Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Improve Article
Class 9 NCERT Solutions- Chapter 15 Probability – Exercise 15.1
  • Last Updated : 25 Jan, 2021

Question 1. In a cricket match, a batswoman hits a boundary 6 times out of 30 balls she plays. Find the probability that she did not hit a boundary.

Solution:

Data given in the question: 
Total number of balls batswoman plays = 30 
Numbers of boundary hit by batswoman = 6 
To find number of time batswoman didn’t hit boundary , we will substract 
⇒(Total number of balls batswoman plays) – (Numbers of boundary hit by batswoman) 
⇒ 30 – 6 = 24 
Probability of that she did’t hit a boundary = 24/30 = 4/5

Question 2. 1500 families with 2 children were selected randomly, and the following data were recorded:

Number of girls in a family210
Number of families475814211

Compute the probability of a family, chosen at random, having

(i) 2 girls (ii) 1 girl (iii) No girl

Solution:

According to question 
Total numbers of families given in the question 1500 
(i) Numbers of families having 2 girls = 475 
Probability of choosen 2 girls = Numbers of families having 2 girls / Total numbers of families 
= 475/1500 = 19/60 
Probability of choosen 2 girls is 19/60 

(ii) Numbers of families having 1 girls = 814 
Probability of choosen 1 girl = Numbers of families having 1 girl / Total numbers of families 
= 814/1500 = 407/750 
Probability of choosen 1 girl is 407/750 



(iii) Numbers of families having 2 girls = 211 
Probability of choosen 0 girl = Numbers of families having 0 girls/Total numbers of families 
= 211/1500 

Sum of the probability = (19/60)+(407/750)+(211/1500) 
= (475+814+211)/1500 
= 1500/1500 = 1 

Yes, the sum of these probabilities is 1.

Question 3. Refer to Example 5, Section 14.4, Chapter 14. Find the probability that a student of the class was born in August.

Solution:

According to questions: 
Total number of students in the class in the given question = 40 
Numbers of students born in August = 6 
The probability that a student of the class was born in August = (Total numbers of students in the class) / 
(Numbers of students born in August) 
= 6/40 = 3/20

Question 4. Three coins are tossed simultaneously 200 times with the following frequencies of different outcomes:

Outcome3heads2heads1 headNo heads
Frequency23727728

If the three coins are simultaneously tossed again, compute the probability of 2 heads coming up. 

Solution:

Number of times 2 heads come up (in the given question) = 72 
Total number of times the coins were tossed = 200 
The probability of 2 heads coming up = (Number of times 2 heads come up) / (Total number of times the coins were tossed) 
= 72/200 = 9/25

Question 5. An organisation selected 2400 families at random and surveyed them to determine a relationship between income level and the number of vehicles in a family. 

The information gathered is listed in the table below:

Monthly income



(in ₹)

012Above 2
Less than 700010160250
7000-100000305272
7000-100001535291
13000-1600024695925
16000 or more15798288

Suppose a family is chosen. Find the probability that the family chosen is

(i) earning ₹10000 – 13000 per month and owning exactly 2 vehicles.

(ii) earning ₹16000 or more per month and owning exactly 1 vehicle.

(iii) earning less than ₹7000 per month and does not own any vehicle.

(iv) earning ₹13000 – 16000 per month and owning more than 2 vehicles.

(v) owning not more than 1 vehicle.  

Solution:

Total number of families = 2400 (According to question) 

(i) Numbers of families earning ₹10000 –13000 per month and owning exactly 2 vehicles = 29 
The probability that the family chosen is earning ₹10000 – 13000 per month and owning exactly 2 vehicles = 
(Numbers of families earning ₹10000 –13000 per month and owning exactly 2 vehicles) / (Total number of families) 
= 29/2400 



(ii) Number of families earning ₹16000 or more per month and owning exactly 1 vehicle = 579 
The probability that the family chosen is earning ₹16000 or more per month and owning exactly 1 vehicle = 
(Number of families earning ₹16000 or more per month and owning exactly 1 vehicle) / (Total number of families) 
=579/2400 

(iii) Number of families earning less than ₹7000 per month and does not own any vehicle = 10 
The probability that the family chosen is earning less than ₹7000 per month and does not own any vehicle = 
(Number of families earning less than ₹7000 per month and does not own any vehicle)/(Total number of families) 
= 10/2400 = 1/240 

(iv) Number of families earning ₹13000-16000 per month and owning more than 2 vehicles = 25 
The probability that the family chosen is earning ₹13000 – 16000 per month and owning more than 2 vehicles = 
(Number of families earning ₹13000-16000 per month and owning more than 2 vehicles ) / (Total number of families) 
= 25/2400 = 1/96 

(v) Number of families owning not more than 1 vehicle = 10+160+0+305+1+535+2+469+1+579 = 2062 
The probability that the family chosen owns not more than 1 vehicle = 2062/2400 = 1031/1200

Question 6. Refer to Table 14.7, Chapter 14.

(i) Find the probability that a student obtained less than 20% in the mathematics test.

(ii) Find the probability that a student obtained marks 60 or above.

