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Check if two strings can be made equal by reversing a substring of one of the strings

  • Last Updated : 16 Jun, 2021

Given two strings X and Y of length N, the task is to check if both the strings can be made equal by reversing any substring of X exactly once. If it is possible, then print “Yes”. Otherwise, print “No”.

Examples:

Input: X = “adcbef”, Y = “abcdef”
Output: Yes
Explanation: Strings can be made equal by reversing the substring “dcb” of string X.

Input: X = “126543”, Y = “123456”
Output: Yes
Explanation: Strings can be made equal by reversing the substring “6543” of string X.

Naive Approach: The simplest approach to solve the problem is to reversing every possible substring of the string X and for each reversal, check if both the strings are equal. If found to be true after any reversal, then print “Yes”. Otherwise, print “No”.



Time Complexity: O(N2)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Efficient Approach: To optimize the above approach, follow the steps below to solve the problem:

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to check if the strings
// can be made equal or not by
// reversing a substring of X
bool checkString(string X, string Y)
{
    // Store the first index from
    // the left which contains unequal
    // characters in both the strings
    int L = -1;
 
    // Store the first element from
    // the right which contains unequal
    // characters in both the strings
    int R = -1;
 
    // Checks for the first index from
    // left in which characters in both
    // the strings are unequal
    for (int i = 0; i < X.length(); ++i) {
 
        if (X[i] != Y[i]) {
 
            // Store the current index
            L = i;
 
            // Break out of the loop
            break;
        }
    }
 
    // Checks for the first index from
    // right in which characters in both
    // the strings are unequal
    for (int i = X.length() - 1; i > 0; --i) {
        if (X[i] != Y[i]) {
 
            // Store the current index
            R = i;
 
            // Break out of the loop
            break;
        }
    }
 
    // Reverse the substring X[L, R]
    reverse(X.begin() + L,
            X.begin() + R + 1);
 
    // If X and Y are equal
    if (X == Y) {
        cout << "Yes";
    }
 
    // Otherwise
    else {
        cout << "No";
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    string X = "adcbef", Y = "abcdef";
 
    // Function Call
    checkString(X, Y);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to check if the Strings
// can be made equal or not by
// reversing a subString of X
static void checkString(String X, String Y)
{
    // Store the first index from
    // the left which contains unequal
    // characters in both the Strings
    int L = -1;
 
    // Store the first element from
    // the right which contains unequal
    // characters in both the Strings
    int R = -1;
 
    // Checks for the first index from
    // left in which characters in both
    // the Strings are unequal
    for (int i = 0; i < X.length(); ++i) {
 
        if (X.charAt(i) != Y.charAt(i)) {
 
            // Store the current index
            L = i;
 
            // Break out of the loop
            break;
        }
    }
 
    // Checks for the first index from
    // right in which characters in both
    // the Strings are unequal
    for (int i = X.length() - 1; i > 0; --i) {
        if (X.charAt(i) != Y.charAt(i)) {
 
            // Store the current index
            R = i;
 
            // Break out of the loop
            break;
        }
    }
 
    // Reverse the subString X[L, R]
    X = X.substring(0, L) +
      reverse(X.substring(L, R + 1)) +
      X.substring(R + 1);
 
    // If X and Y are equal
    if (X.equals(Y)) {
        System.out.print("Yes");
    }
 
    // Otherwise
    else {
        System.out.print("No");
    }
}
static String reverse(String input) {
    char[] a = input.toCharArray();
    int l, r = a.length - 1;
    for (l = 0; l < r; l++, r--) {
        char temp = a[l];
        a[l] = a[r];
        a[r] = temp;
    }
    return String.valueOf(a);
}
   
// Driver Code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
    String X = "adcbef", Y = "abcdef";
 
    // Function Call
    checkString(X, Y);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar

Python3




# Python3 program for the above approach
 
# Function to check if the strings
# can be made equal or not by
# reversing a substring of X
def checkString(X, Y):
 
    # Store the first index from
    # the left which contains unequal
    # characters in both the strings
    L = -1
 
    # Store the first element from
    # the right which contains unequal
    # characters in both the strings
    R = -1
 
    # Checks for the first index from
    # left in which characters in both
    # the strings are unequal
    for i in range(len(X)):
        if (X[i] != Y[i]):
 
