**In each of the following, use factor theorem to find whether polynomial g(x) is a factor of polynomial f(x), or not(Question 1-7):**

### Question 1. f(x) = x^{3 }– 6x^{2 }+ 11x – 6, g(x) = x – 3

**Solution: **

Given:f(x) = x^{3 }– 6x^{2 }+ 11x – 6, g(x) = x – 3Here,

x – 3 = 0

x = 3

To prove:g(x) is a factor of f(x), that is f(3) = 0On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(3) = 3

^{3 }– 6 × 3^{2 }+ 11 × 3 – 6= 27 – (6 × 9) + 33 – 6

= 27 – 54 + 33 – 6

= 60 – 60

= 0

Since, the result is 0,

Hence, proved that g(x) is a factor of f(x).

### Question 2. f(x) = 3x^{4 }+ 17x^{3 }+ 9x^{2 }– 7x – 10, g(x) = x + 5

**Solution: **

Given:f(x) = 3x^{4 }+ 17x^{3 }+ 9x^{2 }– 7x – 10, g(x) = x + 5Here,

x + 5 = 0

x = -5

To prove: g(x) is a factor of f(x), that is f(-5) = 0On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(-5) = 3(-5)

^{4}+ 17(-5)^{3}+ 9(-5)^{2}– 7(-5) – 10= 3 × 625 + 17 × (-125) + 9 × 25 + 35 – 10

= 1875 – 2125 + 225 + 35 – 10

= 2135 – 2135

= 0

Since, the result is 0,

Hence, proved that g(x) is a factor of f(x).

### Question 3. f(x) = x^{5 }+ 3x^{4 }– x^{3 }– 3x^{2 }+ 5x + 15, g(x) = x + 3

**Solution: **

Given:f(x) = x^{5 }+ 3x^{4 }– x^{3 }– 3x^{2 }+ 5x + 15, g(x) = x + 3Here,

x + 3 = 0

x = -3

To prove:g(x) is a factor of f(x), that is f(-3) = 0On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(-3) = (-3)

^{5 }+ 3(-3)^{4 }– (-3)^{3 }– 3(-3)^{2 }+ 5(-3) + 15= -243 + 243 + 27 – 27 – 15 + 15

= 0

Since, the result is 0,

Hence, proved that g(x) is a factor of f(x).

### Question 4. f(x) = x^{3 }– 6x^{2 }– 19x + 84, g(x) = x – 7

**Solution: **

Given:f(x) = x^{3 }– 6x^{2 }– 19x + 84, g(x) = x – 7Here,

x – 7 = 0

x = 7

To prove:g(x) is a factor of f(x), that is f(7) = 0On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(7) = 7

^{3 }– 6 × 7^{2 }– 19 × 7 + 84= 343 – (6 × 49) – (19 × 7) + 84

= 343 – 294 – 133 + 84

= 427 – 427

= 0

Since, the result is 0,

Hence, proved that g(x) is a factor of f(x).

### Question 5. f(x) = 3x^{3 }+ x^{2 }– 20x + 12, g(x) = 3x – 2

**Solution: **

Given:f(x) = 3x^{3 }+ x^{2 }– 20x + 12, g(x) = 3x – 2Here,

3x – 2 = 0

x = 2/3

To prove:g(x) is a factor of f(x), that is f(2/3) = 0On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

Taking L.C.M

=

= 0

Since, the result is 0,

Hence, proved that g(x) is a factor of f(x).

### Question 6. f(x) = 2x^{3 }– 9x^{2 }+ x + 13, g(x) = 3 – 2x

**Solution: **

Given:f(x) = 2x^{3 }– 9x^{2 }+ x + 13, g(x) = 3 – 2xHere,

3 – 2x = 0

x = 3/2

To prove:g(x) is a factor of f(x), that is f(3/2) = 0On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

= 0

Since, the result is 0,

Hence, proved that g(x) is a factor of f(x).

### Question 7. f(x) = x^{3 }– 6x^{2 }+ 11x – 6, g(x) = x^{2 }– 3x + 2

**Solution: **

Given:f(x) = x^{3 }– 6x^{2 }+ 11x – 6, g(x) = x^{2 }– 3x + 2Here,

x

^{2 }– 3x + 2 = 0On factorizing the above, we get

⇒ x

^{2}– 3x + 2 = 0⇒ x

^{2 }– 2x – x + 2 = 0⇒ x(x – 2) – 1(x – 2)

⇒ (x – 1)(x – 2) are the factors

To prove:g(x) is a factor of f(x), that is f(1) and f(2) should be 0Let x = 1

On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(1) = 1

^{3 }– 6 × 1^{2 }+ 11 × 1 – 6= 1 – 6 + 11 – 6

= 12 – 12

= 0

Let x = 2

On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(x) = 2

^{3 }– 6 × 2^{2 }+ 11 × 2 – 6= 8 – (6 × 4) + 22 – 6

= 8 – 24 +22 – 6

= 30 – 30

= 0

Since, the results are 0 g(x) is the factor of f(x)

