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Check if it is possible to create a matrix such that every row has A 1s and every column has B 1s
  • Last Updated : 11 May, 2021

Given four integers N, M, A, B where N is the number of rows and M is the number of columns, the task is to check if is possible to create a binary matrix of dimensions N x M such that every row has A number of 1s and every column has a B number of 1s. If any such matrix is possible then print it else print “-1”.

Examples:

Input: N = 3, M = 6, A = 2, B = 1
Output: 
1 1 0 0 0 0
0 0 1 1 0 0
0 0 0 0 1 1
Explanation:
Every row has A ones i.e. 2 and every column has B ones i.e., 1.

Input: N = 2, M = 2, A = 2, B = 1
Output: No
Explanation:
It is not possible to create such a 2 x 2 matrix in which every row has 2 ones and every column has 1 ones because of the following two observations:
1. For every row place two ones because of which we will never be able to have one 1 in every column.
1 1         
1 1

2. For every column place one 1 because of which we can never have 2 ones in every row.         
1 0         
0 1 

Approach: The idea is to observe that since each row should have exactly A 1s, and each column should have exactly B 1s, hence the number of ones in all rows A * N should be equal to the number of 1s in all columns B * M. Thus, the desired matrix exists if and only if A*N = B*M. Below is the illustration:



  1. Find any number 0 < d < M such that (d * N)%M == 0, where A % B is the remainder of dividing A by B.
  2. In the first row of the desired matrix, insert the ones at the positions [1, A].
  3. In the ith row, put the ones, as in the i – 1 row, but cyclically shifted by d to the right.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Number of rows
const int n = 3;
 
// Number of columns
const int m = 6;
 
// Function that prints the matrix
// if it exists
void printMatrix(int arr[][m],
                 string ans)
{
    if (ans == "No")
        cout << "No\n";
    else {
        // Print if matrix exists
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j < m; j++)
                cout << arr[i][j] << " ";
            cout << '\n';
        }
    }
}
 
// Function to check if it is possible
// to create a matrix such that every
// row has A 1s & every column has B 1s
void createMatrix(int a, int b)
{
    int matrix[n][m], row[n], col[m];
 
    // Initialize all matrix
    // entries equal to 0
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
        for (int j = 0; j < m; j++) {
            matrix[i][j] = 0;
        }
    }
 
    // Initialize the number of
    // ones required in every row
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        row[i] = a;
 
    // Initialize the number of
    // ones required in each column
    for (int i = 0; i < m; i++)
        col[i] = b;
 
    int l = 0, d = 0;
 
    // Check if the total number of
    // ones required in every row is
    // not equal to total number of
    // ones required in every column
    // then print No
    if (n * a != m * b)
        printMatrix(matrix, "No");
 
    else {
 
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
            int j;
            if (l == m)
                l = 0;
 
            for (j = l; j < m; j++) {
 
                if (row[i] > 0 && col[j] > 0) {
 
                    // Fill a one if there is a
                    // place to be filled
                    matrix[i][j] = 1;
 
                    // Decrease the number of
                    // ones required in ith row
                    row[i]--;
 
                    // Decrease the number of
                    // ones required in jth column
                    col[j]--;
                    d = j;
                }
            }
            l = d + 1;
            if (row[i] != 0) {
 
                for (j = 0; j < m; j++) {
 
                    if (row[i] > 0 && col[j] > 0) {
 
                        // Fill a one if there is
                        // a place to be filled
                        matrix[i][j] = 1;
 
                        // Decrease the number of 1s
                        // required in ith row
                        row[i]--;
                        // Decrease the number of 1s
                        // required in jth column
                        col[j]--;
                        l = j + 1;
                    }
                    // Break the loop if no place
                    // is left for ones to filled
                    if (row[i] == 0)
                        break;
                }
            }
        }
 
        // Function call to print the matrix
        printMatrix(matrix, "Yes");
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
 
    // Number of ones required
    // in every row
    int a = 2;
 
    // Number of ones required
    // in every column
    int b = 1;
 
    // Function call
    createMatrix(a, b);
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG{
 
// Number of rows
static int n = 3;
 
// Number of columns
static int m = 6;
 
// Function that prints the matrix
// if it exists
static void printMatrix(int arr[][],
                        String ans)
{
    if (ans == "No")
        System.out.print("No\n");
    else
    {
         
        // Print if matrix exists
        for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            for(int j = 0; j < m; j++)
                System.out.print(arr[i][j] + " ");
            System.out.println();
        }
    }
}
 
// Function to check if it is possible
// to create a matrix such that every
// row has A 1s & every column has B 1s
static void createMatrix(int a, int b)
{
    int [][]matrix = new int[n][m];
    int []row = new int[n];
    int []col = new int[m];
 
    // Initialize all matrix
    // entries equal to 0
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        for(int j = 0; j < m; j++)
        {
            matrix[i][j] = 0;
        }
    }
 