            # Store the current index
            L = i
 
            # Break out of the loop
            break
 
    # Checks for the first index from
    # right in which characters in both
    # the strings are unequal
    for i in range(len(X) - 1, 0, -1):
        if (X[i] != Y[i]):
             
            # Store the current index
            R = i
 
            # Break out of the loop
            break
 
    X = list(X)
     
    X = X[:L] + X[R  : L - 1 : -1 ] + X[R + 1:]
     
    # If X and Y are equal
    if (X == list(Y)):
        print("Yes")
 
    # Otherwise
    else:
        print("No")
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__" :
 
    X = "adcbef"
    Y = "abcdef"
 
    # Function Call
    checkString(X, Y)
     
# This code is contributed by AnkThon

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
 
class GFG{
 
// Function to check if the Strings
// can be made equal or not by
// reversing a subString of X
static void checkString(String X, String Y)
{
     
    // Store the first index from
    // the left which contains unequal
    // characters in both the Strings
    int L = -1;
 
    // Store the first element from
    // the right which contains unequal
    // characters in both the Strings
    int R = -1;
 
    // Checks for the first index from
    // left in which characters in both
    // the Strings are unequal
    for(int i = 0; i < X.Length; ++i)
    {
        if (X[i] != Y[i])
        {
             
            // Store the current index
            L = i;
 
            // Break out of the loop
            break;
        }
    }
 
    // Checks for the first index from
    // right in which characters in both
    // the Strings are unequal
    for(int i = X.Length - 1; i > 0; --i)
    {
        if (X[i] != Y[i])
        {
             
            // Store the current index
            R = i;
 
            // Break out of the loop
            break;
        }
    }
 
    // Reverse the subString X[L, R]
    X = X.Substring(0, L) +
        reverse(X.Substring(L, R + 1 - L)) +
        X.Substring(R + 1);
 
    // If X and Y are equal
    if (X.Equals(Y))
    {
        Console.Write("Yes");
    }
 
    // Otherwise
    else
    {
        Console.Write("No");
    }
}
 
static String reverse(String input)
{
    char[] a = input.ToCharArray();
    int l, r = a.Length - 1;
     
    for(l = 0; l < r; l++, r--)
    {
        char temp = a[l];
        a[l] = a[r];
        a[r] = temp;
    }
    return String.Join("",a);
}
   
// Driver Code
public static void Main(String[] args)
{
    String X = "adcbef", Y = "abcdef";
 
    // Function Call
    checkString(X, Y);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by Amit Katiyar

Javascript




<script>
 
      // JavaScript program for the above approach
       
      // Function to check if the Strings
      // can be made equal or not by
      // reversing a subString of X
      function checkString(X, Y) {
        // Store the first index from
        // the left which contains unequal
        // characters in both the Strings
        var L = -1;
 
        // Store the first element from
        // the right which contains unequal
        // characters in both the Strings
        var R = -1;
 
        // Checks for the first index from
        // left in which characters in both
        // the Strings are unequal
        for (var i = 0; i < X.length; ++i) {
          if (X[i] !== Y[i]) {
            // Store the current index
            L = i;
 
            // Break out of the loop
            break;
          }
        }
 
        // Checks for the first index from
        // right in which characters in both
        // the Strings are unequal
        for (var i = X.length - 1; i > 0; --i) {
          if (X[i] !== Y[i]) {
            // Store the current index
            R = i;
 
            // Break out of the loop
            break;
          }
        }
 
        // Reverse the subString X[L, R]
        X =
          X.substring(0, L) +
          reverse(X.substring(L, R + 1)) +
          X.substring(R + 1);
 
        // If X and Y are equal
        if (X === Y) {
          document.write("Yes");
        }
 
        // Otherwise
        else {
          document.write("No");
        }
      }
 
      function reverse(input) {
        var a = input.split("");
        var l,
          r = a.length - 1;
 
        for (l = 0; l < r; l++, r--) {
          var temp = a[l];
          a[l] = a[r];
          a[r] = temp;
        }
        return a.join("");
      }
 
      // Driver Code
      var X = "adcbef",
        Y = "abcdef";
 
      // Function Call
      checkString(X, Y);
       
 </script>
Output: 
Yes

 

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

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