Check length of a string is equal to the number appended at its last

Given a string that (may) be appended with a number at last. You need to find whether the length of string excluding that number is equal to that number. For example for “helloworld10”, answer is True as helloworld consist of 10 letters. Length of String is less than 10, 000.

Examples :

Input:  str = "geeks5"
Output:  Yes
Explanation : As geeks is of 5 length and at 
              last number is also 5.

Input:  str = "geeksforgeeks15"
Output:  No
Explanation: As geeksforgeeks is of 13 length and
             at last number is 15 i.e. not equal

Asked in: Codenation Interview

A Naive approach is to traverse from starting and retrieve the number from string and check if length of string – digits in the number = number or Not

An efficient method is to do following steps

  1. Traverse string from end and keep storing the number till it is smaller than the length of the overall string.
  2. If the number is equal to length of string except that number’s digits then return true.
  3. Else return false.

C++

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// C++ program to check if size of string is appended
// at the end or not.
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
  
// Function to find if given number is equal to
// length or not
bool isequal(string str)
{
    int n = str.length();
  
    // Traverse string from end and find the number
    // stored at the end.
    // x is used to store power of 10.
    int num = 0, x = 1, i = n - 1;
    for (i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
        if ('0' <= str[i] && str[i] <= '9') {
            num = (str[i] - '0') * x + num;
            x = x * 10;
            if(num>=n)
                return false;
        }
        else
            break;
    }
  
    // Check if number is equal to string length except
    // that number's digits
    return num == i + 1;
}
  
// Drivers code
int main()
{
    string str = "geeksforgeeks13";
    isequal(str) ? cout << "Yes" : cout << "No";
    return 0;
}

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Java

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// Java program to check if size of
// string is appended at the end or not.
import java.io.*;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Function to find if given number is 
    // equal to length or not
    static boolean isequal(String str)
    {
        int n = str.length();
  
        // Traverse string from end and find the number
        // stored at the end.
        // x is used to store power of 10.
        int num = 0, x = 1, i = n - 1;
        for (i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--) 
        {
            if ('0' <= str.charAt(i) && 
                str.charAt(i) <= '9')
            {
                num = (str.charAt(i) - '0') * x + num;
                x = x * 10;
                if(num>=n)
                    return false;
            }
            else
                break;
        }
  
        // Check if number is equal to string 
        // length except that number's digits
        return num == i + 1;
    }
  
    // Drivers code
    static public void main(String[] args)
    {
        String str = "geeksforgeeks13";
        if (isequal(str))
            System.out.println("Yes");
        else
            System.out.println("No");
    }
}
  
// This Code is contributed by vt_m.

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Python 3

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# Python 3 program to check if size of 
# string is appended at the end or not.
  
# Function to find if given number 
# is equal to length or not
def isequal(str):
  
    n = len(str)
  
    # Traverse string from end and 
    # find the number stored at the end.
    # x is used to store power of 10.
    num = 0
    x = 1
    i = n - 1
    for i in range(n - 1, -1,-1) :
        if ('0' <= str[i] and str[i] <= '9') :
            num = (ord(str[i]) - ord('0')) * x + num
            x = x * 10
            if (num>=n):
                return false
      
        else:
            break
  
    # Check if number is equal to string 
    # length except that number's digits
    return num == i + 1
  
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__":
      
    str = "geeksforgeeks13"
    print("Yes") if isequal(str) else print("No")
  
# This code is contributed by ChitraNayal

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C#

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// C# program to check if size of 
// string is appended at the end or not.
using System;
  
class GFG {
  
    // Function to find if given number 
    // is equal to length or not
    static bool isequal(string str)
    {
        int n = str.Length;
  
        // Traverse string from end and find the number
        // stored at the end.
        // x is used to store power of 10.
        int num = 0, x = 1, i = n - 1;
        for (i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--) 
        {
            if ('0' <= str[i] && str[i] <= '9') {
                num = (str[i] - '0') * x + num;
                x = x * 10;
                if(num>=n)
                    return false;
            }
            else
                break;
        }
  
        // Check if number is equal to string 
        // length except that number's digits
        return num == i + 1;
    }
  
    // Drivers code
    static public void Main()
    {
        string str = "geeksforgeeks13";
        if (isequal(str))
            Console.WriteLine("Yes");
        else
            Console.WriteLine("No");
    }
}
  
// This Code is contributed by vt_m.

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PHP

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<?php
// PHP program to check if size 
// of string is appended at 
// the end or not.
  
// Function to find if given 
// number is equal to length or not
function isequal($str)
{
    $n = strlen($str);
  
    // Traverse string from end 
    // and find the number stored 
    // at the end. x is used to 
    // store power of 10.
    $num = 0; $x = 1; $i = $n - 1;
    for ($i = $n - 1; $i >= 0; $i--) 
    {
        if ('0' <= $str[$i] && 
                   $str[$i] <= '9'
        {
            $num = ($str[$i] - '0') * 
                           $x + $num;
            $x = $x * 10;
            if($num>=$n)
                return false;
        }
        else
            break;
    }
  
    // Check if number is equal 
    // to string length except
    // that number's digits
    return $num == $i + 1;
}
  
// Driver code
$str = "geeksforgeeks13";
if(isequal($str)) 
echo "Yes" ;
else
echo "No";
return 0;
  
// This code is contributed by nitin mittal. 
?>

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Output :

Yes

This article is contributed by Sahil Chhabra (akku). If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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