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Challenges Faced by Indian Democracy

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  • Last Updated : 02 May, 2022
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A democratic government is one in which the people elect the rulers. The fact that the government is elected by the people is one of the most significant aspects of all democracies. It also assists students in differentiating between democratic and non-democratic governments. Consider Myanmar, which has a non-democratic government with rulers who are not chosen by the people. Those in control of the country’s army took over as rulers, and the people had no voice in the matter. Dictators, such as Chile’s Pinochet, are not chosen by the people. This is also true with monarchies.

Why Democracy?

A democratic government is superior to a non-democratic administration because it is more accountable: Consider the famines in India and China from 1958 to 1961. Despite its dire economic situation, India did not fare as severely as China. It’s possible that this is because India responded to food scarcity in a way that China’s government did not. We can observe that democracy responds to the needs of the people better than any other type of governance.

Consultation and debate are the cornerstones of democracy. A democratic choice always involves a large number of people, conversations, and meetings, and they are able to identify any errors in any decision. This could take some time. Taking time to consider critical decisions, on the other hand, minimizes the likelihood of making hasty or reckless decisions.

People in any community are bound to have opposing points of view and interests. These distinctions are accentuated in a country with such enormous social variety as ours. People come from all over the world, speak a variety of languages, follow a variety of religions, and belong to a variety of castes. The preferences of one group may clash with those of other groups. .In a democracy, there is no absolute winner or loser. Different groups can coexist peacefully with one another.

Even if no government can guarantee that no mistakes would be committed, they will not be buried for long in a democracy. It establishes a public platform for the discussion of these inaccuracies. There is also room for improvement.

Cons of Democracy

  1. Leaders shift frequently in a democracy, resulting in instability.
  2. Democracy is primarily concerned with political power and competitiveness, with little room for values.
  3. Many people must be consulted in a democracy, which causes delays.
  4. Elected authorities are not always aware of what is best for the public, resulting in poor decisions.
  5. Democracy generates corruption because it is based on electoral competition.
  6. Ordinary people do not know what is best for them, thus they should refrain from making any decisions.

Challenges to Democracy

  1. Many democratic countries have corrupt, dishonest, and ineffective political leaders and personnel. They demand the bribe. Citizens lose trust as a result of this. 
  2. During elections, anti-social elements play an important role. Many people are coerced or bribed into voting for a specific politician or political party. During elections, rigging is also common.
  3. There are considerable socioeconomic disparities among the population. Despite the fact that all residents have the right to vote and contest elections, only the wealthy have a chance of winning.
  4. During elections, a considerable proportion of voters consider the candidate’s caste and religion. When distributing election tickets, political parties also consider a person’s caste or religion. Representatives elected on the basis of caste or religion work for the welfare of solely their caste or religion’s members.
  5. The tough, far-reaching, and protracted judicial process in India has brought the country to a state of justice. Due to misrule, the fairness of justice has been called into question on several occasions. Injustice is frequently associated with delays in justice. In our judicial system, there are more than 3 lakh cases outstanding.
  6. In a democracy, both the civil service and the police service perceive themselves to be masters, whereas in a colonial society, both are regarded service providers.
  7. Furthermore, ideologies such as patriarchy and khap panchayat have harmed democracy in the country. There is also fear that the family and society, India’s basic social unit, are no longer democratic.

True, India has made significant democratic progress; however, after independence, the high ideals that we should have established in this country and society have gone in the exact opposite direction, and corruption, dowry, human hatred, and problems such as violence, obscenity, and rape have all become commonplace. But, because our country has been plagued by issues from ancient times, and because India is now the world’s most populous country, youth will be expected to help democratize the country, community, and family by increasing their participation.

Sample Problems

Question 1: How does democracy produce a responsive government?


A democratic government is intended to respond to the needs and wants of the people while still being relatively free of corruption. However, this is not the case in practice. Democracies frequently frustrate people’s wishes and ignore the bulk of the population’s demands. As a result, it isn’t as responsive as it could be. In democratic democracies, corruption exists. Non-democratic administrations, on the other hand, do not appear to be less corrupt or responsive to the concerns of their citizens.

Question 2: How does democracy produce a legitimate government?


In this way, democratic governments outperform non-democratic governments. People desire representatives who have been elected by them to govern them. They also believe that democracy is the finest form of government for their country because it is governed by and for the people.

Question 3: What are the primary characteristics of a democracy?


Democracies have a written constitution, hold elections, have political parties, and guarantee certain rights to individuals.

Question 4: Is democracies based on political equality?


In democracies built on political equality, individuals have equal clout when it comes to electing representatives.

Question 5: Why is there such widespread support for the concept of democracy around the world?


It is because a democratic government is a people’s government.

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