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Check if two arrays are equal or not
• Difficulty Level : Easy
• Last Updated : 11 May, 2021

Given two given arrays of equal length, the task is to find if given arrays are equal or not. Two arrays are said to be equal if both of them contain the same set of elements, arrangements (or permutation) of elements may be different though.

Note: If there are repetitions, then counts of repeated elements must also be the same for two arrays to be equal.

Examples :

Input  : arr1[] = {1, 2, 5, 4, 0};
arr2[] = {2, 4, 5, 0, 1};
Output : Yes

Input  : arr1[] = {1, 2, 5, 4, 0, 2, 1};
arr2[] = {2, 4, 5, 0, 1, 1, 2};
Output : Yes

Input : arr1[] = {1, 7, 1};
arr2[] = {7, 7, 1};
Output : No

A simple solution is to sort both arrays and then linearly compare elements.

## C++

 // C++ program to find given two array// are equal or not#include using namespace std; // Returns true if arr1[0..n-1] and arr2[0..m-1]// contain same elements.bool areEqual(int arr1[], int arr2[], int n, int m){    // If lengths of array are not equal means    // array are not equal    if (n != m)        return false;     // Sort both arrays    sort(arr1, arr1 + n);    sort(arr2, arr2 + m);     // Linearly compare elements    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)        if (arr1[i] != arr2[i])            return false;     // If all elements were same.    return true;} // Driver Codeint main(){    int arr1[] = { 3, 5, 2, 5, 2 };    int arr2[] = { 2, 3, 5, 5, 2 };    int n = sizeof(arr1) / sizeof(int);    int m = sizeof(arr2) / sizeof(int);     if (areEqual(arr1, arr2, n, m))        cout << "Yes";    else        cout << "No";    return 0;}

## Java

 // Java program to find given two array// are equal or notimport java.io.*;import java.util.*; class GFG {    // Returns true if arr1[0..n-1] and arr2[0..m-1]    // contain same elements.    public static boolean areEqual(int arr1[], int arr2[])    {        int n = arr1.length;        int m = arr2.length;         // If lengths of array are not equal means        // array are not equal        if (n != m)            return false;         // Sort both arrays        Arrays.sort(arr1);        Arrays.sort(arr2);         // Linearly compare elements        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)            if (arr1[i] != arr2[i])                return false;         // If all elements were same.        return true;    }     // Driver code    public static void main(String[] args)    {        int arr1[] = { 3, 5, 2, 5, 2 };        int arr2[] = { 2, 3, 5, 5, 2 };         if (areEqual(arr1, arr2))            System.out.println("Yes");        else            System.out.println("No");    }}

## Python3

 # Python3 program to find given# two array are equal or not # Returns true if arr1[0..n-1] and# arr2[0..m-1] contain same elements.  def areEqual(arr1, arr2, n, m):     # If lengths of array are not    # equal means array are not equal    if (n != m):        return False     # Sort both arrays    arr1.sort()    arr2.sort()     # Linearly compare elements    for i in range(0, n - 1):        if (arr1[i] != arr2[i]):            return False     # If all elements were same.    return True  # Driver Codearr1 = [3, 5, 2, 5, 2]arr2 = [2, 3, 5, 5, 2]n = len(arr1)m = len(arr2) if (areEqual(arr1, arr2, n, m)):    print("Yes")else:    print("No") # This code is contributed# by Shivi_Aggarwal.

## C#

 // C# program to find given two array// are equal or notusing System; class GFG {     // Returns true if arr1[0..n-1] and    // arr2[0..m-1] contain same elements.    public static bool areEqual(int[] arr1, int[] arr2)    {        int n = arr1.Length;        int m = arr2.Length;         // If lengths of array are not        // equal means array are not equal        if (n != m)            return false;         // Sort both arrays        Array.Sort(arr1);        Array.Sort(arr2);         // Linearly compare elements        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)            if (arr1[i] != arr2[i])                return false;         // If all elements were same.        return true;    }     // Driver code    public static void Main()    {        int[] arr1 = { 3, 5, 2, 5, 2 };        int[] arr2 = { 2, 3, 5, 5, 2 };         if (areEqual(arr1, arr2))            Console.WriteLine("Yes");        else            Console.WriteLine("No");    }} // This code is contributed by anuj_67.



## Javascript


Output

Yes

Time Complexity: O(n log n)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

An Efficient Solution to this approach is to use hashing. We store all elements of arr1[] and their counts in a hash table. Then we traverse arr2[] and check if the count of every element in arr2[] matches with the count in arr1[].

