, ` `                            ``"eighteen"``, ``"nineteen"``, ``"twenty"``, ``"twenty one"``, ` `                            ``"twenty two"``, ``"twenty three"``, ``"twenty four"``, ` `                            ``"twenty five"``, ``"twenty six"``, ``"twenty seven"``, ` `                            ``"twenty eight"``, ``"twenty nine"``, ` `                        ``}; ` `     `  `        ``if` `(m == ``0``) ` `            ``System.out.println(nums[h] + ``" o' clock "``); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m == ``1``) ` `            ``System.out.println(``"one minute past "` `+  ` `                                            ``nums[h]); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m == ``59``) ` `            ``System.out.println(``"one minute to "` `+  ` `                            ``nums[(h % ``12``) + ``1``]); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m == ``15``) ` `            ``System.out.println(``"quarter past "` `+ nums[h]); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m == ``30``) ` `            ``System.out.println(``"half past "` `+ nums[h]); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m == ``45``) ` `            ``System.out.println(``"quarter to "` `+  ` `                                ``nums[(h % ``12``) + ``1``]); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m <= ``30``) ` `            ``System.out.println( nums[m] + ``" minutes past "` `+ ` `                                                    ``nums[h]); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m > ``30``) ` `            ``System.out.println( nums[``60` `- m] + ``" minutes to "` `+      ` `                                                ``nums[(h % ``12``) + ``1``]); ` `    ``} ` `     `  `    ``// Driven code ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String []args) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``int` `h = ``6``; ` `        ``int` `m = ``24``; ` `        ``printWords(h, m); ` `    ``} ` `} ` ` `  `// This code is contributed by ihritik `

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to convert  ` `# time into words ` ` `  `# Print Time in words. ` `def` `printWords(h, m): ` `    ``nums ``=` `[``"zero"``, ``"one"``, ``"two"``, ``"three"``, ``"four"``, ` `            ``"five"``, ``"six"``, ``"seven"``, ``"eight"``, ``"nine"``, ` `            ``"ten"``, ``"eleven"``, ``"twelve"``, ``"thirteen"``, ` `            ``"fourteen"``, ``"fifteen"``, ``"sixteen"``,  ` `            ``"seventeen"``, ``"eighteen"``, ``"nineteen"``,  ` `            ``"twenty"``, ``"twenty one"``, ``"twenty two"``,  ` `            ``"twenty three"``, ``"twenty four"``,  ` `            ``"twenty five"``, ``"twenty six"``, ``"twenty seven"``, ` `            ``"twenty eight"``, ``"twenty nine"``]; ` ` `  `    ``if` `(m ``=``=` `0``): ` `        ``print``(nums[h], ``"o' clock"``); ` ` `  `    ``elif` `(m ``=``=` `1``): ` `        ``print``(``"one minute past"``, nums[h]); ` ` `  `    ``elif` `(m ``=``=` `59``): ` `        ``print``(``"one minute to"``, nums[(h ``%` `12``) ``+` `1``]); ` ` `  `    ``elif` `(m ``=``=` `15``): ` `        ``print``(``"quarter past"``, nums[h]); ` ` `  `    ``elif` `(m ``=``=` `30``): ` `        ``print``(``"half past"``, nums[h]); ` ` `  `    ``elif` `(m ``=``=` `45``): ` `        ``print``(``"quarter to"``, (nums[(h ``%` `12``) ``+` `1``])); ` ` `  `    ``elif` `(m <``=` `30``): ` `        ``print``(nums[m],``"minutes past"``, nums[h]); ` ` `  `    ``elif` `(m > ``30``): ` `        ``print``(nums[``60` `-` `m], ``"minutes to"``,  ` `              ``nums[(h ``%` `12``) ``+` `1``]); ` ` `  `# Driver Code ` `h ``=` `6``; ` `m ``=` `24``; ` ` `  `printWords(h, m); ` ` `  `# This code is contributed  ` `# by Princi Singh `

## C#

 `// C# program to convert time into words ` `using` `System; ` ` `  `class` `GFG ` `{ ` `     `  `    ``// Print Time in words. ` `    ``static` `void` `printWords(``int` `h, ``int` `m) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``string` `[] nums = { ``"zero"``, ``"one"``, ``"two"``, ``"three"``, ``"four"``, ` `                            ``"five"``, ``"six"``, ``"seven"``, ``"eight"``, ``"nine"``, ` `                            ``"ten"``, ``"eleven"``, ``"twelve"``, ``"thirteen"``, ` `                            ``"fourteen"``, ``"fifteen"``, ``"sixteen"``, ``"seventeen"``, ` `                            ``"eighteen"``, ``"nineteen"``, ``"twenty"``, ``"twenty one"``, ` `                            ``"twenty two"``, ``"twenty three"``, ``"twenty four"``, ` `                            ``"twenty five"``, ``"twenty six"``, ``"twenty seven"``, ` `                            ``"twenty eight"``, ``"twenty nine"``, ` `                        ``}; ` `     `  `        ``if` `(m == 0) ` `            ``Console.WriteLine(nums[h] + ``" o' clock "``); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m == 1) ` `            ``Console.WriteLine(``"one minute past "` `+ nums[h]); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m == 59) ` `            ``Console.WriteLine(``"one minute to "` `+ ` `                                ``nums[(h % 12) + 1]); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m == 15) ` `            ``Console.WriteLine(``"quarter past "` `+ nums[h]); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m == 30) ` `            ``Console.WriteLine(``"half past "` `+ nums[h]); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m == 45) ` `            ``Console.WriteLine(``"quarter to "` `+  ` `                                ``nums[(h % 12) + 1]); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m <= 30) ` `            ``Console.WriteLine( nums[m] + ``" minutes past "` `+ ` `                                                    ``nums[h]); ` `     `  `        ``else` `if` `(m > 30) ` `            ``Console.WriteLine( nums[60 - m] + ``" minutes to "` `+  ` `                                            ``nums[(h % 12) + 1]); ` `    ``} ` `     `  `    ``// Driven code ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `Main() ` `    ``{ ` `        ``int` `h = 6; ` `        ``int` `m = 24; ` `        ``printWords(h, m); ` `    ``} ` `} ` ` `  `// This code is contributed by ihritik `

## PHP

 ` 30) ` `        ``echo` `\$nums``[60 - ``\$m``], ` `             ``" minutes to "``,  ` `             ``\$nums``[(``\$h` `% 12) + 1], ``"\n"``; ` `} ` ` `  `// Driver Code ` `\$h` `= 6; ` `\$m` `= 24; ` ` `  `printWords(``\$h``, ``\$m``); ` ` `  `// This code is contributed by aj_36 ` `?> `

Output :

```twenty four minutes past six
```

This article is contributed by Anuj Chauhan. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.