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Convert ArrayList to Comma Separated String in Java

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  • Last Updated : 18 Nov, 2021

ArrayList is a part of collection framework and is present in java.util package. It provides us with dynamic arrays in Java. In order to convert ArrayList to a comma-separated String, these are the approaches available in Java as listed and proposed below as follows:

Earlier before Java 8 there were only standard methods available in order for this conversion but with the introduction to the concept of Streams and Lambda, new methods do arise into play of which are all listed below:  

  1. Using append() method of StringBuilder
  2. Using toString() method
  3. Using Apache Commons StringUtils class
  4. Using Stream API
  5. Using String join() method of String class

Let us discuss each of the above  methods proposed to deeper depth alongside programs to get a deep-dive understanding as follows:

Method 1: Using append() method of StringBuilder

StringBuilder in java represents a mutable sequence of characters. In the below example, we used StringBuilder’s append() method. The append method is used to concatenate or add a new set of characters in the last position of the existing string.

Syntax:

public StringBuilder append(char a)

Parameter: The method accepts a single parameter a which is the Char value whose string representation is to be appended.

Return Value: The method returns a string object after the append operation is performed.

Example:

Java




// Java program to Convert ArrayList to
// Comma Separated String
// Using append() method of StringBuilder
 
// Importing required classes
import java.util.ArrayList;
 
// Main class
public class GFG {
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creating an empty ArrayList of string type
        ArrayList<String> geeklist
            = new ArrayList<String>();
 
        // Adding elements to ArrayList
        // using add() method
        geeklist.add("Hey");
        geeklist.add("Geek");
        geeklist.add("Welcome");
        geeklist.add("to");
        geeklist.add("geeksforgeeks");
        geeklist.add("!");
 
        StringBuilder str = new StringBuilder("");
 
        // Traversing the ArrayList
        for (String eachstring : geeklist) {
 
            // Each element in ArrayList is appended
            // followed by comma
            str.append(eachstring).append(",");
        }
 
        // StringBuffer to String conversion
        String commaseparatedlist = str.toString();
 
        // Condition check to remove the last comma
        if (commaseparatedlist.length() > 0)
           
            commaseparatedlist
                = commaseparatedlist.substring(
                    0, commaseparatedlist.length() - 1);
 
        // Printing the comma separated string
        System.out.println(commaseparatedlist);
    }
}

Output

Hey,Geek,Welcome,to,geeksforgeeks,!

Method 2: Using toString() method

toString() is an inbuilt method that returns the value given to it in string format. The below code uses the toString() method to convert ArrayList to a String. The method returns the single string on which the replace method is applied and specified characters are replaced (in this case brackets and spaces).

Syntax:

arraylist.toString()
// arraylist is an object of the ArrayList class

Return Value: It returns a string representation of the ArrayList

Example:

Java




// Java Program to Convert ArrayList to
// Comma Separated String
// Using toString() method
 
// Importing required classes
import java.util.ArrayList;
 
// Main class
public class GFG {
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creating an empty ArrayList of string type
        ArrayList<String> geekcourses
            = new ArrayList<String>();
 
        // Adding elements to above empty ArrayList
        // using add() method
        geekcourses.add("Data Structures");
        geekcourses.add("Algorithms");
        geekcourses.add("Operating System");
        geekcourses.add("Computer Networks");
        geekcourses.add("Machine Learning");
        geekcourses.add("Databases");
 
        // Note: toString() method returns the output as
        // [Data Structure,Algorithms,...]
        // In order to replace '[', ']' and spaces with
        // empty strings to get comma separated values
 
        String commaseparatedlist = geekcourses.toString();
 
        commaseparatedlist
            = commaseparatedlist.replace("[", "")
                  .replace("]", "")
                  .replace(" ", "");
 
        // Printing the comma separated string
        System.out.println(commaseparatedlist);
    }
}

Output

DataStructures,Algorithms,OperatingSystem,ComputerNetworks,MachineLearning,Databases

 Method 3: Using Apache Commons StringUtils class

Apache Commons library has a StringUtils class that provides a utility function for the string. The join method is used to convert ArrayList to comma-separated strings.

Example:

Java




// Java program to Convert ArrayList to
// Comma Separated String
// Using Apache Commons StringUtils class
 
// Importing required classes
import java.util.ArrayList;
import org.apache.commons.collections4.CollectionUtils;
 
// Main class
public class GFG {
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creating an empty ArrayList of string type
        ArrayList<String> geekcourses
            = new ArrayList<String>();
 
        // Adding elements to ArrayList
        // using add() method
        geekcourses.add("Data Structures");
        geekcourses.add("Algorithms");
        geekcourses.add("Operating System");
        geekcourses.add("Computer Networks");
        geekcourses.add("Machine Learning");
        geekcourses.add("Databases");
 
        // Mote: join() method used returns a single string
        // along with defined separator in every iteration
 
        String commalist
            = StringUtils.join(geekcourses, ",");
 
        // Printing the comma separated string
        System.out.println(commalist);
    }
}

Output:

OutputDataStructures,Algorithms,OperatingSystem,ComputerNetworks,MachineLearning,Databases

Method 4: Using Stream API

Stream API was introduced in Java 8 and is used to process collections of objects. The joining() method of Collectors Class, in Java, is used to join various elements of a character or string array into a single string object.

Example

Java




// Java Program to Convert ArrayList to
// Comma Separated String
// Using Stream API
 
// Importing required classes
import java.util.*;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;
 
// Main class
public class GFG {
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creating an empty ArrayList of string type
        ArrayList<String> geeklist
            = new ArrayList<String>();
 
        // Adding elements to above ArrayList
        // using add() method
        geeklist.add("welcome");
        geeklist.add("to");
        geeklist.add("geeks");
        geeklist.add("for");
        geeklist.add("geeks");
 
        // collect() method returns the result of the
        // intermediate operations performed on the stream
        String str = geeklist.stream().collect(
            Collectors.joining(","));
 
        // Printing the comma separated string
        System.out.println(str);
    }
}

Output

welcome,to,geeks,for,geeks

 Method 5: Using join() method of String class 

We can convert ArrayList to a comma-separated String using StringJoiner which is a class in java.util package which is used to construct a sequence of characters(strings) separated by a delimiter and optionally starting with a supplied prefix and ending with a supplied suffix. The join() method of the String class can be used to construct the same.

Example

Java




// Java program to Convert ArrayList to
// Comma Separated String
// Using String join() method
 
// Importing required classes
import java.util.*;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;
 
// Main class
public class GFG {
 
    // Main driver method
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Creating an empty ArrayList of string type
        ArrayList<String> geeklist
            = new ArrayList<String>();
 
        // Adding elements to ArrayList
        // using add() method
        geeklist.add("welcome");
        geeklist.add("to");
        geeklist.add("geeks");
        geeklist.add("for");
        geeklist.add("geeks");
 
        // Note: String.join() is used with a delimiter
        // comma along with the list
        String str = String.join(",", geeklist);
 
        // Printing the comma separated string
        System.out.println(str);
    }
}

Output

welcome,to,geeks,for,geeks

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