Computer Vision module application for finding a target in a live camera

NOTE: Using an online compiler is not going to work here. Please install Python 2.7x and cv2, argparse modules to actually try out this example.

For most of us, who are big fans of all those action movies, and games like Modern Warfare, Black Ops, and so on, it has always been a dream to have the opportunity of saying “Target acquired…Waiting for approval”.Team Alpha you are permitted to fire,Mission is a go. Let’s blow it guys!!! Hurrah!” Of course, well, you can’t always get what you want-But, at least now, I can get you close enough to your dream. All you need for this lesson is Python 2.7, cv2 module and it would be great if you have a nice video recorder with the help of which you can get the live video stream. Anyways, it won’t matter even if you don’t have one.

Step – 1 : Check your weapons

Download Python 2.7 and ensure that you have the cv2 module (please note that cv module is old and has been replaced by cv2 ) and argparse module. For this :

import cv2 as cv
import argparse

If this does not give an error, then you are good to go…

Step – 2 : Mission details

Now that you have your weapons with you, it’s time for you to ensure that you have all the mission details required. First, we need to specify our target. So, our target is:

Sri

Now that you have your target with you, it’s time to set up a test field. Get several printouts of the target and paste it at several places in your house. Now, if you really want to get the feel, make a quadcopter, fix a small camera in it, and record the whole house properly and ensure that you cover the places where you have pasted the targets. In case if you don’t want to go through all this trouble, just grab a camera and record your house yourself. I would recommend you to keep the video short.

Step – 3 : Buckle up! We have a mission to complete!

Okay. This is Alpha 1 reporting on duty! Send us the mission coordinates!

You have the target, now you need to acquire it! So, for this we are going to use Computer Vision module (cv2).Code Snippet:

Direct Code Link: https://ide.geeksforgeeks.org/xfUet4

 

import argparse
import cv2

# construct the argument parse and parse the arguments
ap = argparse.ArgumentParser()
ap.add_argument("-v", "--video", help="path to the video file")
args = vars(ap.parse_args())

# load the video
camVideo = cv2.VideoCapture(args["video"])

# keep looping
while True:

    # grab the current frame and initialize the status text
    (grabbed, frame) = camVideo.read()
    status = "No Target in sight"

    # check to see if we have reached the end of the
    # video
    if not grabbed:
        break

    # convert the frame to grayscale, blur it, and detect edges
    gray = cv2.cvtColor(frame, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY) #grayscale
    blurred = cv2.GaussianBlur(gray, (7, 7), 0) #blur
    edged = cv2.Canny(blurred, 50, 150) #canny edge detection

    # find contours in the edge map
    (cnts, _) = cv2.findContours(edged.copy(), cv2.RETR_EXTERNAL,
    cv2.CHAIN_APPROX_SIMPLE)

# loop over the contours
for cnt in cnts:
    approx=cv2.approxPolyDP(cnt,0.01*cv2.arcLength(cnt,True),
    True)

if len(approx)==5:
    cv2.drawContours(frame, [approx], -1, (0, 0, 255), 4)
    status = "Target(s) in sight!"

    # draw the status text on the frame
    cv2.putText(frame, status, (20, 30), cv2.FONT_HERSHEY_SIMPLEX,
    0.5,(0, 0, 255), 2)

    # show the frame and record if a key is pressed
    cv2.imshow("Frame", frame)
    key = cv2.waitKey(1) & 0xFF

    # if the 's' key is pressed, stop the loop
    if key == ord("s"):
        break

    # cleanup the input recorded video and close any open windows

camVideo.release()
cv2.destroyAllWindows()

Code explained:

We loop over each frame of the recorded video and for detection of our target we convert it to gray-scale, blur it, and finally use canny edge detection method to find the outlined image.

Remember that, camVideo.read() will return a tuple with first element specifying whether the frame was read successfully or not, second element is the actual frame we will be working on!

Now, once you have the frame, we will use contour approximation and then check the number of elements in the output obtained from previous step. If the number of elements is 5, then we have the regular pentagon that we were looking for, and hence we update the status.

Now this all was quite easy and basic. If you really want to build one such program then you should have a look at various filters to remove noise effects from the frame to get a more accurate result. Best thing you can do is keep experimenting!

Try this exercise at your house, record the video and share your results with us…

Signing off ! Peace! Stay safe 🙂

About the author:

Vishwesh Shrimali is an Undergraduate Mechanical Engineering student at BITS Pilani. He fulfilsvish about all the requirements not taught in his branch- white hat hacker, network security operator, and an ex – Competitive Programmer. As a firm believer in power of Python, his majority work has been in the same language. Whenever he get some time apart from programming, attending classes, watching CSI Cyber, he go for a long walk and play guitar in silence. His motto of life is – “Enjoy your life, ‘cause it’s worth enjoying!”

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