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Check if given Array can be made a binary Array with K consecutive 1s

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  • Last Updated : 06 Dec, 2022
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Given an array A[] of size N and an integer K. Each element of the array is either 0, 1 or 2. The task is to check if the array can be converted into a binary array (elements will be either 0 or 1) by replacing every element equal to 2 with either 0 or 1, such that there are only K occurrences of 1, all of them being consecutive.

Note: If there are multiple ways possible to create such a binary array then print “MULTIPLE“.

Examples:

Input: N = 3, K = 2, A[] = {1, 2, 2}
Output: YES
Explanation: Since K = 2, we have to get 2 consecutive 1s in the array. The array could be transformed as – 
{1, 2, 2} -> {1, 1, 0}. The resultant array contains only 2 ones, both of which are consecutive and hence the output is YES.

Input: N = 4, K = 2, A[] = {2, 1, 2, 0}
Output: MULTIPLE
Explanation: Note that the array can be transformed into {1, 1, 0, 0} and {0, 1, 1, 0}, both of which satisfies the given condition.

Approach: To solve the problem follow the below observations: 

Observation:

Let X be the number of 1s in the array A[]. For each i from i = 0 to N – K, we need to check if we can make all the elements of the subarray A[i . . . i + K – 1] equal to 1 and rest other elements equal to 0. This is possible if, all the 1s are present in subarray A[i] . . . A[i + K – 1] and number of 0s in the same subarray is 0. If these conditions are satisfied by exactly one i, then the output would be YES. Otherwise, it will be multiple if such i are more than 1 or NO if no such i.

Based on the above observation, the following steps can be used to solve the problem :

  • Initialize 2 prefix arrays (say s0[] and s1[]), that store the number of 0s and 1s till each index respectively.
  • Traverse through the array from i = 0 to N – K.
    • At each iteration, check if the subarray from index i to i + K – 1 satisfies both the given conditions (using the prefix sum arrays s0[] and s1[]).
  • Return the count of such indices and based on that print the answer.

Following is the code based on the above approach:

C++

// C++ code to implement the approach

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

// Function to determine if there is only
// one subarray containing K 1s, after
// replacing each 2 with either 0 or 1
string isPossible(int A[], int N, int K)
{
    // s0 stores the number of zeroes till
    // each index s1 stores the number of
    // ones till each index
    int s0[N + 1], s1[N + 1];
    s0[0] = s1[0] = 0;

    // Filling the values of s0 and s1
    // for each index
    for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
        s0[i + 1] = s0[i] + (A[i] == 0 ? 1 : 0);
        s1[i + 1] = s1[i] + (A[i] == 1 ? 1 : 0);
    }

    int answer = 0;

    // Traversing from i = 0 to N - K and
    // checking if both the conditions are
    // satisfied for any index
    for (int i = 0; i + K <= N; ++i) {
        int c0 = s0[i + K] - s0[i];
        int c1 = s1[i + K] - s1[i];

        // Checking the condition that all
        // the 1s are present in the current
        // subarray and there are no zeroes
        if (c0 == 0 && c1 == s1[N]) {
            answer++;
        }
    }

    // Return the correct answer based on the
    // count of indices
    if (answer == 1)
        return "YES";
    else if (answer == 0)
        return "NO";
    else
        return "MULTIPLE";
}

// Driver code
int main()
{
    int N = 3, K = 2;
    int A[] = { 1, 2, 2 };

    // Function Call
    cout << isPossible(A, N, K);
    return 0;
}

Java

// Java code to implement the approach
import java.io.*;

class GFG {

  // Function to determine if there is only
  // one subarray containing K 1s, after
  // replacing each 2 with either 0 or 1
  static String isPossible(int[] A, int N, int K)
  {

    // s0 stores the number of zeroes till
    // each index s1 stores the number of
    // ones till each index
    int[] s0 = new int[N + 1];
    int[] s1 = new int[N + 1];
    s0[0] = s1[0] = 0;

    // Filling the values of s0 and s1
    // for each index
    for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
      s0[i + 1] = s0[i] + (A[i] == 0 ? 1 : 0);
      s1[i + 1] = s1[i] + (A[i] == 1 ? 1 : 0);
    }

    int answer = 0;

    // Traversing from i = 0 to N - K and
    // checking if both the conditions are
    // satisfied for any index
    for (int i = 0; i + K <= N; ++i) {
      int c0 = s0[i + K] - s0[i];
      int c1 = s1[i + K] - s1[i];

      // Checking the condition that all
      // the 1s are present in the current
      // subarray and there are no zeroes
      if (c0 == 0 && c1 == s1[N]) {
        answer++;
      }
    }

    // Return the correct answer based on the
    // count of indices
    if (answer == 1)
      return "YES";
    else if (answer == 0)
      return "NO";
    else
      return "MULTIPLE";
  }

  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
    int N = 3, K = 2;
    int A[] = { 1, 2, 2 };

    // Function call
    System.out.print(isPossible(A, N, K));
  }
}

// This code is contributed by lokeshmvs21.

