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Check if a graph constructed from an array based on given conditions consists of a cycle or not

  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 22 Jun, 2021

Given an array arr[] consisting of first N natural numbers, construct an undirected graph using the array elements such that for any array element, connect an edge with the next greater element on the left as well as right.

Examples:

 Input: arr = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}
Output: No
Explanation:     
It is clear from the below image that final graph will be a tree. 

Input: arr[] = {1, 4, 2, 5, 3}
Output: Yes

Naive Approach: The simplest approach is to construct the required graph using the above conditions and check if there exists any cycle of at least length 3 or not. If there exists a cycle, then print “Yes“. Otherwise, print “No“. 
Time Complexity: O(N + E), where E is the number of edges.
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

Efficient Approach: The optimal idea is to check if the given permutation is unimodal or non-unimodal, i.e.simply check if there exists any array element with greater adjacent elements on both sides. If found to be true, print “Yes”. Otherwise, print “No”.
Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
 
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to check if the graph
// constructed from given array
// contains a cycle or not
void isCycleExists(int arr[], int N)
{
    bool valley = 0;
 
    // Traverse the array
    for (int i = 1; i < N; i++) {
 
        // If arr[i] is less than
        // arr[i - 1] and arr[i]
        if (arr[i] < arr[i - 1]
            && arr[i] < arr[i + 1]) {
 
            cout << "Yes" << endl;
            return;
        }
    }
 
    cout << "No";
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    // Given array
    int arr[] = { 1, 3, 2, 4, 5 };
 
    // Size of the array
    int N = sizeof(arr)
            / sizeof(arr[0]);
 
    isCycleExists(arr, N);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.io.*;
class GFG
{
 
  // Function to check if the graph
  // constructed from given array
  // contains a cycle or not
  static void isCycleExists(int[] arr, int N)
  {
 
    // Traverse the array
    for (int i = 1; i < N; i++)
    {
 
      // If arr[i] is less than
      // arr[i - 1] and arr[i]
      if (arr[i] < arr[i - 1]
          && arr[i] < arr[i + 1])
      {
        System.out.println("Yes");
        return;
      }
    }
    System.out.println("No");
  }
 
  // Driver Code
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
 
    // Given array
    int[] arr = { 1, 3, 2, 4, 5 };
 
    // Size of the array
    int N = arr.length;
    isCycleExists(arr, N);
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Dharanendra L V.

Python3




# Python3 program for the above approach
 
# Function to check if the graph
# constructed from given array
# contains a cycle or not
def isCycleExists(arr, N):
    valley = 0
 
    # Traverse the array
    for i in range(1, N):
 
        # If arr[i] is less than
        # arr[i - 1] and arr[i]
        if (arr[i] < arr[i - 1] and arr[i] < arr[i + 1]):
            print("Yes")
            return
    print("No")
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
   
    # Given array
    arr = [1, 3, 2, 4, 5]
 
    # Size of the array
    N = len(arr)
    isCycleExists(arr, N)
 
# This code is contributed by mohit kumar 29

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
class GFG
{
 
  // Function to check if the graph
  // constructed from given array
  // contains a cycle or not
  static void isCycleExists(int[] arr, int N)
  {
 
    // Traverse the array
    for (int i = 1; i < N; i++)
    {
 
      // If arr[i] is less than
      // arr[i - 1] and arr[i]
      if (arr[i] < arr[i - 1]
          && arr[i] < arr[i + 1])
      {
        Console.WriteLine("Yes");
        return;
      }
    }
    Console.WriteLine("No");
  }
 
  // Driver Code
  public static void Main()
  {
     
    // Given array
    int[] arr = { 1, 3, 2, 4, 5 };
 
    // Size of the array
    int N = arr.Length;
    isCycleExists(arr, N);
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by chitranayal.

Javascript




<script>
// Javascript program for the above approach
 
// Function to check if the graph
// constructed from given array
// contains a cycle or not
function isCycleExists(arr,N)
{
    // Traverse the array
    for (let i = 1; i < N; i++)
    {
  
      // If arr[i] is less than
      // arr[i - 1] and arr[i]
      if (arr[i] < arr[i - 1]
          && arr[i] < arr[i + 1])
      {
        document.write("Yes");
        return;
      }
    }
    document.write("No");
}
 
// Driver Code
let arr=[1, 3, 2, 4, 5 ];
// Size of the array
let N = arr.length;
isCycleExists(arr, N);
 
 
// This code is contributed by avanitrachhadiya2155
</script>
Output: 
Yes

 

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)


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