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Check if count of 1s can be made greater in a Binary string by changing 0s adjacent to 1s

  • Last Updated : 24 Sep, 2021

Given a binary string S of size N, the task is to check if the count of 1s can be made greater than the count of 0s by changing the 0s adjacent to 1s to any other characters. If it is possible, then print Yes. Otherwise, print No.

Note: Any index having 1 can be chosen at most once.

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Examples:



Input: S = “01”
Output: Yes
Explanation:
Choose ‘1’ at index 1 and change its left adjacent 0 to ‘_’, modifies the string to “_1”.
Now, the count of 1s is 1 which is greater than the count of 0’s i.e., 0. Therefore, print Yes.

Input: S = “001110000”
Output: No 

 

Approach: The given problem can be solved by counting the number of 1s and 0s in the string S and then while traversing the string if any index i at which the value is ‘1’ and if left-side or right-side(Not Both) is ‘0’ then change it to ‘_’. The value is changed to ‘_’ and not ‘1’ so that it is not used again. After changing the value, decrease the count of 0’s by 1. Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  • Initialize two variables, say cnt0 and cnt1 as 0 to store the count of 0s and 1s.
  • Traverse the string S and store the count of 1s and 0s in the variables cnt0 and cnt1 respectively.
  • Traverse the string S from the left side and check current character is 1 if found to be true then check for the condition:
    • if(i > 0 && S[i – 1] == ‘0’) if it is found to be true then change the left adjacent 0 to S[i-1] = ‘_’ and decrement the value of cnt0 by 1.
    • else if(i < S.length() && S[i+1] == ‘0’)  if it is found to be true then change the right 0 to S[i+1] = ‘_’ and decrement the value of cnt0 by 1.
  • After completing the above steps, if the value of (cnt1 > cnt0), then print “Yes”. Otherwise, print “No”.

Below is the implementation for the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to check whether in a given
// binary string can we make number of
// 1's greater than the  number of 0's
// by doing the given operation
void isOnesGreater(string S, int N)
{
 
    // Stores the count of 0's
    int cnt0 = 0;
 
    // Stores the count of 1's
    int cnt1 = 0;
 
    // Traverse through the string S
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
        // Check current character is 1
        if (S[i] == '1')
 
            // Update cnt1
            cnt1++;
 
        else
            // Update cnt0
            cnt0++;
    }
 
    // Traverse through the string S
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
        // Check curretn character is 1
        if (S[i] == '1') {
 
            // Check if left adjacent
            // character is 0
            if (i > 0 && S[i - 1] == '0') {
 
                // Change the left adjacent
                // character to _
                S[i - 1] = '_';
 
                // Update the cnt0
                cnt0--;
            }
 
            // Check if right adjacent
            // character is 0
            else if (i < N && S[i + 1] == '0') {
 
                // Change the right adjacent
                // character to _
                S[i + 1] = '_';
 
                // Update the cnt0
                cnt0--;
            }
        }
    }
 
    // Check count of 1's is greater
    // than the count of 0's
    if (cnt1 > cnt0) {
 
        cout << "Yes";
    }
    else {
 
        cout << "No";
    }
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
 
    string S = "01";
    int N = S.length();
 
    isOnesGreater(S, N);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to check whether in a given
    // binary string can we make number of
    // 1's greater than the  number of 0's
    // by doing the given operation
    static void isOnesGreater(String S, int N)
    {
        char[] st = new char[S.length()];
   
        // Copy character by character into array
        for (int i = 0; i < S.length(); i++) {
            st[i] = S.charAt(i);
        }
   
        // Stores the count of 0's
        int cnt0 = 0;
 
        // Stores the count of 1's
        int cnt1 = 0;
 
        // Traverse through the string S
        for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
            // Check current character is 1
            if (st[i] == '1')
 
                // Update cnt1
                cnt1++;
 
            else
                // Update cnt0
                cnt0++;
        }
 
        // Traverse through the string S
        for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
            // Check curretn character is 1
            if (st[i] == '1') {
 
                // Check if left adjacent
                // character is 0
                if (i > 0 && st[i - 1] == '0') {
 
                    // Change the left adjacent
                    // character to _
                    st[i - 1] = '_';
 
                    // Update the cnt0
                    cnt0--;
                }
 
                // Check if right adjacent
                // character is 0
                else if (i < N && st[i + 1] == '0') {
 
                    // Change the right adjacent
                    // character to _
                    st[i + 1] = '_';
 
                    // Update the cnt0
                    cnt0--;
                }
            }
        }
 
        // Check count of 1's is greater
        // than the count of 0's
        if (cnt1 > cnt0) {
 
            System.out.println("Yes");
        }
        else {
 
            System.out.println("No");
        }
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String args[])
    {
 
        String S = "01";
        int N = S.length();
 
        isOnesGreater(S, N);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by bgangwar59.

