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Class 8 NCERT Solutions – Chapter 4 Practical Geometry – Exercise 4.3

  • Last Updated : 04 May, 2021

Construct the following quadrilaterals:

  1. Quadrilateral MORE
    MO = 6 cm, ∠R = 105°, OR = 4.5 cm, ∠M = 60°, ∠O = 105°
     
  2. Quadrilateral PLAN
    PL = 4 cm, LA = 6.5 cm, ∠P = 90°, ∠A = 110°, ∠N = 85°
     
  3. Parallelogram HEAR
    HE = 5 cm, EA = 6 cm, ∠R = 85°
     
  4. Rectangle OKAY
    OK = 7 cm, KA = 5 cm

Solutions:

1. Quadrilateral MORE

Given

MO = 6 cm, ∠R = 105°, OR = 4.5 cm, ∠M = 60°, ∠O = 105°

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Steps for Construction



Step 1: Draw a line ‘OR’ measuring = 4.5 cm.

Step 2: Draw angles of 105° from both the points ‘O’ and ‘R’, as shown below

Step 3: Open an arc of 6 cm then cut ‘OM’ of 6 cm, as shown in the figure below
 

Step 4: Now make an angle of 60° from point ‘M’ which will further join point ‘E’.

Step 5: We have the quadrilateral ‘MORE’
 



2. Quadrilateral PLAN

Given

PL = 4 cm, LA = 6.5 cm, ∠P = 90°, ∠A = 110°, ∠N = 85°

First we will find angle L,
Sum of angles of a quadrilateral = 360°
∠P + ∠A + ∠N + ∠L = 360°
90° + 110° + 85° + ∠L = 360°
∠L = 360° – 285°
∠L = 75°

Steps for Construction

Step 1: Draw a line segment LA = 6.5 cm.

Step 2: Draw an angle of 75° from point L.

Step 3: Draw another angle of 110° from point A

Step 4: From point L cut PL=4 cm.

Step 5: From point P draw an angle of 90° which intersect the angle line extended through A at N.
 



Hence, we have our required quadrilateral PLAN.

3. Parallelogram HEAR

Given

HE = 5 cm, EA = 6 cm, ∠R = 85°

Steps for Construction

Step 1: Draw a line segment HE = 5 cm

Step 2: From point E draw an angle of 85°.

Step 3: From point E cut EA = 6 cm

Step 4: Draw an arc from center A of 5 cm, draw another arc of 6 cm with centre E, and further mark point R at the intersection of both the arcs. as shown below:

Step 5: Join HR and AR respectively.
 

Thus, we have the required quadrilateral HEAR.

4. Rectangle OKAY

Given

OK = 7 cm, KA = 5 cm

All the angles of a rectangle are 90° and the opposite sides are equal.

Steps for Construction

Step 1: Draw a line segment OK = 7 cm.

Step 2: Draw an 90° angle from point O.



Step 3: Taking point O as radius draw an arc of 5 cm as shown, and mark the point Y.

Step 4: Taking Points K and Y as centre draw arcs of 5 cm and 7 cm respectively, intersect both the arcs at point A.
 

Step 5: Join KA and AY.
 

Thus, we have the required rectangle OKAY.

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