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Complete Graph using Networkx in Python

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A complete graph also called a Full Graph it is a graph that has n vertices where the degree of each vertex is n-1. In other words, each vertex is connected with every other vertex.

Example: Complete Graph with 6 edges:


Properties of Complete Graph:

  • The degree of each vertex is n-1.
  • The total number of edges is n(n-1)/2.
  • All possible edges in a simple graph exist in a complete graph.
  • It is a cyclic graph.
  • The maximum distance between any pair of nodes is 1.
  • The chromatic number is n as every node is connected to every other node.
  • Its complement is an empty graph.

We will use the networkx module for realizing a Complete graph. It comes with an inbuilt function networkx.complete_graph() and can be illustrated using the networkx.draw() method. This module in Python is used for visualizing and analyzing different kinds of graphs.

Syntax: networkx.complete_graph(n)


  • N: Number of nodes in complete graph.
  • Returns an networkx graph complete object.
  • Nodes are indexed from zero to n-1.

Used to realize the graph by passing graph object.

networkx.draw(G, node_size, node_color)


  • G: It refers to the complete graph object
  • node_size: It refers to the size of nodes.
  • node_color: It refers to color of the nodes.


  • We will import the required module networkx.
  • Then we will create a graph object using networkx.complete_graph(n).
  • Where n specifies n number of nodes.
  • For realizing graph, we will use networkx.draw(G, node_color = ’green’, node_size=1500)
  • The node_color and node_size arguments specify the color and size of graph nodes.

Example 1:


# import required module
import networkx
# create object
G = networkx.complete_graph(6)
# illustrate graph
networkx.draw(G, node_color = 'green',
              node_size = 1500)



The output of the above program gives a complete graph with 6 nodes as output as we passed 6 as an argument to the complete_graph function.

Example 2:


# import required module
import networkx
# create object
G = networkx.complete_graph(10)
# illustrate graph
networkx.draw(G, node_color = 'green',
              node_size = 1500)


Advantages and Disadvantages:

Advantages of using a complete graph in social network analysis include:

  • Simplicity: Complete graphs are a simple structure that can be easily understood, making it easy to extract insights from the data.
  • High connectivity: All nodes in a complete graph are connected to each other, which makes it easy to model all possible interactions between the nodes.
  • Representing fully connected groups: Complete graphs can be used to represent groups where all members are fully connected, such as small teams or communities.

Disadvantages of using a complete graph in social network analysis include:

Limited representation of real-world networks: Complete graphs are a highly simplified representation of real-world networks, which may not accurately reflect the complexity and diversity of the relationships in a network.

High computational cost: Complete graphs have a high number of edges, which can make it computationally expensive to analyze and visualize.

Limited scalability: Complete graphs are not suitable for very large networks as the number of edges increases exponentially with the number of nodes.


“Python NetworkX: A Practical Overview” by Shai Vaingast is a good reference book for learning NetworkX and its application in social network analysis. The book covers the basics of NetworkX and its use in solving real-world problems such as community detection, centrality measures, and graph visualization. It also includes examples of creating and analyzing complete graphs using NetworkX.

Last Updated : 24 Jan, 2023
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