    // Initialize the number of
    // ones required in every row
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        row[i] = a;
 
    // Initialize the number of
    // ones required in each column
    for(int i = 0; i < m; i++)
        col[i] = b;
 
    int l = 0, d = 0;
 
    // Check if the total number of
    // ones required in every row is
    // not equal to total number of
    // ones required in every column
    // then print No
    if (n * a != m * b)
        printMatrix(matrix, "No");
 
    else
    {
        for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            int j;
            if (l == m)
                l = 0;
 
            for(j = l; j < m; j++)
            {
                if (row[i] > 0 && col[j] > 0)
                {
                     
                    // Fill a one if there is a
                    // place to be filled
                    matrix[i][j] = 1;
 
                    // Decrease the number of
                    // ones required in ith row
                    row[i]--;
 
                    // Decrease the number of
                    // ones required in jth column
                    col[j]--;
                    d = j;
                }
            }
            l = d + 1;
            if (row[i] != 0)
            {
                for(j = 0; j < m; j++)
                {
                    if (row[i] > 0 && col[j] > 0)
                    {
                         
                        // Fill a one if there is
                        // a place to be filled
                        matrix[i][j] = 1;
 
                        // Decrease the number of 1s
                        // required in ith row
                        row[i]--;
                        // Decrease the number of 1s
                        // required in jth column
                        col[j]--;
                        l = j + 1;
                    }
                     
                    // Break the loop if no place
                    // is left for ones to filled
                    if (row[i] == 0)
                        break;
                }
            }
        }
 
        // Function call to print the matrix
        printMatrix(matrix, "Yes");
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void main(String[] args)
{
 
    // Number of ones required
    // in every row
    int a = 2;
 
    // Number of ones required
    // in every column
    int b = 1;
 
    // Function call
    createMatrix(a, b);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by amal kumar choubey

Python3




# Python3 program for the above approach
 
# Number of rows
n = 3
 
# Number of columns
m = 6
 
# Function that prints the matrix
# if it exists
def printMatrix(arr, ans):
     
    if (ans == "No"):
        print("No")
     
    else:
         
        # Print if matrix exists
        for i in range(n):
            for j in range(m):
                print(arr[i][j], end = " ")
                 
            print()
 
# Function to check if it is possible
# to create a matrix such that every
# row has A 1s & every column has B 1s
def createMatrix(a, b):
     
    matrix = [[0 for i in range(m)]
                 for i in range(n)]
    row = [a for i in range(n)]
    col = [b for i in range(m)]
 
    l = 0
    d = 0
 
    # Check if the total number of
    # ones required in every row is
    # not equal to total number of
    # ones required in every column
    # then prNo
    if (n * a != m * b):
        printMatrix(matrix, "No")
 
    else:
        for i in range(n):
            j = 0
             
            if (l == m):
                l = 0
 
            for j in range(l, m):
                if (row[i] > 0 and col[j] > 0):
 
                    # Fill a one if there is a
                    # place to be filled
                    matrix[i][j] = 1
 
                    # Decrease the number of
                    # ones required in ith row
                    row[i] -= 1
 
                    # Decrease the number of
                    # ones required in jth column
                    col[j] -= 1
                    d = j
 
            l = d + 1
            if (row[i] != 0):
                for j in range(m):
                    if (row[i] > 0 and col[j] > 0):
 
                        # Fill a one if there is
                        # a place to be filled
                        matrix[i][j] = 1
 
                        # Decrease the number of 1s
                        # required in ith row
                        row[i] -= 1
                         
                        # Decrease the number of 1s
                        # required in jth column
                        col[j] -= 1
                        l = j + 1
 
                    # Break the loop if no place
                    # is left for ones to filled
                    if (row[i] == 0):
                        break
 
        # Function call to prthe matrix
        printMatrix(matrix, "Yes")
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
 
    # Number of ones required
    # in every row
    a = 2
 
    # Number of ones required
    # in every column
    b = 1
 
    # Function call
    createMatrix(a, b)
 
# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
class GFG{
 
// Number of rows
static int n = 3;
 
// Number of columns
static int m = 6;
 
// Function that prints the matrix
// if it exists
static void printMatrix(int [,]arr,
                        String ans)
{
    if (ans == "No")
        Console.Write("No\n");
    else
    {
         
        // Print if matrix exists
        for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            for(int j = 0; j < m; j++)
                Console.Write(arr[i, j] + " ");
            Console.WriteLine();
        }
    }
}
 
// Function to check if it is possible
// to create a matrix such that every
// row has A 1s & every column has B 1s
static void createMatrix(int a, int b)
{
    int [,]matrix = new int[n, m];
    int []row = new int[n];
    int []col = new int[m];
 
    // Initialize all matrix
    // entries equal to 0
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        for(int j = 0; j < m; j++)
        {
            matrix[i, j] = 0;
        }
    }
 
    // Initialize the number of
    // ones required in every row
    for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        row[i] = a;
 
