**var()** function in R Language computes the sample variance of a vector. It is the measure of how much value is away from the mean value.

Syntax:var(x)

Parameters:

x :numeric vector

**Example 1: Computing variance of a vector**

`# R program to illustrate ` `# variance of vector ` ` ` `# Create example vector ` `x <` `-` `c(` `1` `, ` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `4` `, ` `5` `, ` `6` `, ` `7` `) ` ` ` `# Apply var function in R ` `var(x) ` ` ` `print` `(x) ` |

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**Output:**

4.667

Here in the above code, we took an example vector “x1” and calculated its variance.

#### sd() Function

**sd() **function is used to compute the standard deviation of given values in R. It is the square root of its variance.

Syntax:sd(x)Parameters:x:numeric vector

**Example 1: Computing standard deviation of a vector **

`# R program to illustrate ` `# standard deviation of vector ` ` ` `# Create example vector ` `x2 <` `-` `c(` `1` `, ` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `4` `, ` `5` `, ` `6` `, ` `7` `) ` ` ` `# Compare with sd function ` `sd(x2) ` ` ` `print` `(x2) ` |

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Output:2.200

Here in the above code, we took an example vector “x2” and calculated its standard deviation.