Choropleth Maps using Plotly in Python
Plotly is a Python library that is very popular among data scientists to create interactive data visualizations. One of the visualizations available in Plotly is Choropleth Maps. Choropleth maps are used to plot maps with shaded or patterned areas which are proportional to a statistical variable. They are composed of colored polygons. They are used for representing spatial variations of a quantity.
To create them, we require two main types of inputs –
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- Geometric information –
- this can be a GeoJSON file (here each feature has an id or some identifying value in properties, or
- this can be built-in geometries of plotly – US states and world countries
- A list of values with feature identifier as index
Syntax – plotly.express.choropleth((data_frame=None, lat=None, lon=None, locations=None, locationmode=None, geojson=None, color=None, scope=None, center=None, title=None, width=None, height=None)
- lat = this value is used to position marks according to latitude on a map
- long = this value is used to position marks according to longitude on a map
- locations = this value is interpreted according to locationmode and mapped to longitude/latitude.
- locationmode = one of ‘ISO-3’, ‘USA-states’, or ‘country names’. this determines the set of locations used to match entries in locations to regions on the map.
- geojson = contains a Polygon feature collection, with IDs, which are references from locations
- color = used to assign color to marks
- scope = possible values – ‘world’, ‘usa’, ‘europe’, ‘asia’, ‘africa’, ‘north america’, or ‘south america’`Default is `’world’ unless projection is set to ‘albers usa’, which forces ‘usa’
- center = sets the center point of the map
A choropleth map can be used to highlight or depict specific areas. The implementation of achieving such functionality is given below.
In this example, we will take a dataset of US-states and create a choropleth map for US Agriculture Exports by USA in 2011.
Dataset Link – Click here