    // Initialize the number of
    // ones required in each column
    for(int i = 0; i < m; i++)
        col[i] = b;
 
    int l = 0, d = 0;
 
    // Check if the total number of
    // ones required in every row is
    // not equal to total number of
    // ones required in every column
    // then print No
    if (n * a != m * b)
        printMatrix(matrix, "No");
 
    else
    {
        for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            int j;
            if (l == m)
                l = 0;
 
            for(j = l; j < m; j++)
            {
                if (row[i] > 0 && col[j] > 0)
                {
                     
                    // Fill a one if there is a
                    // place to be filled
                    matrix[i,j] = 1;
 
                    // Decrease the number of
                    // ones required in ith row
                    row[i]--;
 
                    // Decrease the number of
                    // ones required in jth column
                    col[j]--;
                    d = j;
                }
            }
            l = d + 1;
            if (row[i] != 0)
            {
                for(j = 0; j < m; j++)
                {
                    if (row[i] > 0 && col[j] > 0)
                    {
                         
                        // Fill a one if there is
                        // a place to be filled
                        matrix[i,j] = 1;
 
                        // Decrease the number of 1s
                        // required in ith row
                        row[i]--;
                        // Decrease the number of 1s
                        // required in jth column
                        col[j]--;
                        l = j + 1;
                    }
                     
                    // Break the loop if no place
                    // is left for ones to filled
                    if (row[i] == 0)
                        break;
                }
            }
        }
 
        // Function call to print the matrix
        printMatrix(matrix, "Yes");
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void Main(String[] args)
{
 
    // Number of ones required
    // in every row
    int a = 2;
 
    // Number of ones required
    // in every column
    int b = 1;
 
    // Function call
    createMatrix(a, b);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by gauravrajput1

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program for the above approach
  
// Number of rows
let n = 3;
   
// Number of columns
let m = 6;
   
// Function that prints the matrix
// if it exists
function printMatrix(arr,
                        ans)
{
    if (ans == "No")
        document.write("No\n");
    else
    {
           
        // Prlet if matrix exists
        for(let i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            for(let j = 0; j < m; j++)
                document.write(arr[i][j] + " ");
            document.write("<br/>");
        }
    }
}
   
// Function to check if it is possible
// to create a matrix such that every
// row has A 1s & every column has B 1s
function createMatrix(a, b)
{
    let matrix = new Array(n);
    // Loop to create 2D array using 1D array
    for (var i = 0; i < matrix.length; i++) {
        matrix[i] = new Array(2);
    }
    let row = Array.from({length: n}, (_, i) => 0);
    let col = Array.from({length: m}, (_, i) => 0);
   
    // Initialize all matrix
    // entries equal to 0
    for(let i = 0; i < n; i++)
    {
        for(let j = 0; j < m; j++)
        {
            matrix[i][j] = 0;
        }
    }
   
    // Initialize the number of
    // ones required in every row
    for(let i = 0; i < n; i++)
        row[i] = a;
   
    // Initialize the number of
    // ones required in each column
    for(let i = 0; i < m; i++)
        col[i] = b;
   
    let l = 0, d = 0;
   
    // Check if the total number of
    // ones required in every row is
    // not equal to total number of
    // ones required in every column
    // then prlet No
    if (n * a != m * b)
        printMatrix(matrix, "No");
   
    else
    {
        for(let i = 0; i < n; i++)
        {
            let j;
            if (l == m)
                l = 0;
   
            for(j = l; j < m; j++)
            {
                if (row[i] > 0 && col[j] > 0)
                {
                       
                    // Fill a one if there is a
                    // place to be filled
                    matrix[i][j] = 1;
   
                    // Decrease the number of
                    // ones required in ith row
                    row[i]--;
   
                    // Decrease the number of
                    // ones required in jth column
                    col[j]--;
                    d = j;
                }
            }
            l = d + 1;
            if (row[i] != 0)
            {
                for(j = 0; j < m; j++)
                {
                    if (row[i] > 0 && col[j] > 0)
                    {
                           
                        // Fill a one if there is
                        // a place to be filled
                        matrix[i][j] = 1;
   
                        // Decrease the number of 1s
                        // required in ith row
                        row[i]--;
                        // Decrease the number of 1s
                        // required in jth column
                        col[j]--;
                        l = j + 1;
                    }
                       
                    // Break the loop if no place
                    // is left for ones to filled
                    if (row[i] == 0)
                        break;
                }
            }
        }
   
        // Function call to print the matrix
        printMatrix(matrix, "Yes");
    }
}
     
// Driver Code
     
     // Number of ones required
    // in every row
    let a = 2;
   
    // Number of ones required
    // in every column
    let b = 1;
   
    // Function call
    createMatrix(a, b);
      
</script>
Output: 
1 1 0 0 0 0 
0 0 1 1 0 0 
0 0 0 0 1 1

Time Complexity: O(N*M)
Auxiliary Space: O(N*M)

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