Python3

# Python code for the above approach

# Function to determine if there is only
# one subarray containing K 1s, after
# replacing each 2 with either 0 or 1
def isPossible(A, N, K):

    # s0 stores the number of zeroes till
    # each index s1 stores the number of
    # ones till each index
    s0 = [0] * (N + 1) 
    s1 = [0] * (N + 1) 
    s0[0] = s1[0] = 0;

    # Filling the values of s0 and s1
    # for each index
    for i in range(N):
        s0[i + 1] = s0[i] + (1 if A[i] == 0 else  0);
        s1[i + 1] = s1[i] + (1 if A[i] == 1 else 0);

    answer = 0;

    # Traversing from i = 0 to N - K and
    # checking if both the conditions are
    # satisfied for any index
    i = 0
    while(i + K <= N):
        c0 = s0[i + K] - s0[i];
        c1 = s1[i + K] - s1[i];

        # Checking the condition that all
        # the 1s are present in the current
        # subarray and there are no zeroes
        if (c0 == 0 and c1 == s1[N]):
            answer += 1
        i = i + 1


    # Return the correct answer based on the
    # count of indices
    if (answer == 1):
        return "YES";
    elif (answer == 0):
        return "NO";
    else:
        return "MULTIPLE";


# Driver code
N = 3
K = 2
A = [1, 2, 2]

# Function Call
print(isPossible(A, N, K));

 # This code is contributed by Saurabh Jaiswal

C#

// C# code to implement the approach
using System;
class GFG 
{
  
  // Function to determine if there is only
  // one subarray containing K 1s, after
  // replacing each 2 with either 0 or 1
  static string isPossible(int[] A, int N, int K)
  {
    
    // s0 stores the number of zeroes till
    // each index s1 stores the number of
    // ones till each index
    int[] s0 = new int[N + 1];
    int[] s1 = new int[N + 1];
    s0[0] = s1[0] = 0;

    // Filling the values of s0 and s1
    // for each index
    for (int i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
      s0[i + 1] = s0[i] + (A[i] == 0 ? 1 : 0);
      s1[i + 1] = s1[i] + (A[i] == 1 ? 1 : 0);
    }

    int answer = 0;

    // Traversing from i = 0 to N - K and
    // checking if both the conditions are
    // satisfied for any index
    for (int i = 0; i + K <= N; ++i) {
      int c0 = s0[i + K] - s0[i];
      int c1 = s1[i + K] - s1[i];

      // Checking the condition that all
      // the 1s are present in the current
      // subarray and there are no zeroes
      if (c0 == 0 && c1 == s1[N]) {
        answer++;
      }
    }

    // Return the correct answer based on the
    // count of indices
    if (answer == 1)
      return "YES";
    else if (answer == 0)
      return "NO";
    else
      return "MULTIPLE";
  }

  // Driver code
  public static void Main(String[] args)
  {
    int N = 3, K = 2;
    int[] A = { 1, 2, 2 };

    // Function Call
    Console.Write(isPossible(A, N, K));
    return;
  }
}

// This code is contributed by garg28harsh.

Javascript

        // JavaScript code for the above approach

        // Function to determine if there is only
        // one subarray containing K 1s, after
        // replacing each 2 with either 0 or 1
        function isPossible(A, N, K)
        {
        
            // s0 stores the number of zeroes till
            // each index s1 stores the number of
            // ones till each index
            let s0 = new Array(N + 1), s1 = new Array(N + 1);
            s0[0] = s1[0] = 0;

            // Filling the values of s0 and s1
            // for each index
            for (let i = 0; i < N; ++i) {
                s0[i + 1] = s0[i] + (A[i] == 0 ? 1 : 0);
                s1[i + 1] = s1[i] + (A[i] == 1 ? 1 : 0);
            }

            let answer = 0;

            // Traversing from i = 0 to N - K and
            // checking if both the conditions are
            // satisfied for any index
            for (let i = 0; i + K <= N; ++i) {
                let c0 = s0[i + K] - s0[i];
                let c1 = s1[i + K] - s1[i];

                // Checking the condition that all
                // the 1s are present in the current
                // subarray and there are no zeroes
                if (c0 == 0 && c1 == s1[N]) {
                    answer++;
                }
            }

            // Return the correct answer based on the
            // count of indices
            if (answer == 1)
                return "YES";
            else if (answer == 0)
                return "NO";
            else
                return "MULTIPLE";
        }

        // Driver code
        let N = 3, K = 2;
        let A = [1, 2, 2];

        // Function Call
        console.log(isPossible(A, N, K));

 // This code is contributed by Potta Lokesh

PHP

<?php
// Function to determine if there is only
// one subarray containing K 1s, after
// replacing each 2 with either 0 or 1
function isPossible($A, $N, $K)
{
    // s0 stores the number of zeroes till
    // each index s1 stores the number of
    // ones till each index
    $s0 = array();
    $s1 = array();
    $s0[0] = $s1[0] = 0;
 
    // Filling the values of s0 and s1
    // for each index
    for ($i = 0; $i < $N; ++$i) {
        $s0[$i + 1] = $s0[$i] + ($A[$i] == 0 ? 1 : 0);
        $s1[$i + 1] = $s1[$i] + ($A[$i] == 1 ? 1 : 0);
    }
 
    $answer = 0;
 
    // Traversing from i = 0 to N - K and
    // checking if both the conditions are
    // satisfied for any index
    for ($i = 0; $i + $K <= $N; ++$i) {
        $c0 = $s0[$i + $K] - $s0[$i];
        $c1 = $s1[$i + $K] - $s1[$i];
 
        // Checking the condition that all
        // the 1s are present in the current
        // subarray and there are no zeroes
        if ($c0 == 0 && $c1 == $s1[$N]) {
            $answer++;
        }
    }
 
    // Return the correct answer based on the
    // count of indices
    if ($answer == 1){
        return "YES";
    }
    else if ($answer == 0){
        return "NO";
    }
    else{
        return "MULTIPLE";
    }
}
 
// Driver code
$N = 3;
$K = 2;
$A = array(1,2,2);
 
// Function Call
echo isPossible($A, $N, $K);

 // This code is contributed by Kanishka Gupta
?>
Output

YES

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)


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