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Confidential Computing

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  • Last Updated : 17 May, 2021

Overview :
Confidential computing the concept where encrypted data can be processed in memory to limit access to ensure that the data used is protected. A private computer is a concept promoted by the Confidential Computing Consortium, which is a group of organizations that want to build tools that support data protection. This concept is especially applicable for public clouds to compute the tasks. The Confidential computing also focuses on software-supported security and hardware. A confidential computer ensures that data is secure and encrypted from risks such as malicious intruders, network vulnerabilities, or any other threat to hardware- or software that could be compromised. The concept of confidential computer has gained momentum as cloud services are widely used. Organizations that use cloud computing environments are benefiting from the growing concept of computer security.

Working Functionality of Confidential Computing :
Here, we will discuss the working functionality of Confidential Computing as follows.

  • Prior to processing the application, data must be encrypted in memory. This leaves data vulnerable just before, during, and after processing memory loss, root user compromise, and other malicious exploitation.
  • Confidential computing solves this problem by using a reliable hardware-based operating environment, or TEE(Trusted Education Environment), which is a secure environment within the CPU. 
  • TEE is secured using embedded encryption keys, with authentication procedures that ensure that the keys are only available in the authorized programming code. 
  • If malware or other unauthorized code tries to access the keys or if the authorized code is illegally entered or modified in any way TEE refuses access to the keys and cancels the count.

Uses of confidential computing :
Here we will discuss the uses of confidential computing as follows.

  1. Confidential computing protect data from malicious attackers
  2. It ensures data is compliant with GDPR.
  3. It ensures data security such as financial data, encryption keys, or other such data it requires security.
  4. It makes sure the data used is protected when moving cargo to different locations
  5. Allows developers to create applications that can be deployed across a variety of cloud platforms.

Upcoming Stage of confidential computing :
Here, we will discuss the upcoming stage of confidential computing as follows.

  • Confidential Computing comes with good promises and is said to be transforming the computer game industry. Its benefits outweigh the safety features. 
  • In the future, independent computers have the potential to promote collaboration between competitors (for example, companies working together on genomic research on cloud platforms) as it ensures complete protection and privacy of sensitive information.
  • The computer is confidential and has the power to enable you to learn more about the machine, micro-services, and cases of using Blockchain among businesses. 
  • It is considered the only way to prevent Blockchain transactions when sensitive data is transmitted across a used network. It may deal with security concerns surrounding the transfer of sensitive equipment to the container or Kubernetes facilities.
  • That said, technology is still in its infancy. Gartner expects to wait five to 10 years before using a secret computer regularly. But once it does, it has the power to redefine cloud security.

Need for confidential computing :
Here, we will discuss the need for confidential computing as follows.

  • Protect sensitive data, or use it — and extend the benefits of a computer cloud to sensitive workloads. When used for data encryption at leisure and navigation with special key controls, and encrypted computer removes one of the biggest barriers to moving sensitive or highly controlled data sets and loading of app functions from a robust, costly, and modern IT infrastructure on a public cloud platform.
  • Protecting intellectual property. A private computer is not just for data protection. TEE can also be used to protect corporate business ideas, analytics activities, machine learning skills, or all other applications.

Benefits of Confidential Computing :
Here, we will discuss the benefits of confidential computing as follows.

  1. It enables complete end-to-end data security encryption.
  2. It ensures that your data is securely protected during processing.
  3. It gives customers the ability to have full command of the system and all data processing.
  4. It increases trust and transparency among its users.
  5. It keeps unverified users from accessing important data.
  6. It makes it possible for data to be transmitted between different locations without risking a breach.
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