Question 1.In fig. 10.36, A, B, and C are three points on a circle with Centre O such that ∠BOC=30° and ∠AOB=60°. If D is a point on the circle other than the arc ABC, find ∠ADC.
Given: ∠BOC=30° and ∠AOB=60°
To find: ∠ADC
Solution: ∠AOC=2∠ADC ———[The angle subtended by an arc at the centre is double the angle the angle subtended by it any point on the remaining part of the circle.]
Question 2. A chord of a circle is equal to the radius of the circle. Find the angle subtended by the chord at a point on the minor arc and also at a point on the major arc.
To find: Angle on major arc is ∠A=?
Angle on the minor arc is ∠B=?
∠POQ=2∠PAQ [The angle subtended by an arc at the centre is double the angle subtended by it any point on the remining point of the circle]
Question 3. In fig. 10.37, ∠PQR=100°,where P, Q and R are the points on a circle with centre O. Find ∠OPR.
To find: ∠OPR=?
Reflex ∠POR=2∠PQR ——–[ The angle subtended by an arc at the centre is double the angle subtended by it any point on the remining point of the circle]
Now in ∆POR,OP=QR [ Radii of same circle]
∠P=∠R and let each =x.
∴∠P+∠O+∠R=180° [angle sum property of ∆]
Question 4. In fig. 10.38, ∠ADC=69°,∠ACB=31°,find ∠BDC.
To find: ∠BDC=?
Solution: In ∆ABC
∠A+∠B+∠C=180° ———[Angle sum property of ∆]
∠A and ∠D lie on the same segment therefore,
Question 5. In fig., A, B, C and D are four points on a circle.AC and BD intersect at a point E such that ∠BEC=130° and ∠ECD=20°. Find ∠BAC.
To find: ∠BAC?
Solution: In ∆EDC
∠E=180°-130° ———[linear pair]
∠E+∠C+∠D=180° ——[angle sum property of triangle]
Since, ∠A and ∠D line in the same segment
Question 6. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral whose diagonals intersect at a point E. If ∠DBC =70°, ∠BAC is 30°, find ∠BCD. Further, if AB=BC, find ∠ECD.
Given: ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral diagonal intersect at E ∠DBC=70°, ∠BAC is 30°. If AB=BC.
To find: ∠BCD and ∠ECD
∠BDC=∠BAC=30° ——-[angle in the same segment]
∠B+∠C+∠D=180° ——–[angle sum property of ttriangle]
Question 7. If diagonals of a cyclic quadrilateral are diameters of the circle through the vertices of the quadrilateral, prove that it is a rectangle.
Given: ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral. Diagonals of ABCD are also diameters of circle.
To prove: ABCD is a rectangle
AC=BD ———-[diameters of same circle]
OA=OA ———[radii of the same circle]
From I and 2 diagonals are equal and bisect each other
∴ABCD is a rectangle
Question 8. If the non-parallel sides of a trapezium are equal, prove that it is cyclic.
Draw DL perpendicular AB and EF perpendicular AB
In ∆DEA and ∆CEB
∠E=∠F ——–[each 90°]
DE=CF ——–[distance between || lines is same every line]
∠A=∠B ———[by c.p.c.t.] 1
∠1=∠2 (from 1)
Adding 90° on each sides
Because sum of opposite angles is 180°.
ABCD is parallelogram.
Question 9. Two circles intersect at two points B and C. Through B, two-line segments ABD and PBQ are drawn to intersect the circles at A, D, and P, Q respectively (see fig. 10.40). Prove that ∠ACP=∠QCD.
To prove: ∠ACP=∠QCD or ∠1=∠2
∠1=∠2 —— [angles in the same segment are equal] 1
∠ 3=∠ 4 ——- [angles in the same segment are equal] 2
∠2=∠4 ——- [vertically opposite angles] 3
From 1 2 and 3
Question 10. If circles are drawn taking two sides of a triangle as diameters, prove that the point of intersection of these circles lie on the third side.
Given: ABC is ∆ and AB and AC are diameters of two circles
To prove: Point of intersection is D, lies on the BC.
Construction: Join AD
∠ADB=90° ——-[angles in semicircle] 1
∠ADC=90 ° ——[angles in semicircle] 2
Adding 1 and 2
BDC is a straight line therefore D lies on BC.
Question 11. ABC and ADC are two right triangles with common hypotenuse AC. Prove that ∠CAD=∠CBD.
Given: ABC and ADC are two right angle triangles with common hypotenuse AC.
To prove: ∠ADB=∠CBD
Circle drawn by taking AC as diameter passes through B and D.
For chord CD
∠CAD=∠CBD ——-[angle in the same segment]
Question 12. Prove that a cyclic parallelogram is rectangle.
Given: ABC is a cyclic ||gm
To prove: ABCD is a rectangle.
Because ABCD is a cyclic ||gm
∠A=∠C [opposite angle of ||gm]
∴∠B=∠D =(180°)/2=90° ———-[opposite of a ||gm]
Each angle of ABCD is 90°
Thus, ABCD is a rectangle.