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• RD Sharma Class 12 Solutions for Maths

# Class 12 RD Sharma Solutions – Chapter 20 Definite Integrals – Exercise 20.3 | Set 2

### Question 15.

Solution:

We have,

I =

Since f(- x) = sin|- x| + cos|- x|

= sin |x| + cos |x|

= f(x)

So, f(x) is an even function.

Therefore, we get

I =

I =

I =

I = 2 (0 + 1 + 1 – 0)

I = 4

### Question 16.

Solution:

We have,

I =

We know,

So we get,

I =

I =

I =

I = -1/2 + 1 – 0 + 8 – 4 – 1/2 + 1

I = 5

### Question 17.

Solution:

We have,

I =

We know,

So we get,

I =

I =

I = 8 – 4 – 1/2 + 1 – (2 – 4 – 1/2 + 2) + 8 – 8 – 2 + 4 – (8 – 16 – 1/2 + 4)

I = 23/2

### Question 18.

Solution:

We have,

I =

We know,

So we get,

I =

I =

I = 25/2 – (2 – 4 – 25/2 + 10) – 2 + 4 + (-25/2 + 25)

I = 63/2

### Question 19.

Solution:

We have,

I =

We know,

So we get,

I =

I =

I = 8 – (2 – 4) + 8 – 8 – 2 + 4 – (8 – 16)

I = 20

### Question 20.

Solution:

We have,

I =

We know,

When –1 < x < 0,

|x + 1| + |x| + |x – 1| = x + 1 + (- x) + [-(x – 1)]

= 2 – x

And when 0 < x < 1,

|x + 1| + |x| + |x – 1| = x + 1 + x + [-(x – 1)]

= x + 2

And when 1 ≤ x ≤ 2,

|x + 1| + |x| + |x – 1| = x + 1 + x + x – 1

= 3x

So we get,

I =

I =

I =

I = – 1/2(4 – 9) + 1/2( 9 – 4) + 3/2(4 – 1)

I = 5/2 + 5/2 + 9/2

I = 19/2

### Question 21.

Solution:

We have,

I =

Now here,

f(- x) = (- x)e|- x|

= – x e|x|

= – f(x)

So, f(x) is an odd function.

Therefore we get,

I =

I = 0

### Question 22.

Solution:

We have,

I =

I =

As we know,

I =

I =

I =

I =

I =

I = -1/2(0 + π/4) + 1/4(0 + sin π/2) + 1/2 ( π/2 – 0) – 1/4(sin π – 0)

I = – π/8 + 1/4 (0 + 1) + π/8 – 1/4 (0 – 0)

I = π/8 + 1/4

### Question 23.

Solution:

We have,

I =

Now here,

f(π – x) = cos(π – x)|cos(π – x)|

= -cos x|-cos x|

= – cos x|cos x|

= – f(x)

So, f(x) is an odd function.

Therefore we get,

I =

I = 0

### Question 24.

Solution:

We have,

I =

Now here,

f(- x) = 2sin|- x| + cos|- x|

= 2sin|x| + cos|x|

= f(x)

So, f(x) is an odd function.

Therefore we get,

I =

I =

As we know,

I =

I =

I =

I = – 4(cos π/2 – cos 0) + 2(sin π/2 – sin 0)

I = –4 ( 0 – 1) + 2 (1 – 0)

I = 4 + 2

I = 6

### Question 25.

Solution:

We have,

I =

I =

I =

As π/2 ≤ x ≤ π, we get

=> –π ≤ –x ≤ –π/2

=> 0 ≤ π – x ≤ π/2

So, we get

I =

I = 1/2 (π2/4 – π2/4) – 1/2( 0 – π2/4)

I = 0 + π2/8

I = π2/8

### Question 26.

Solution:

We have,

I =

I =

I =

As we know,

= √cos x|-sin x|

= √cos x|sin x|

= f(x)

So, f(x) is an odd function.

Therefore we get,

I =

I =

As we know, ,

I =

I =

Let cos x = z2. So, we have

=> – sin x dx = 2z dz

Now, the lower limit is, x = 0

=> z2 = cos x

=> z2 = cos 0

=> z2 = 1

=> z = 1

Also, the upper limit is, x = π/2

=> z2 = cos x

=> z2 = cos π/2

=> z2 = 0

=> z = 0

So, the equation becomes,

I =

I =

I =

I =

I =

I = – π/2(log1 – log0) + π/2(log1 – log2) + π(tan-1 0 – tan-1 1)

I = – π/2[0 – ∞] + π/2(0 – log2) + π(0 – π/4)

I = -∞ – π/2 log2 – π2/4

I = –∞

Solution:

We have,

I =

I =

As we know,

I =

I =

I =

I = 4 – 1

I = 3

### Question 28.

Solution:

We have,

I =

I =

As we know, π ≤ x ≤ 2π

=> –2π ≤ –x ≤ –π

=> 0 ≤ 2π – x ≤ π

Therefore, we get

I =

I =

I = 1/2( π – 0) – 1/2(0 – π)

I = π2/2 + π2/2

I = π2

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