Solution:

Total number of students = 90 
(given in question) 
(i) Number of students who obtained less than 20% in the mathematics test = 7 
The probability that a student obtained less than 20% in the mathematics test = 
( Number of students who obtained less than 20% in the mathematics test)/(Total number of students) 
= 7/90 

(ii) Number of students who obtained marks 60 or above = 15+8 = 23 

The probability that a student obtained marks 60 or above = 

(Number of students who obtained marks 60 or above ) / (Total number of students) 

= 23/90

Question 7. To know the opinion of the students about the subject statistics, a survey of 200 students was conducted.

The data is recorded in the following table

OpinionNumber of students
like135
dislike65

Find the probability that a student chosen at random

(i) likes statistics, (ii) does not like it.

Solution:

Total number of students = 135+65 = 200 (According to question) 
(i) Number of students who like statistics = 135 
The probability that a student likes statistics = (Number of students who like statistics) / (Total number of students) 
= 135/200 = 27/40 

(ii) Number of students who do not like statistics = 65 
The probability that a student does not like statistics = 
(Number of students who do not like statistics) / (Total number of students) 
= 65/200 = 13/40

Question 8. Refer to Q.2, Exercise 14.2. What is the empirical probability that an engineer lives:

(i) less than 7 km from her place of work?

(ii) more than or equal to 7 km from her place of work?

(iii) Within ½ km from her place of work?

Solution:

The distance (in km) of 40 engineers from their residence to their place of work were found as follows: 

5 3 10 20 25 11 13 7 12 31 19 10 12 17 18 11 3 2 

17 16 2 7 9 7 8 3 5 12 15 18 3 12 14 2 9 6 

15 15 7 6 12 

Total numbers of engineers = 40 
(According to question) 

(i) Number of engineers living less than 7 km from their place of work = 9 

The probability that an engineer lives less than 7 km from her place of work = 
(Number of engineers living less than 7 km from their place of work) / (Total numbers of engineers ) 
= 9/40 

(ii) Number of engineers living more than or equal to 7 km from their place of work = 40-9 = 31 

Probability that an engineer lives more than or equal to 7 km from her place of work = 
(Number of engineers living more than or equal to 7 km from their place of work ) / (Total numbers of engineers) 
= 31/40 

(iii) Number of engineers living within ½ km from their place of work = 0 

The probability that an engineer lives within ½ km from her place of work = 
(Number of engineers living within ½ km from their place of work) / (Total numbers of engineers) 
=0/40 = 0

Question 9. Activity: Note the frequency of two-wheelers, three-wheelers and four-wheelers going past during a time interval, in front of your school gate. Find the probability that any one vehicle out of the total vehicles you have observed is a two-wheeler.

Solution:

The question is an activity to be performed by the students.

Question 10. Activity: Ask all the students in your class to write a 3-digit number. Choose any student from the room at random. What is the probability that the number written by her/him is divisible by 3? Remember that a number is divisible by 3, if the sum of its digits is divisible by 3.

Solution:

The question is an activity to be performed by the students.

Question 11. Eleven bags of wheat flour, each marked 5 kg, actually contained the following weights of flour (in kg):

4.97      5.05      5.08     5.03     5.00     5.06     5.08      4.98       5.04       5.07       5.00

Find the probability that any of these bags chosen at random contains more than 5 kg of flour.

Solution:

Data given in the question 
Total number of bags present = 11 
Number of bags containing more than 5 kg of flour = 7 
The probability that any of the bags chosen at random contains more than 5 kg of flour = 
(Number of bags containing more than 5 kg of flour) / (Total number of bags present) 
= 7/11

Question 12. In Q.5, Exercise 14.2, you were asked to prepare a frequency distribution table, regarding the concentration of sulphur dioxide in the air in parts per million of a certain city for 30 days. Using this table, find the probability of the concentration of sulphur dioxide in the interval 0.12-0.16 on any of these days.

The data obtained for 30 days is as follows:

0.03      0.08      0.08      0.09      0.04      0.17      0.16      0.05      0.02      0.06      0.18      0.20      0.11      0.08      0.12      0.13      0.22      0.07      0.08     0.01      0.10      0.06      0.09      0.18      0.11      0.07      0.05      0.07      0.01      0.04

Solution:

Total number of days in which the data was recorded = 30 days (According to the question) 
Numbers of days in which sulphur dioxide was present in between the interval 0.12-0.16 = 2 
The probability of the concentration of sulphur dioxide in the interval 0.12-0.16 on any of these days = 
(Numbers of days in which sulphur dioxide was present in between the interval 0.12-0.16) / 
(Total number of days in which the data was recorded ) 
= 2/30 = 1/15

Question 13. In Q.1, Exercise 14.2, you were asked to prepare a frequency distribution table regarding the blood groups of 30 students of a class. Use this table to determine the probability that a student of this class, selected at random, has blood group AB.

The blood groups of 30 students of Class VIII are recorded as follows:

A, B, O, O, AB, O, A, O, B, A, O, B, A, O, O, A, AB, O, A, A, O, O, AB, B, A, O, B, A, B, O.

Solution:

Total numbers of students = 30 (according to questions) 
Number of students having blood group AB = 3 
The probability that a student of this class, selected at random, has blood group 

AB = (Number of students having blood group AB) / (Total numbers of students) 
= 3/30 = 1/10

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :