# Compute the Sum of Rows of a Matrix or Array in R Programming – rowSums Function

`rowSums()` function in R Language is used to compute the sum of rows of a matrix or an array.

Syntax: rowSums(x, na.rm = FALSE, dims = 1)

Parameters:
x: array or matrix
dims: Integer: Dimensions are regarded as ‘rows’ to sum over. It is over dimensions dims+1, ….

Example 1:

 `# R program to illustrate ` `# rowSums() function ` ` `  `# Initializing a matrix  ` `x <``-` `matrix(rep(``2``:``10``), ``3``, ``3``) ` ` `  `# Printing Matrix ` `print``(x) ` ` `  `# Calling the rowSums() function ` `rowSums(x) `

Output:

```     [, 1] [, 2] [, 3]
[1, ]    2    5    8
[2, ]    3    6    9
[3, ]    4    7   10
[1] 15 18 21
```

Example 2:

 `# R program to illustrate ` `# rowSums function ` ` `  `# Initializing a 3D array ` `x <``-` `array(``1``:``8``, c(``2``, ``2``, ``2``)) ` ` `  `# Printing the array ` `print``(x) ` ` `  `# Calling the rowSums() function ` `rowSums(x, dims ``=` `1``) `

Output:

```,, 1

[, 1] [, 2]
[1, ]    1    3
[2, ]    2    4,, 2

[, 1] [, 2]
[1, ]    5    7
[2, ]    6    8

[1] 16 20
```
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