Python3




# Python Program to implement
# the above approach
 
# Function to check whether in a given
# binary string can we make number of
# 1's greater than the  number of 0's
# by doing the given operation
def isOnesGreater(S, N):
    S = list(S)
     
    # Stores the count of 0's
    cnt0 = 0
 
    # Stores the count of 1's
    cnt1 = 0
 
    # Traverse through the string S
    for i in range(N):
 
        # Check current character is 1
        if (S[i] == '1'):
 
            # Update cnt1
            cnt1 += 1
 
        else:
            # Update cnt0
            cnt0 += 1
     
    # Traverse through the string S
    for i in range(N):
 
        # Check curretn character is 1
        if (S[i] == '1'):
 
            # Check if left adjacent
            # character is 0
            if (i > 0 and S[i - 1] == '0'):
 
                # Change the left adjacent
                # character to _
                S[i - 1] = '_'
 
                # Update the cnt0
                cnt0 -= 1
             
            # Check if right adjacent
            # character is 0
            elif (i < N and S[i + 1] == '0'):
 
                # Change the right adjacent
                # character to _
                S[i + 1] = '_'
 
                # Update the cnt0
                cnt0 -= 1
 
    # Check count of 1's is greater
    # than the count of 0's
    if (cnt1 > cnt0):
        print("Yes")
    else:
        print("No")
 
# Driver Code
S = "01"
N = len(S)
 
isOnesGreater(S, N)
 
# This code is contributed by gfgking

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
using System.Text;
class GFG {
 
    // Function to check whether in a given
    // binary string can we make number of
    // 1's greater than the  number of 0's
    // by doing the given operation
    static void isOnesGreater(string S, int N)
    {
        StringBuilder st = new StringBuilder(S);
        // Stores the count of 0's
        int cnt0 = 0;
 
        // Stores the count of 1's
        int cnt1 = 0;
 
        // Traverse through the string S
        for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
            // Check current character is 1
            if (st[i] == '1')
 
                // Update cnt1
                cnt1++;
 
            else
                // Update cnt0
                cnt0++;
        }
 
        // Traverse through the string S
        for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
            // Check curretn character is 1
            if (st[i] == '1') {
 
                // Check if left adjacent
                // character is 0
                if (i > 0 && st[i - 1] == '0') {
 
                    // Change the left adjacent
                    // character to _
                    st[i - 1] = '_';
 
                    // Update the cnt0
                    cnt0--;
                }
 
                // Check if right adjacent
                // character is 0
                else if (i < N && st[i + 1] == '0') {
 
                    // Change the right adjacent
                    // character to _
                    st[i + 1] = '_';
 
                    // Update the cnt0
                    cnt0--;
                }
            }
        }
 
        // Check count of 1's is greater
        // than the count of 0's
        if (cnt1 > cnt0) {
 
            Console.WriteLine("Yes");
        }
        else {
 
            Console.WriteLine("No");
        }
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void Main()
    {
 
        string S = "01";
        int N = S.Length;
 
        isOnesGreater(S, N);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by ukasp.

Javascript




<script>
        // JavaScript Program to implement
        // the above approach
 
        // Function to check whether in a given
        // binary string can we make number of
        // 1's greater than the  number of 0's
        // by doing the given operation
        function isOnesGreater(S, N) {
 
            // Stores the count of 0's
            let cnt0 = 0;
 
            // Stores the count of 1's
            let cnt1 = 0;
 
            // Traverse through the string S
            for (let i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
                // Check current character is 1
                if (S[i] == '1')
 
                    // Update cnt1
                    cnt1++;
 
                else
                    // Update cnt0
                    cnt0++;
            }
 
            // Traverse through the string S
            for (let i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
                // Check curretn character is 1
                if (S[i] == '1') {
 
                    // Check if left adjacent
                    // character is 0
                    if (i > 0 && S[i - 1] == '0') {
 
                        // Change the left adjacent
                        // character to _
                        S[i - 1] = '_';
 
                        // Update the cnt0
                        cnt0--;
                    }
 
                    // Check if right adjacent
                    // character is 0
                    else if (i < N && S[i + 1] == '0') {
 
                        // Change the right adjacent
                        // character to _
                        S[i + 1] = '_';
 
                        // Update the cnt0
                        cnt0--;
                    }
                }
            }
 
            // Check count of 1's is greater
            // than the count of 0's
            if (cnt1 > cnt0) {
 
                document.write("Yes");
            }
            else {
 
                document.write("No");
            }
        }
 
        // Driver Code
        let S = "01";
        let N = S.length;
 
        isOnesGreater(S, N);
 
     // This code is contributed by Potta Lokesh
    </script>
Output: 
Yes

 

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)




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