# Check if cells numbered 1 to K in a grid can be connected after removal of atmost one blocked cell

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 19 Sep, 2021

Given a grid A of size N*M consisting of K cells denoted by values in range [1, K], some blocked cells denoted by -1 and remaining unblocked cells denoted by 0, the task is to check if it is possible to connect those K cells, directly or indirectly, by unblocking atmost one cell. It is possible to move only to the adjacent horizontal and adjacent vertical cells.

Examples

```Input:
A = {{0, 5, 6, 0},
{3, -1, -1, 4},
{-1, 2, 1, -1},
{-1, -1, -1, -1}},
K = 6
Output: Yes
Explanation:
Unblocking cell (2, 2) or (2, 3) or (3, 1) or
(3, 4) would make all the K cells connected.

Input:
A = {{-1, -1, 3, -1},
{1, 0, -1, -1},
{-1, -1, -1, 0},
{-1, 0, 2, -1}},
K = 3
Output: No
Explanation:
Atleast two cells need to be unblocked.```

Approach: Perform BFS from the cells numbered 1 to K and mark every cell by the component to which it belongs. Check if there is any blocked cell having adjacent cells belonging to different components. If there exists any, then it is possible to connect by unblocking that cell. Otherwise, it is not possible.

Example:

After performing BFS and labeling the cells by their no of components, the array appears as follows:
A={{1, 1, 1, 1}, {1, -1, -1, 1}, {-1, 2, 2, -1}, {-1, -1, -1, -1}}
The number of different label around the cell (2, 2) is 2.
Hence, unblocking it will connect the K cells.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ implementation of the above approach` `#include ``using` `namespace` `std;``#define pairs pair` `void` `check(``int` `k, vector > a,``           ``int` `n, ``int` `m)``{``    ``int` `cells[k][2];``    ``bool` `visited[n][m];``    ``int` `count = 0;``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) {``        ``for` `(``int` `j = 0; j < m; j++) {` `            ``if` `(a[i][j] != 0``                ``&& a[i][j] != -1) {` `                ``cells[count][0] = i;``                ``cells[count][1] = j;``                ``count++;``            ``}``            ``visited[i][j] = ``false``;``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``// Arrays to make grid traversals easier``    ``int` `dx[] = { 0, 0, 1, -1 };``    ``int` `dy[] = { 1, -1, 0, 0 };` `    ``// Store number of components``    ``int` `component = 0;` `    ``// Perform BFS and mark every cell``    ``// by the component in which it belongs``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < k; i++) {` `        ``int` `x = cells[i][0], y = cells[i][1];` `        ``if` `(visited[x][y])``            ``continue``;``        ``component++;``        ``queue cells;``        ``cells.push(make_pair(x, y));``        ``visited[x][y] = ``true``;` `        ``while` `(!cells.empty()) {` `            ``pairs z = cells.front();``            ``cells.pop();``            ``a[z.first][z.second] = component;` `            ``for` `(``int` `j = 0; j < 4; j++) {` `                ``int` `new_x = z.first + dx[j];``                ``int` `new_y = z.second + dy[j];``                ``if` `(new_x < 0 || new_x >= n``                    ``|| new_y < 0 || new_y >= m)``                    ``continue``;``                ``if` `(visited[new_x][new_y]``                    ``|| a[new_x][new_y] == -1)``                    ``continue``;` `                ``cells.push(make_pair(new_x, new_y));``                ``visited[new_x][new_y] = ``true``;``            ``}``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``int` `maximum = 0;``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) {``        ``for` `(``int` `j = 0; j < m; j++) {` `            ``if` `(a[i][j] == -1) {``                ``unordered_set<``int``> set;``                ``for` `(``int` `kk = 0; kk < 4; kk++) {` `                    ``int` `xx = i + dx[kk];``                    ``int` `yy = j + dy[kk];``                    ``if` `(xx < 0 || xx >= n``                        ``|| yy < 0 || yy >= m)``                        ``continue``;` `                    ``// if the cell doesn't``                    ``// belong to any component``                    ``if` `(a[xx][yy] <= 0)``                        ``continue``;``                    ``set.insert(a[xx][yy]);``                ``}``                ``int` `s = set.size();``                ``maximum = max(s, maximum);``            ``}``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``if` `(maximum == component) {``        ``cout << ``"Yes\n"``;``    ``}``    ``else` `{``        ``cout << ``"No\n"``;``    ``}``}``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `k = 6;``    ``int` `n = 4, m = 4;``    ``vector > a``        ``= { { 0, 5, 6, 0 },``            ``{ 3, -1, -1, 4 },``            ``{ -1, 2, 1, -1 },``            ``{ -1, -1, -1, -1 } };` `    ``check(k, a, n, m);``    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java implementation of the above approach``import` `java.util.*;` `class` `GFG{``    ``static` `class` `pair``    ``{``        ``int` `first, second;``        ``public` `pair(``int` `first, ``int` `second) ``        ``{``            ``this``.first = first;``            ``this``.second = second;``        ``}   ``    ``}``static` `void` `check(``int` `k, ``int` `[][]a,``           ``int` `n, ``int` `m)``{``    ``int` `[][]cell = ``new` `int``[k][``2``];``    ``boolean` `[][]visited = ``new` `boolean``[n][m];``    ``int` `count = ``0``;``    ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < n; i++) {``        ``for` `(``int` `j = ``0``; j < m; j++) {`` ` `            ``if` `(a[i][j] != ``0``                ``&& a[i][j] != -``1``) {`` ` `                ``cell[count][``0``] = i;``                ``cell[count][``1``] = j;``                ``count++;``            ``}``            ``visited[i][j] = ``false``;``        ``}``    ``}`` ` `    ``// Arrays to make grid traversals easier``    ``int` `dx[] = { ``0``, ``0``, ``1``, -``1` `};``    ``int` `dy[] = { ``1``, -``1``, ``0``, ``0` `};`` ` `    ``// Store number of components``    ``int` `component = ``0``;`` ` `    ``// Perform BFS and mark every cell``    ``// by the component in which it belongs``    ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < k; i++) {`` ` `        ``int` `x = cell[i][``0``], y = cell[i][``1``];`` ` `        ``if` `(visited[x][y])``            ``continue``;``        ``component++;``        ``Queue cells = ``new` `LinkedList<>();``        ``cells.add(``new` `pair(x, y));``        ``visited[x][y] = ``true``;`` ` `        ``while` `(!cells.isEmpty()) {`` ` `            ``pair z = cells.peek();``            ``cells.remove();``            ``a[z.first][z.second] = component;`` ` `            ``for` `(``int` `j = ``0``; j < ``4``; j++) {`` ` `                ``int` `new_x = z.first + dx[j];``                ``int` `new_y = z.second + dy[j];``                ``if` `(new_x < ``0` `|| new_x >= n``                    ``|| new_y < ``0` `|| new_y >= m)``                    ``continue``;``                ``if` `(visited[new_x][new_y]``                    ``|| a[new_x][new_y] == -``1``)``                    ``continue``;`` ` `                ``cells.add(``new` `pair(new_x, new_y));``                ``visited[new_x][new_y] = ``true``;``            ``}``        ``}``    ``}`` ` `    ``int` `maximum = ``0``;``    ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < n; i++) {``        ``for` `(``int` `j = ``0``; j < m; j++) {`` ` `            ``if` `(a[i][j] == -``1``) {``                ``HashSet set = ``new` `HashSet();``                ``for` `(``int` `kk = ``0``; kk < ``4``; kk++) {`` ` `                    ``int` `xx = i + dx[kk];``                    ``int` `yy = j + dy[kk];``                    ``if` `(xx < ``0` `|| xx >= n``                        ``|| yy < ``0` `|| yy >= m)``                        ``continue``;`` ` `                    ``// if the cell doesn't``                    ``// belong to any component``                    ``if` `(a[xx][yy] <= ``0``)``                        ``continue``;``                    ``set.add(a[xx][yy]);``                ``}``                ``int` `s = set.size();``                ``maximum = Math.max(s, maximum);``            ``}``        ``}``    ``}`` ` `    ``if` `(maximum == component) {``        ``System.out.print(``"Yes\n"``);``    ``}``    ``else` `{``        ``System.out.print(``"No\n"``);``    ``}``}` `public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{``    ``int` `k = ``6``;``    ``int` `n = ``4``, m = ``4``;``    ``int` `[][]a``        ``= { { ``0``, ``5``, ``6``, ``0` `},``            ``{ ``3``, -``1``, -``1``, ``4` `},``            ``{ -``1``, ``2``, ``1``, -``1` `},``            ``{ -``1``, -``1``, -``1``, -``1` `} };`` ` `    ``check(k, a, n, m);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar`

## Python3

 `# Python3 implementation of the above approach``from` `collections ``import` `deque as queue``def` `check(k, a, n, m):` `    ``cells ``=` `[[``0` `for` `i ``in` `range``(``2``)] ``for` `i ``in` `range``(k)]``    ``visited ``=` `[[``0` `for` `i ``in` `range``(m)] ``for` `i ``in` `range``(n)]``    ``count ``=` `0``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(n):``        ``for` `j ``in` `range``(m):` `            ``if` `(a[i][j] !``=` `0``                ``and` `a[i][j] !``=` `-``1``):` `                ``cells[count][``0``] ``=` `i``                ``cells[count][``1``] ``=` `j``                ``count ``+``=` `1` `            ``visited[i][j] ``=` `False` `    ``# Arrays to make grid traversals easier``    ``dx ``=` `[``0``, ``0``, ``1``, ``-``1``]``    ``dy ``=` `[``1``, ``-``1``, ``0``, ``0``]` `    ``# Store number of components``    ``component ``=` `0` `    ``# Perform BFS and mark every cell``    ``# by the component in which it belongs``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(k):` `        ``x ``=` `cells[i][``0``]``        ``y ``=` `cells[i][``1``]` `        ``if` `(visited[x][y]):``            ``continue``        ``component ``+``=` `1``        ``cell ``=` `queue()``        ``cell.append([x, y])``        ``visited[x][y] ``=` `True` `        ``while` `(``len``(cell) > ``0``):` `            ``z ``=` `cell.popleft()``            ``a[z[``0``]][z[``1``]] ``=` `component` `            ``for` `j ``in` `range``(``4``):` `                ``new_x ``=` `z[``0``] ``+` `dx[j]``                ``new_y ``=` `z[``1``] ``+` `dy[j]``                ``if` `(new_x < ``0` `or` `new_x >``=` `n``                    ``or` `new_y < ``0` `or` `new_y >``=` `m):``                    ``continue``                ``if` `(visited[new_x][new_y]``                    ``or` `a[new_x][new_y] ``=``=` `-``1``):``                    ``continue` `                ``cell.append([new_x, new_y])``                ``visited[new_x][new_y] ``=` `True` `    ``maximum ``=` `0``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(n):``        ``for` `j ``in` `range``(m):` `            ``if` `(a[i][j] ``=``=` `-``1``):``                ``se ``=` `dict``()``                ``for` `kk ``in` `range``(``4``):` `                    ``xx ``=` `i ``+` `dx[kk]``                    ``yy ``=` `j ``+` `dy[kk]``                    ``if` `(xx < ``0` `or` `xx >``=` `n``                        ``or` `yy < ``0` `or` `yy >``=` `m):``                        ``continue` `                    ``# if the cell doesn't``                    ``# belong to any component``                    ``if` `(a[xx][yy] <``=` `0``):``                        ``continue``                    ``se[a[xx][yy]] ``=` `1` `                ``s ``=` `len``(se)``                ``maximum ``=` `max``(s, maximum)` `    ``if` `(maximum ``=``=` `component):``        ``print``(``"Yes\n"``)` `    ``else``:``        ``print``(``"No\n"``)` `# Driver code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `'__main__'``:``    ``k ``=` `6``    ``n ``=` `4``    ``m ``=` `4``    ``a``=``[[``0``, ``5``, ``6``, ``0` `],``    ``[``3``, ``-``1``, ``-``1``, ``4``],``    ``[``-``1``, ``2``, ``1``, ``-``1``],``    ``[``-``1``, ``-``1``,``-``1``,``-``1``]]` `    ``check(k, a, n, m)` `# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29`