Below is the implementation of the above idea. We use unordered_map to store counts.

## C++

 // C++ program to find given two array// are equal or not using hashing technique#include using namespace std; // Returns true if arr1[0..n-1] and arr2[0..m-1]// contain same elements.bool areEqual(int arr1[], int arr2[], int n, int m){    // If lengths of arrays are not equal    if (n != m)        return false;     // Store arr1[] elements and their counts in    // hash map    unordered_map mp;    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)        mp[arr1[i]]++;     // Traverse arr2[] elements and check if all    // elements of arr2[] are present same number    // of times or not.    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {        // If there is an element in arr2[], but        // not in arr1[]        if (mp.find(arr2[i]) == mp.end())            return false;         // If an element of arr2[] appears more        // times than it appears in arr1[]        if (mp[arr2[i]] == 0)            return false;         mp[arr2[i]]--;    }     return true;} // Driver Codeint main(){    int arr1[] = { 3, 5, 2, 5, 2 };    int arr2[] = { 2, 3, 5, 5, 2 };    int n = sizeof(arr1) / sizeof(int);    int m = sizeof(arr2) / sizeof(int);     if (areEqual(arr1, arr2, n, m))        cout << "Yes";    else        cout << "No";    return 0;}

## Java

 // Java program to find given two array// are equal or not using hashing techniqueimport java.util.*;import java.io.*; class GFG {    // Returns true if arr1[0..n-1] and arr2[0..m-1]    // contain same elements.    public static boolean areEqual(int arr1[], int arr2[])    {        int n = arr1.length;        int m = arr2.length;         // If lengths of arrays are not equal        if (n != m)            return false;         // Store arr1[] elements and their counts in        // hash map        Map map            = new HashMap();        int count = 0;        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {            if (map.get(arr1[i]) == null)                map.put(arr1[i], 1);            else {                count = map.get(arr1[i]);                count++;                map.put(arr1[i], count);            }        }         // Traverse arr2[] elements and check if all        // elements of arr2[] are present same number        // of times or not.        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {            // If there is an element in arr2[], but            // not in arr1[]            if (!map.containsKey(arr2[i]))                return false;             // If an element of arr2[] appears more            // times than it appears in arr1[]            if (map.get(arr2[i]) == 0)                return false;             count = map.get(arr2[i]);            --count;            map.put(arr2[i], count);        }         return true;    }     // Driver code    public static void main(String[] args)    {        int arr1[] = { 3, 5, 2, 5, 2 };        int arr2[] = { 2, 3, 5, 5, 2 };         if (areEqual(arr1, arr2))            System.out.println("Yes");        else            System.out.println("No");    }}

## Python3

 # Python3 program to find if given# two arrays are equal or not# using dictionaryfrom collections import defaultdict # Returns true if arr1[0..n-1] and# arr2[0..m-1] contain same elements.  def areEqual(arr1, arr2, n, m):     # If lengths of array are not    # equal means array are not equal    if (n != m):        return False     # Create a defaultdict count to    # store counts    count = defaultdict(int)     # Store the elements of arr1    # and their counts in the dictionary    for i in arr1:        count[i] += 1     # Traverse through arr2 and compare    # the elements and its count with    # the elements of arr1    for i in arr2:         # Return false if the elemnent        # is not in arr2 or if any element        # appears more no. of times than in arr1        if (count[i] == 0):            return False         # If element is found, decrement        # its value in the dictionary        else:            count[i] -= 1     # Return true if both arr1 and    # arr2 are equal    return True  # Driver Codearr1 = [3, 5, 2, 5, 2]arr2 = [2, 3, 5, 5, 2] n = len(arr1)m = len(arr2) if areEqual(arr1, arr2, n, m):    print("Yes")else:    print("No") # This code is contributed by Karthik_Aravind

