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Class 9 RD Sharma Solutions – Chapter 10 Congruent Triangles- Exercise 10.4
  • Last Updated : 11 Dec, 2020

Question 1: In figure, It is given that AB = CD and AD = BC. Prove that ΔADC ≅ ΔCBA.

Solution:

Given:
AB = CD and AD = BC.

To prove:
ΔADC ≅ ΔCBA

Consider ΔADC and ΔCBA.
AB = CD {Given}
BC = AD {Given}
And AC = AC {Common side}
So, 
By SSS congruence criterion, we have
ΔADC≅ ΔCBA



Hence, proved.

Question 2: In a ΔPQR, if PQ = QR and L, M and N are the mid-points of the sides PQ, QR and RP respectively. Prove that LN = MN.

Solution:

Given: 

In Δ PQR, PQ = QR and L, M and N are the mid-points of the sides PQ, QR and RP respectively

To prove: 
LN = MN

Join L and M, M and N, N and L
We have PL = LQ, QM = MR and RN = NP
[Since, L, M and N are mid-points of PQ, QR and RP respectively]
And also PQ = QR
PL = LQ = QM = MR = PN = LR —->(equation 1)

MN || PQ and MN =  PQ    { Using mid-point theorem}
                                   2
MN = PL = LQ —->(equation 2)

Similarly, we have
LN || QR and LN =  QR 
                                2
LN = QM = MR —->(equation 3)

From (equation 1), (equation 2) and (equation 3), 
We have
PL = LQ = QM = MR = MN = LN
This implies, LN = MN

Hence, Proved.

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