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Compression of IPv6 address

  • Last Updated : 28 Jun, 2021

IPv6 address is short form of IP address version 6. It is basically a 128 bit address. In IPv6 address, hexadecimal notation is preferred. There are total 8 fields in IPv6 hexadecimal notation and each field consists of 16 bits. 
Hence, total bits are 8 x 16 = 128 

Rules for compression: 
There are basically three rules for compression: 
 

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  • Rule-1: When only 0 (zero) is available in a field then it is removed from the IPv6 address notation. 

     

IPv6 = FE82:1234:0:1235:1416:1A12:1B12:1C1F

After compression,
IPv6 = FE82:1234::1235:1416:1A12:1B12:1C1F 
  •  

  • Rule-2: When continuous 0s (zeros) are available in IPv6 address notation then all zeros are replaced by ::

     

IPv6 = FE82:0:0:0:0:1A12:1234:1A12

After compression,
IPv6 = FE82::1A12:1234:1A12 
  •  

  • Rule-3: When zeros are present in discontinuous places then at only one junction, 0s (zeros) are replaced by ::

     

IPv6 = 2001:1234:0:0:1A12:0:0:1A13

After compression,
IPv6 = 2001:1234::1A12:0:0:1A13
          or
     = 2001:1234:0:0:1A12::1A13 
  •  

Unspecified Address: When in hexadecimal notation of IPv6 all fields are 0. It is denoted by ::. 
 

:: = 0:0:0:0:0:0:0:0

Loop Back Address: When in hexadecimal notation of IPv6 all fields are 0 except the last field and last field value is 1. It is denoted by ::1. 
 

::1 = 0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1

 

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