## C#

 // C# program to find given two array// are equal or not using hashing techniqueusing System;using System.Collections.Generic; class GFG {    // Returns true if arr1[0..n-1] and arr2[0..m-1]    // contain same elements.    public static bool areEqual(int[] arr1, int[] arr2)    {        int n = arr1.Length;        int m = arr2.Length;         // If lengths of arrays are not equal        if (n != m)            return false;         // Store arr1[] elements and their counts in        // hash map        Dictionary map            = new Dictionary();        int count = 0;        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {            if (!map.ContainsKey(arr1[i]))                map.Add(arr1[i], 1);            else {                count = map[arr1[i]];                count++;                map.Remove(arr1[i]);                map.Add(arr1[i], count);            }        }         // Traverse arr2[] elements and check if all        // elements of arr2[] are present same number        // of times or not.        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {            // If there is an element in arr2[], but            // not in arr1[]            if (!map.ContainsKey(arr2[i]))                return false;             // If an element of arr2[] appears more            // times than it appears in arr1[]            if (map[arr2[i]] == 0)                return false;             count = map[arr2[i]];            --count;             if (!map.ContainsKey(arr2[i]))                map.Add(arr2[i], count);        }        return true;    }     // Driver code    public static void Main(String[] args)    {        int[] arr1 = { 3, 5, 2, 5, 2 };        int[] arr2 = { 2, 3, 5, 5, 2 };         if (areEqual(arr1, arr2))            Console.WriteLine("Yes");        else            Console.WriteLine("No");    }} /* This code contributed by PrinciRaj1992 */
Output
Yes

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(n)

An Alternate Solution without comparing each element of the arrays and without using unordered_map (by using XOR). This approach will work only if each  element exist only once in an array. For example :  array a  : { 3 , 3 } and array b : { 5 , 5 },  xor_of_array_a(say b1) = 0 and xor_of_array_b = 0 (say b2) and b1^b2 = 0, but array a and array b are not equal.

## C++14

 // C++ program to find given two array// are equal or not#include using namespace std; // Returns true if arr1[0..n-1] and arr2[0..m-1]// contain same elements.bool areEqual(int arr1[], int arr2[], int n, int m){    // If lengths of array are not equal means    // array are not equal    if (n != m)        return false;         // to store xor of both arrays    int b1 = arr1[0];    int b2 = arr2[0];         // find xor of each elements in array    for (int i = 1; i < n; i++) {        b1 ^= arr1[i];    }     for (int i = 1; i < m; i++) {        b2 ^= arr2[i];    }    int all_xor = b1 ^ b2;         // if xor is zero means they are equal (5^5=0)    if (all_xor == 0)        return true;         // If all elements were not same, then xor will not be    // zero    return false;} // Driver Codeint main(){    int arr1[] = { 3, 6, 7, 5, 2 };    int arr2[] = { 2, 3, 5, 6, 7 };    int n = sizeof(arr1) / sizeof(int);    int m = sizeof(arr2) / sizeof(int);     // Function call    if (areEqual(arr1, arr2, n, m))        cout << "Yes";    else        cout << "No";    return 0;}

## Java

 // Java program to find given two array// are equal or notimport java.io.*;import java.util.*; class GFG{     // Returns true if arr1[0..n-1] and arr2[0..m-1]// contain same elements.public static boolean areEqual(int arr1[],                               int arr2[]){         // Length of the two array    int n = arr1.length;    int m = arr2.length;         // If lengths of arrays are not equal    if (n != m)        return false;             // To store xor of both arrays    int b1 = arr1[0];    int b2 = arr2[0];         // Find xor of each elements in array    for(int i = 1; i < n; i++)    {        b1 ^= arr1[i];    }    for(int i = 1; i < m; i++)    {        b2 ^= arr2[i];    }    int all_xor = b1 ^ b2;         // If xor is zero means they are    // equal (5^5=0)    if (all_xor == 0)        return true;             // If all elements were not same,    // then xor will not be zero    return false;} // Driver codepublic static void main(String[] args){    int arr1[] = { 3, 5, 2, 5, 2 };    int arr2[] = { 2, 3, 5, 5, 2 };         // Function call    if (areEqual(arr1, arr2))        System.out.println("Yes");    else        System.out.println("No");}} // This code is contributed by sayantanbose2001

## Python3

 # Python3 program to find given# two array are equal or not # Returns true if arr1[0..n-1] and# arr2[0..m-1] contain same elements. def areEqual(arr1, arr2, n, m):     # If lengths of array are not    # equal means array are not equal    if (n != m):        return False    b1 = arr1[0]    b2 = arr2[0]         # find xor of all elements    for i in range(1, n - 1):        b1 ^= arr1[i]     for i in range(1, m - 1):        b2 ^= arr2[i]     all_xor = b1 ^ b2         # If all elements were same then xor will be zero    if(all_xor == 0):        return True     return False  # Driver Codearr1 = [3, 5, 2, 5, 2]arr2 = [2, 3, 5, 5, 2]n = len(arr1)m = len(arr2) # Function callif (areEqual(arr1, arr2, n, m)):    print("Yes")else:    print("No")

## Javascript


Output
Yes

Time Complexity: O(n)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

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