Given a number n, the task is to check whether it can be expressed as a sum of two or more consecutive numbers or not.
Input : n = 10 Output : true It can be expressed as sum of two consecutive numbers 1 + 2 + 3 + 4. Input : n = 16 Output : false It cannot be expressed as sum of two consecutive numbers. Input : n = 5 Output : true 2 + 3 = 5
There is a direct and quick method to solve this. If a number is a power of two, then it cannot be expressed as a sum of consecutive numbers otherwise Yes.
The idea is based on below two facts.
1) Sum of any two consecutive numbers is odd as one of them has to be even and other odd.
2) 2n = 2n-1 + 2n-1
If we take a closer look at 1) and 2), we can get intuition behind the fact.
Below is implementation of above idea.
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