## C#

 `// C# implementation of the above approach``using` `System;``using` `System.Collections.Generic;` `class` `GFG{``    ``class` `pair``    ``{``        ``public` `int` `first, second;``        ``public` `pair(``int` `first, ``int` `second) ``        ``{``            ``this``.first = first;``            ``this``.second = second;``        ``}   ``    ``}``static` `void` `check(``int` `k, ``int` `[,]a,``           ``int` `n, ``int` `m)``{``    ``int` `[,]cell = ``new` `int``[k,2];``    ``bool` `[,]visited = ``new` `bool``[n,m];``    ``int` `count = 0;``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) {``        ``for` `(``int` `j = 0; j < m; j++) {``  ` `            ``if` `(a[i, j] != 0``                ``&& a[i, j] != -1) {``  ` `                ``cell[count, 0] = i;``                ``cell[count, 1] = j;``                ``count++;``            ``}``            ``visited[i, j] = ``false``;``        ``}``    ``}``  ` `    ``// Arrays to make grid traversals easier``    ``int` `[]dx = { 0, 0, 1, -1 };``    ``int` `[]dy = { 1, -1, 0, 0 };``  ` `    ``// Store number of components``    ``int` `component = 0;``  ` `    ``// Perform BFS and mark every cell``    ``// by the component in which it belongs``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < k; i++) {``  ` `        ``int` `x = cell[i, 0], y = cell[i, 1];``  ` `        ``if` `(visited[x, y])``            ``continue``;``        ``component++;``        ``List cells = ``new` `List();``        ``cells.Add(``new` `pair(x, y));``        ``visited[x, y] = ``true``;``  ` `        ``while` `(cells.Count != 0) {``  ` `            ``pair z = cells[0];``            ``cells.RemoveAt(0);``            ``a[z.first,z.second] = component;``  ` `            ``for` `(``int` `j = 0; j < 4; j++) {``  ` `                ``int` `new_x = z.first + dx[j];``                ``int` `new_y = z.second + dy[j];``                ``if` `(new_x < 0 || new_x >= n``                    ``|| new_y < 0 || new_y >= m)``                    ``continue``;``                ``if` `(visited[new_x,new_y]``                    ``|| a[new_x, new_y] == -1)``                    ``continue``;``  ` `                ``cells.Add(``new` `pair(new_x, new_y));``                ``visited[new_x, new_y] = ``true``;``            ``}``        ``}``    ``}``  ` `    ``int` `maximum = 0;``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) {``        ``for` `(``int` `j = 0; j < m; j++) {``  ` `            ``if` `(a[i, j] == -1) {``                ``HashSet<``int``> ``set` `= ``new` `HashSet<``int``>();``                ``for` `(``int` `kk = 0; kk < 4; kk++) {``  ` `                    ``int` `xx = i + dx[kk];``                    ``int` `yy = j + dy[kk];``                    ``if` `(xx < 0 || xx >= n``                        ``|| yy < 0 || yy >= m)``                        ``continue``;``  ` `                    ``// if the cell doesn't``                    ``// belong to any component``                    ``if` `(a[xx, yy] <= 0)``                        ``continue``;``                    ``set``.Add(a[xx, yy]);``                ``}``                ``int` `s = ``set``.Count;``                ``maximum = Math.Max(s, maximum);``            ``}``        ``}``    ``}``  ` `    ``if` `(maximum == component) {``        ``Console.Write(``"Yes\n"``);``    ``}``    ``else` `{``        ``Console.Write(``"No\n"``);``    ``}``}`` ` `public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)``{``    ``int` `k = 6;``    ``int` `n = 4, m = 4;``    ``int` `[,]a``        ``= { { 0, 5, 6, 0 },``            ``{ 3, -1, -1, 4 },``            ``{ -1, 2, 1, -1 },``            ``{ -1, -1, -1, -1 } };``  ` `    ``check(k, a, n, m);``}``}`` ` `// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar`

## Javascript

 ``

Output:

`Yes`

Performance Analysis:

• Time Complexity: Performing BFS on the matrix takes O(N*M) time and O(N*M) time for checking every blocked cell. Hence the overall Time Complexity will be O(N * M).
• Auxiliary Space Complexity: O(N * M)

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up