### Question 8. Show that (x – 2), (x + 3) and (x – 4) are the factors of x^{3 }– 3x^{2 }– 10x + 24

**Solution: **

Given:f(x) = x

^{3 }– 3x^{2 }– 10x + 24Factors given are (x – 2), (x + 3) and (x – 4)

To prove:g(x) is a factor of f(x), that is f(2), f(-3), f(4) should be 0Here, x – 2 = 0

Let, x = 2

On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(2) = 2

^{3 }– 3 × 2^{2 }– 10 × 2 + 24= 8 – (3 × 4) – 20 + 24

= 8 – 12 – 20 + 24

= 32 – 32

= 0

Here, x + 3 = 0

Let, x = -3

On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(-3) = (-3)

^{3 }– 3 × (-3)^{2 }– 10 × (-3) + 24= -27 -3(9) + 30 + 24

= -27- 27 + 30 + 24

= 54 – 54

= 0

Here, x – 4 = 0

Let, x = 4

On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(4) = (4)

^{3 }– 3 × (4)^{2 }– 10 × (4) + 24= 64 – 3(16) – 40 + 24

= 64 – 48 – 40 + 24

= 84 – 84

= 0

Since, the results are 0, g(x) is the factor of f(x)

### Question 9. Show that (x + 4), (x – 3) and (x – 7) are the factors of x^{3 }– 6x^{2 }– 19x + 84

**Solution: **

Given:f(x) = x

^{3 }– 6x^{2}– 19x + 84Factors given are (x + 4), (x – 3) and (x – 7)

To prove:g(x) is a factor of f(x), that is f(4), f(3), f(-7) should be 0Here, x + 4 = 0

Let, x = -4

On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(-4) = (-4)

^{3 }– 6(-4)^{2 }– 19(-4) + 84= -64 – (6 × 16) – 19 × (-4) + 84

= -64 – 96 + 76 + 84

= 160 – 160

= 0

Here, x – 3 = 0

Let, x = 3

On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(3) = (3)

^{3 }– 6(3)^{2 }– 19(3) + 84= 27 – 6(9) – 19 × 3 + 84

= 27 – 54 – 57 + 84

= 111 – 111

= 0

Here, x – 7 = 0

Let, x = 7

On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(7) = (7)

^{3 }– 6(7)^{2 }– 19(7) + 84= 343 – 6(49) – 19 × 7 + 84

= 343 – 294 – 133 + 84

= 427 – 427

= 0

Since, the results are 0, g(x) is the factor of f(x)

### Question 10. For what value of a is (x – 5) a factor of x^{3 }– 3x^{2 }+ ax – 10

**Solution: **

Here, f(x) = x

^{3 }– 3x^{2 }+ ax – 10By factor theorem

If (x – 5) is the factor of f(x) then, f(5) = 0

⇒ x – 5 = 0

⇒ x = 5

On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(5) = 5

^{3 }– 3 × 5^{2 }+ a × 5 – 10= 125 – (3 × 25) + 5a -10

= 125 – 75 + 5a – 10

= 5a + 40

Equate f(5) to zero

f(5) = 0

⇒ 5a + 40 = 0

⇒ 5a = -40

⇒ a = -40/5

⇒ a = -8

When a = -8, then (x – 5) will be factor of f(x)

### Question 11. Find the value of such that (x – 4) is a factor of 5x^{3 }– 7x^{2 }– ax – 28

**Solution: **

Given:f(x) = 5x^{3}– 7x^{2}– ax – 28Using factor theorem

(x – 4) is the factor of f(x), then f(4) = 0

⇒ x – 4 = 0

⇒ x = 4

On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(4) = 5(4)

^{3 }– 7(4)^{2 }– a × 4 – 28= 5(64) – 7(16) – 4a – 28

= 320 – 112 – 4a – 28

= 180 – 4a

Equate f(4) to zero, to find a

f(4) = 0

⇒ 180 – 4a = 0

⇒ a = 180/4

⇒ a = 45

When a = 45, then (x – 4) will be factor of f(x)

### Question 12. Find the value of a, if (x + 2) is a factor of 4x^{4 }+ 2x^{3 }– 3x^{2 }+ 8x + 5a

**Solution: **

Given:f(x) = 4x^{4}+ 2x^{3}– 3x^{2}+ 8x + 5aUsing factor theorem

If (x + 2) is the factor of f(x), then f(-2) should be zero

⇒ x + 2 =0

⇒ x = -2

On substituting the value of x in f(x), we get

f(-2) = 4(-2)

^{4}+ 2(-2)^{3}– 3(-2)^{2}+ 8(-2) + 5a= 4(16) + 2 (-8) – 3(4) – 16 + 5a

= 64 – 16 – 12 -16 + 5a

= 5a + 20

Equate f(-2) to 0

f(-2) = 4(-2)

^{2}+ 2(-2)^{3}– 3(-2)^{2}+ 8(-2) + 5a= 4(16) + 2(-8) – 3(4) – 16 + 5a

= 64 – 16 – 12 – 16 + 5a

= 5a + 20

Equate f(-2) to 0

f(-2) = 0

⇒ 5a + 20 = 0

⇒ 5a = – 20

⇒ a = -4

When a = -4, then (x + 2) is the factor of f(x)

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