Token Bus (IEEE 802.4) is a popular standard for the token passing LANs. In a token bus LAN, the physical media is a bus or a tree and a logical ring is created using coaxial cable. The token is passed from one user to other in a sequence (clockwise or anticlockwise). Each station knows the address of the station to its “left” and “right” as per the sequence in the logical ring. A station can only transmit data when it has the token. The working of token bus is somewhat similar to Token Ring.
The above diagram shows a logical ring formed in a bus based token passing LAN. The logical ring is shown with the arrows.
The various fields of the frame format are:
- Preamble – It is used for bit synchronization. It is 1 byte field.
- Start Delimiter – These bits marks the beginning of frame. It is 1 byte field.
- Frame Control – This field specifies the type of frame – data frame and control frames. It is 1 byte field.
- Destination Address – This field contains the destination address. It is 2 to 6 bytes field.
- Source Address – This field contains the source address. It is 2 to 6 bytes field.
- Data – If 2 byte addresses are used than the field may be upto 8182 bytes and 8174 bytes in case of 6 byte addresses.
- Checksum – This field contains the checksum bits which is used to detect errors in the transmitted data. It is 4 bytes field.
- End Delimiter – This field marks the end of frame. It is 1 byte field.
- Computer Network | Efficiency Of Token Ring
- Computer Network | Token Ring frame format
- Computer Networks | Problems with Token Ring
- Computer Networks | Minimum length of Token Ring
- Computer Network | Integrated services digital network (ISDN)
- Computer Network | Simple network management protocol (SNMP)
- Computer Network | Types of Network address translation (NAT)
- Computer Network | Synchronous Optical Network (SONET)
- Computer Network | Packet flow in the same network
- Computer Network | Network address translation (NAT)
- Computer Network | Packet flow in different network
- Computer Network | Network goals
- Computer Network | Evolution of Network
- Computer Network | Network Simulator 3
- Computer Network | Finding Network ID of a Subnet (using Subnet Mask)
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